Born in 1710

Jan 3 Richard Gridley born in Boston, Massachusetts. He was a soldier and engineer who served for the British Army during the French and Indian Wars and for the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War
Jan 4 Giovanni Battista Pergolesi an Italian composer, violinist and organist.
Jan 30 Raimondo di Sangro an Italian nobleman, inventor, soldier, writer, scientist, alchemist and freemason best remembered for his reconstruction of the Chapel of Sansevero in Naples.
Feb 1 Konrad Ernst Ackermann a German actor.
Feb 15 Louis XV of France a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France and Navarre from 1 September 1715 until his death. He succeeded his great-grandfather Louis XIV at the age of five. Until he reached maturity in 1723, his kingdom was ruled by Philippe II, Duke of Orléans as Regent of France; the duke was his maternal great-uncle, as well as first cousin twice removed patrilineally. Cardinal Fleury was his chief minister from 1726 until the Cardinal's death in 1743, at which time the young king took sole control of the kingdom
Mar 12 Thomas Arne an English composer, best known for the patriotic song Rule, Britannia!. He also wrote a version of God Save the King, which became the British national anthem, and the song A-Hunting We Will Arne was the leading British theatre composer of the 18th century, working at Drury Lane and Covent Garden
Apr 12 Caffarelli (castrato) an Italian castrato and opera singer, who took his stage name Caffarelli from Domenico Caffaro, his patron. Like Farinelli, Caffarelli was a student of Nicola Porpora
Apr 13 Jonathan Carver a colonial Massachusetts explorer and writer. He was born in Weymouth, Massachusetts and then moved with his family to Canterbury, Connecticut. He later married Abigail Robbins and became a shoemaker. He is believed to have had seven children
Apr 15 William Cullen a Scottish physician, chemist and agriculturalist, and one of the most important professors at the Edinburgh Medical School, during its heyday as the leading center of medical education in the English-speaking world.
Apr 15 Marie Anne de Cupis de Camargo a French/Belgian dancer. The first woman to execute the entrechat quatre, Camargo was also responsible for two innovations in ballet as she was the first dancer to wear slippers instead of heeled shoes, and she was the first female to wear the short calf-length ballet skirt and the now standardized ballet tights
Apr 17 Henry Erskine 10th Earl of Buchan a Scottish peer.
Apr 25 James Ferguson (Scottish astronomer) a Scottish astronomer, instrument and globe maker.
Apr 26 Thomas Reid a religiously trained Scottish philosopher, a contemporary of David Hume as well as "Hume's earliest and fiercest critic." He was the founder of the Scottish School of Common Sense and played an integral role in the Scottish Enlightenment. The early part of his life was spent in Aberdeen and he graduated from the University of Aberdeen. He began his career as a Minister of the Church of Scotland but ceased to be a Minister when he was given a professorship at King's College, Aberdeen in 1752. He obtained his doctorate and wrote An Inquiry Into the Human Mind on the Principles of Common Sense. He and his colleagues founded the 'Aberdeen Philosophical Society' which was popularly known as the 'Wise Club'. Shortly after the publication of his first book, he was given the prestigious Professorship of Moral Philosophy at the University of Glasgow when he was called to replace Adam Smith. He resigned from this position in 1781, after which he prepared his university lectures for publication in two books: Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man and Essays on the Active Powers of the Human Mind. Reid was buried at Blackfriars Church in the grounds of Glasgow College and when the university moved to Gilmorehill in the west of Glasgow, his tombstone was inserted in the main building. See separate article on Thomas Reid's tombstone
Apr 30 Johann Kaspar Basselet von La Rosée a leading Bavarian general.
May 14 Adolf Frederick King of Sweden King of Sweden from 1751 until his death. He was the son of Christian August of Holstein-Gottorp, Prince of Eutin and Albertina Frederica of Baden-Durlach
May 16 William Talbot 1st Earl Talbot a British politician.
May 18 Johann II Bernoulli the youngest of the three sons of Johann Bernoulli. He studied law and mathematics, and, after travelling in France, was for five years professor of eloquence in the university of his native city. In 1736 awarded the prize of the French Academy for his suggestive studies of Aether. On the death of his father he succeeded him as professor of mathematics. He was thrice a successful competitor for the prizes of the Academy of Sciences of Paris. His prize subjects were, the capstan, the propagation of light, and the magnet. He enjoyed the friendship of L. de Maupertuis, who died under his roof while on his way to Berlin. He himself died in 1790. His two sons, Johann and Jakob, are the last noted mathematicians of the Bernoulli family
Jun 21 James Short (mathematician) a Scottish mathematician, optician and telescope maker.
