Died in 1708

Jan 23 Frederick II Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg. He was also a successful and experienced general for the crowns of both Sweden and of Brandenburg, but is best remembered as the eponymous hero of Heinrich von Kleist's play Der Prinz von Homburg
Feb 6 Elias van den Broeck a Dutch Golden Age flower painter.
Apr 20 Damaris Cudworth Masham an English philosopher.
Apr 23 Christian Augustus Count Palatine of Sulzbach the Count Palatine of Sulzbach from 1632 until 1708.
May 6 François de Laval the first Roman Catholic bishop of Quebec, appointed when he was 36 years old by Pope Alexander VII.
May 11 Jules Hardouin Mansart generally considered to be the apex of French Baroque architecture, representing the power and grandeur of Louis XIV. Hardouin-Mansart was one of the most important European architects of the seventeenth century
May 12 Adolphus Frederick II Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz the first Duke of the Mecklenburg-Strelitz, reigning from 1701 until his death. Mecklenburg-Strelitz was a part of the Holy Roman Empire
May 13 Giovanni Battista Draghi (composer) an Anglo-Italian composer and keyboard player. He may have been the brother of the composer Antonio Draghi
May 18 Arvid Axel Mardefelt a Swedish Infantry General from the 18th century and a familiar of Charles XII of Sweden.
Jun 30 Tekle Haymanot I nəgusä nägäst of Ethiopia, and a member of the Solomonic dynasty. He was the son of Iyasu I and Empress Malakotawit. He is often referred to as "Irgum Tekle Haymanot" or "Tekle Haymanot the Cursed"
Jul 5 Ferdinando Carlo Gonzaga Duke of Mantua and Montferrat the only child of Duke Charles II of Mantua and Montferrat, and the last ruler of the Duchy of Mantua of the House of Gonzaga.
Jul 15 Vasyl Kochubey a Ukrainian nobleman and statesman of Tatar descent. His great-grandson was the eminent imperial statesman Viktor Kochubey. The family name is also spelled Kotchoubey and Kotschoubey
Sep 6 Sir John Morden 1st Baronet a successful English merchant and philanthropist who also served briefly as an He established Morden College in Blackheath, south-east London as a home for retired merchants; as a charity, it continues to provide residential care over 300 years later.
Oct 1 John Blow an English Baroque composer and organist, appointed to Westminster Abbey in 1669. His pupils included William Croft, Jeremiah Clarke and Henry Purcell. In 1685 he was named a private musician to James His only stage composition, Venus and Adonis , was thought to influence Henry Purcell's later opera Dido and Aeneas. In 1687 he became choirmaster at St Paul's Cathedral, where many of his pieces were performed. In 1699 he was appointed to the newly created post of Composer to the Chapel Royal
Oct 2 Anne Jules de Noailles one of the chief generals of France towards the end of the reign of Louis XIV, and, after raising the regiment of Noailles in 1689, he commanded in Spain during both the War of the Grand Alliance and the War of the Spanish Succession, and was made marshal of France in 1693.
Oct 7 Guru Gobind Singh the last of the ten Sikh Gurus. He was a warrior, poet and philosopher. He succeeded his father Guru Tegh Bahadur as the leader of Sikhs at the young age of nine. He contributed much to Sikhism; notable was his contribution to the continual formalisation of the faith which the first Guru Guru Nanak had founded, as a religion, in the 15th century; and his promotion of the covering of one's hair with a turban. Guru Gobind Singh, the last of the living Sikh Gurus, initiated the Sikh Khalsa in 1699, passing the Guruship of the Sikhs to the Eleventh and Eternal Sikh Guru, the Guru Granth Sahib, the sacred Book of the Sikhs
Oct 9 Olympia Mancini Countess of Soissons the second eldest of the five celebrated Mancini sisters, who along with two of their female Martinozzi cousins, were known at the court of King Louis XIV of France as the Mazarinettes because their uncle was Louis XIV's chief minister, Cardinal Mazarin. Olympia was later to become the mother of the famous Austrian general Prince Eugene of Savoy. She also involved herself in various court intrigues including the notorious Poison Affair, which led to her expulsion from France
Oct 10 David Gregory (mathematician) a Scottish mathematician and astronomer. He was professor of mathematics at the University of Edinburgh, Savilian Professor of Astronomy at the University of Oxford, and a commentator on Isaac Newton's Principia
Oct 11 Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus a German mathematician, physicist, physician, and philosopher. He is considered by some to have been the inventor of European porcelain, an invention long accredited to Johann Friedrich Böttger but others claim porcelain had been made by English manufacturers at an even earlier date
Oct 18 Friedrich von Hessen-Darmstadt (1677–1708) a prince of Hesse-Darmstadt and Russian General.
Oct 21 Christian Weise a German writer, dramatist, poet, pedagogue and librarian of the Baroque era. He produced a large number of dramatic works, noted for their social criticism and idiomatic style. In the 1670s he started a fashion for German "political novels". He has also been credited with the invention of the mathematical Euler diagram, though this is uncertain
Oct 22 Hermann Witsius a Dutch theologian.
Oct 28 Prince George of Denmark the husband of Queen Anne, who reigned over Great Britain from 1702.
Nov 3 Countess Henriette Catherine of Nassau a daughter of Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange and his wife Amalia of Solms-Braunfels. Henriette was a member of the House of Orange-Nassau
Nov 17 Ludolf Bakhuizen a German-born Dutch Golden Age painter who was the leading Dutch painter of maritime subjects after the two Willem van de Veldes left for England in 1672.
Dec 5 Seki Takakazu a Japanese mathematician in the Edo period.
Dec 22 Hedvig Sophia of Sweden a Swedish princess and a Duchess Consort of Holstein-Gottorp, the eldest child of King Charles XI of Sweden, and his spouse Queen Ulrica Eleanor. She was heir presumptive to the Swedish throne until her death and the regent of the duchy of Holstein-Gottorp for her minor son from 1702 to 1708. Some sources refer to her as Sofia
Dec 28 Joseph Pitton de Tournefort a French botanist, notable as the first to make a clear definition of the concept of genus for plants. The botanist Charles Plumier had been his pupil and accompanied him on his voyages