Died in 1707

Jan 4 Louis William Margrave of Baden-Baden the ruler of Baden in Germany and chief commander of the Imperial army. He was also known as Türkenlouis , for his many defeats of Turkish armies. At his death in 1707, his wife, Sibylle of Saxe-Lauenburg, acted as regent of Baden-Baden
Jan 8 John Dalrymple 1st Earl of Stair a Scottish noble who played a crucial role in the 1707 Treaty of Union between the Kingdom of Scotland and the Kingdom of England, that created the Kingdom of Great Britain.
Jan 20 Leopold Karl von Kollonitsch a cardinal of the Holy Roman Church, Archbishop of Kalocsa and later of Gran, or Esztergom, and Primate of Hungary. Also a count of the Holy Roman Empire, he was a leading figure of the Hungarian Counter-reformation
Jan 20 Humphrey Hody an English scholar and theologian.
Jan 31 Philibert de Gramont a French nobleman, known as the protagonist of the Mémoires written by Antoine Hamilton. He was an elder brother of Antoine III of Gramont and uncle of Catherine Charlotte de Gramont, princess of Monaco
Feb 4 Otto Arnold von Paykull a Livonian officer in the service of the Electorate of Saxony.
Mar 3 Aurangzeb the sixth Mughal Emperor and ruled over most of the Indian subcontinent. His reign lasted for 49 years from 1658 until his death in 1707. Aurangzeb was a notable expansionist and during his reign, the Mughal Empire reached its greatest extent. He was among the wealthiest of the Mughal rulers with an annual yearly tribute of £38,624,680. He was a pious Muslim, and his policies partly abandoned the legacy of Akbar's secularism, which remains a very controversial aspect of his reign. During his lifetime, victories in the south expanded the Mughal Empire to more than 3.2 million square kilometres and he ruled over a population estimated as being in the range of 100–150 million subjects. However, his wars led to the exhaustion of the imperial Mughal treasury and death of approximately 4.6 million people, mostly civilians. He was a strong and effective ruler, but with his death the great period of the Mughal Empire came to an end, and central control of the sub-continent declined rapidly
Mar 5 Abraham Pierson the first rector, from 1701 to 1707, and one of the founders of the Collegiate School — which later became Yale University. He was born in Southampton, Long Island, where his father, the Rev. Abraham Pierson , was the pastor of the Puritan church. At that time, Southampton and much of eastern Long Island were administered as part of the Connecticut Colony
Mar 27 Jean-François Gerbillon a French missionary, who worked in China.
Mar 30 Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban a Marshal of France and the foremost military engineer of his age, famed for his skill in both designing fortifications and breaking through them. He also advised Louis XIV on how to consolidate France's borders, to make them more defensible. Vauban made a radical suggestion of giving up some land that was indefensible to allow for a stronger, less porous border with France's neighbours
Apr 2 Gérard Edelinck a copper-plate engraver and print publisher of Flemish origin, who worked in Paris from 1666 and became a naturalized French citizen in 1675.
Apr 6 Willem van de Velde the Younger a Dutch marine painter.
Apr 24 Bernard Desjean Baron de Pointis a French admiral and privateer.
Apr 26 Johann Christoph Denner attributed.
Apr 28 Christian Duke of Saxe-Eisenberg a duke of Saxe-Eisenberg.
Apr 29 George Farquhar an Irish dramatist. He is noted for his contributions to late Restoration comedy, particularly for his plays The Recruiting Officer and The Beaux' Stratagem
May 8 Nicholas Kalliakis a Cretan scholar and philosopher who flourished in Italy in the 17th century. He was appointed doctor of philosophy and theology in Rome, university professor of Greek and Latin and Aristotelian philosophy at Venice in 1666 and professor of belles-lettres and rhetoric at Padua in 1667
May 9 Dieterich Buxtehude a Danish-German organist and composer of the Baroque period. His organ works represent a central part of the standard organ repertoire and are frequently performed at recitals and in church services. He composed in a wide variety of vocal and instrumental idioms, and his style strongly influenced many composers, including Johann Sebastian Bach. Today, Buxtehude is considered one of the most important composers in Germany of the mid-Baroque
May 10 Johann Ernst III Duke of Saxe-Weimar a duke of Saxe-Weimar.