Jul 21 Paul Möhring a German physician, botanist and zoologist.
Aug 10 Princess Luise Dorothea of Saxe-Meiningen the daughter of Ernst Ludwig I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen and Dorothea Marie of Saxe-Gotha. She was the wife off Frederick III, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Aug 19 Charles Wyndham 2nd Earl of Egremont a British statesman who served as Secretary of State for the Southern Department 1761-63.
Aug 20 Thomas Simpson a British mathematician, inventor and eponym of Simpson's rule to approximate definite integrals. The attribution, as often in mathematics, can be debated: this rule had been found 100 years earlier by Johannes Kepler, and in German is the so-called Keplersche Fassregel
Aug 22 Johann August Nahl a German sculptor and stuccist.
Aug 27 Giuseppe Vasi an Italian engraver and architect, best known for his vedute.
Sep 3 Abraham Trembley a Swiss naturalist. He is best known for being the first to study freshwater polyps or hydra and for being among the first to develop experimental zoology. His mastery of experimental method has led some historians of science to credit him as the "father of biology"
Sep 25 Augustin Ehrensvärd a Swedish military officer, military architect, artist, creator of the Sveaborg fortress and the Swedish archipelago fleet. He was born in Fullerö Castle, Barkarö and died in Saris, Virmo
Sep 30 John Russell 4th Duke of Bedford an 18th-century British statesman. He was the fourth son of Wriothesley Russell, 2nd Duke of Bedford, by his wife, Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of John Howland of Streatham, Surrey. Known as Lord John Russell, he married in October 1731 Diana Spencer, daughter of Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl of Sunderland; became Duke of Bedford on his brother’s death a year later; and having lost his first wife in 1735, married in April 1737 Lady Gertrude Leveson-Gower , daughter of John Leveson-Gower, 1st Earl Gower
Oct 11 Christophe-Gabriel Allegrain a French sculptor who tempered a neoclassical style with Rococo charm and softness, under the influence of his much more famous brother-in-law, Jean-Baptiste Pigalle.
Oct 12 Jonathan Trumbull one of the few Americans who served as governor in both a pre-Revolutionary colony and a post-Revolutionary state. He was the only colonial governor at the start of the Revolution to take up the rebel cause
Oct 13 Alban Butler an English Roman Catholic priest and hagiographer.
Oct 16 András Hadik a Hungarian nobleman and Field Marshal of the Habsburg Army. He was Governor of Galicia and Lodomeria from January 1774 to June 1774, and the father of Karl Joseph Hadik von Futak. He is famous for capturing the Prussian capital Berlin during the Seven Years' War
Nov 8 Sarah Fielding a British author and sister of the novelist Henry Fielding. She was the author of The Governess, or The Little Female Academy , which was the first novel in English written especially for children , and had earlier achieved success with her novel The Adventures of David Simple
Nov 10 Adam Gottlob Moltke a Danish courtier, statesman and diplomat, born at Riesenhof in Mecklenburg.
Nov 13 Charles Simon Favart a French dramatist.
Nov 21 Paolo Renier a Venetian statesman, the 119th, and penultimate, Doge of Venice. He was considered a good orator and tactician, and served as ambassador to Constantinople and to Vienna. His election as Doge was unpopular, and he was the subject of numerous menacing letters at the time. Renier was succeeded as Doge by Ludovico Manin, who would be the last Doge of Venice. He married Giustina Dona in 1733, and Margherita Delmaz in 1751
Nov 22 Wilhelm Friedemann Bach a German composer and performer. Despite his acknowledged genius as an organist, improviser and composer, his income and employment were unstable and he died in poverty
Nov 27 Robert Lowth a Bishop of the Church of England, Oxford Professor of Poetry and the author of one of the most influential textbooks of English grammar.
Dec 2 Bertinazzi an Italian actor and author. Known to have traveled with Giacomo Casanovas mother, Zanetta Casanova, to Petersburg to perform for Empress Anne Iwanowa, only to return to Italy shortly after, when the Empress did not approve of the Italian Comedy