Died in 1710

Jan 1 William Bruce (architect) a Scottish gentleman-architect, "the effective founder of classical architecture in Scotland," as Howard Colvin observes. As a key figure in introducing the Palladian style into Scotland, he has been compared to the pioneering English architects Inigo Jones and Christopher Wren, and to the contemporaneous introducers of French style in English domestic architecture, Hugh May and Sir Roger Pratt
Jan 16 Emperor Higashiyama the 113th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
Jan 21 Johann Georg Gichtel a German mystic and religious leader who was a critic of Lutheranism. His followers ultimately separated from this faith
Jan 28 Alexandre Chevalier de Chaumont the first French ambassador for King Louis XIV in Siam. He was accompanied on his mission by Abbé de Choisy, the Jesuit Guy Tachard, and Father Bénigne Vachet of the Société des Missions Étrangères de Paris. He was also bringing back to Siam the two ambassadors of the 1684 First Siamese Embassy to France
Feb 16 Esprit Fléchier a French preacher and author, Bishop of Nîmes from 1687 to 1710.
Feb 25 Daniel Greysolon Sieur du Lhut the first European known to have visited the area where the city of Duluth, Minnesota is now located and the headwaters of the Mississippi River near Grand Rapids. His name is sometimes anglicized as "DuLuth", and he is the namesake of Duluth, Minnesota as well as Duluth, Georgia. Daniel Greysolon signed himself "Dulhut" on surviving manuscripts
Mar 4 Louis Prince of Condé (1668–1710) a Prince of the blood at the French court of Louis XIV. Styled as the Duke of Bourbon from birth, he succeeded his father as Prince of Condé in 1709. However, was known by the lesser ducal title. He was prince for less than a year. As a member of the reigning House of Bourbon, he was a prince du sang
Mar 14 Michel Bégon (1638–1710) a French ancien regime official. He was intendant de la marine at the port of Rochefort and intendant of the généralité of La Rochelle, as well as a passionate plant collector
Apr 24 Manuel de Oms 1st Marquis of Castelldosrius a Spanish diplomat, man of letters, and colonial official. From July 7, 1707 to April 22, 1710, he was viceroy of Peru
Apr 28 Thomas Betterton born in London.
May 10 Georg Dietrich Leyding a German composer and organist associated with the North German school.
May 13 Henry Duke of Saxe-Römhild a duke of Saxe-Römhild.
May 19 Stanisław Antoni Szczuka a Polish noble , talented politician and political writer.
Jun 1 David Mitchell (Royal Navy officer) a Scottish admiral. He descended from "a family of good repute, more distinguished for integrity than for riches", and was apprenticed at 16 to the master of a trading vessel from Leith, Edinburgh
Jun 7 Louise de La Vallière a mistress of Louis XIV of France from 1661 to 1667. She later became the Duchess of La Vallière and Duchess of Vaujours in her own right. Unlike her rival, Madame de Montespan, she has no surviving descendants. Louise was also very religious and she led a religious penance for herself near the end of her life
Jun 14 Johann Friedrich Alberti a German composer and organist.
Jul 2 Domenico Freschi an Italian composer and Roman Catholic priest. From the age of 22 until his death he worked as a church musician and composer in Vincenza. He was also active as an opera composer from 1671 to 1685
Jul 25 Gottfried Kirch a German astronomer and the first 'Astronomer Royal' in Berlin and, as such, director of the nascent Berlin Observatory.
Sep 14 Miguel Núñez de Sanabria a Spanish official in Peru and an oidor of the Audiencia of Lima. Twice he was interim viceroy of Peru , in virtue of his office as president of the Audiencia
Sep 19 Ole Rømer a Danish astronomer who in 1676 made the first quantitative measurements of the speed of light. In scientific literature alternative spellings such as "Roemer", "Römer", or "Romer" are common
Oct 19 Suzanne Henriette of Lorraine a member of the House of Lorraine and was the Duchess of Mantua by marriage. Her husband Ferdinand Charles Gonzaga was the last Gonzaga Duke of Mantua
Nov 21 Bernardo Pasquini an Italian composer of operas, oratorios, cantatas and keyboard music. A renowned virtuoso keyboard player in his day, he was one of the most important Italian composers for harpsichord between Girolamo Frescobaldi and Domenico Scarlatti, having also made substantial contributions to the opera and oratorio