May 19 Jean II d'Estrées a Marshal of France, and an important naval commander of Louis XIV. He was born to a noble family from Picardie. His aunt was Gabrielle d'Estrées, lover of King Henry IV of France
May 27 Françoise-Athénaïs marquise de Montespan the most celebrated maîtresse en titre of King Louis XIV of France, by whom she had seven children.
Jun 8 Muhammad Azam Shah a Mughal prince who claimed the Mughal throne. He was the second son of the sixth Mughal emperor Aurangzeb and his Empress consort Dilras Banu Begum
Jun 15 Giorgio Baglivi an Italian physician and scientist, was born in poor circumstances at Ragusa in Dalmatia, his real name being Armeno. His family was of Armenian decent. His family was removed to Lecce in Apulia, and Giorgio took the name of his adopted father, a wealthy physician named Pier Angelo Baglivi. He made important contributions to clinical education, based on his own medical practice, and in De Fibra Motrice advanced the theory that the solid parts of organs are more crucial to their good functioning than their fluids
Jun 15 Antonio Verrio responsible for introducing Baroque mural painting into England and served the Crown over a thirty year period.
Jun 16 Marie de Nemours the daughter of Henri II d'Orléans, duc de Longueville. After the death of her brother Jean Louis Charles d'Orléans-Longueville in 1694 she succeeded him as sovereign Princess of Neuchâtel, by then the last monarchical state within the Swiss Confederation, although she remained a prominent member of the French royal court
Jun 19 Tsarevna Marfa Alekseyevna of Russia a Russian Princess, daughter of Tsar Alexis of Russia and Maria Miloslavskaya, sister of Tsar Feodor III of Russia and Tsar Ivan V of Russia and half sister of Tsar Peter the Great. She participated in the rebellion of her sister Sophia against Tsar Peter in 1698 and was therefore imprisoned in a convent. She is an orthodox saint
Jun 23 John Mill (theologian) an English theologian. He is noted for his critical edition of the Greek New Testament which included notes on many variant readings
Aug 18 William Cavendish 1st Duke of Devonshire an English soldier and Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1661 to 1684 when he inherited his father's peerage as Earl of Devonshire. He was created Duke of Devonshire in 1694
Aug 20 Nicolas Gigault a French Baroque organist and composer. Born into poverty, he quickly rose to fame and high reputation among fellow musicians. His surviving works include the earliest examples of noëls and a volume of works representative of the 1650–1675 style of the French organ school
Sep 15 George Stepney an English poet and diplomat.
Sep 18 Petter Dass a Lutheran priest and the foremost Norwegian poet of his generation, writing both baroque hymns and topographical poetry.
Sep 24 Vincenzo da Filicaja an Italian poet.
Oct 10 Johann Patkul a Livonian nobleman, politician, and agitator of Baltic German extraction. Born as a subject to the Swedish Crown, his protests against the manner of Charles XI of Sweden's reduction in Livonia enraged the king to the point of having him arrested and sentenced to mutilation and death. Patkul fled from the Swedish empire to continental Europe, playing a key role in the secret diplomacy allying Peter the Great of Russia, Augustus the Strong of Saxony and Poland-Lithuania as well as Christian V and his successor Frederick IV of Denmark-Norway against Charles XII of Sweden, triggering the Great Northern War. During the first war years, Patkul retained a key role in the communication between the allies and other European courts, holding positions at king Augustus' court first in Augustus', then in tsar Peter's service. In late 1705 Patkul fell from Augustus' favor and was arrested and charged with high treason. Throughout the following year he was detained first in Sonnenstein, then in Königstein , before Charles XII forced Augustus to extradite him by the treaty of Altranstädt in late 1706. Patkul spent another year in Swedish detention before Charles XII had him broken on the wheel and decapitated
Oct 25 Gabriel III of Constantinople Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 1702 to 1707.
Dec 1 Jeremiah Clarke an English baroque composer and organist.
Dec 24 Noël Coypel a French painter, and was also called Coypel le Poussin, because he was heavily influenced by Poussin.
Dec 27 Jean Mabillon a French Benedictine monk and scholar, considered the founder of palaeography and diplomatics.