Died in 1711

Jan 5 Mary Rowlandson a colonial American woman who was captured by Native Americans during King Philip's War and held for 11 weeks before being ransomed. In 1682, six years after her ordeal, The Sovereignty and Goodness of God: Being a Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson was published. This text is considered a seminal American work in the literary genre of captivity narratives. It went through four printings in 1682 and garnered readership both in the New England colonies and in England, leading it to be considered by some the first American "bestseller."
Jan 6 Philips van Almonde a Dutch Lieutenant Admiral, who served in his nation’s maritime conflicts of the 17th and early 18th centuries.
Jan 16 Joseph Vaz an Oratorian priest and missionary in Ceylon.
Jan 21 Frederick William Duke of Courland Duke of Courland and Semigallia from 1698 to 1711. Frederick Wilhelm was the son of Frederick Casimir Kettler and Elisabeth Sophie of Brandenburg. During his reign duchy was occupied by Swedish and later by Russian troops
Jan 27 Antoine de Pas de Feuquières a French soldier. He was the son of diplomat Isaac de Feuquières
Feb 3 Francesco Maria de' Medici Duke of Rovere and Montefeltro a member of the House of Medici. He was successively a Governor of Siena, cardinal and later the heir of the Duchies of Rovere and Montefeltro by right of his mother
Feb 20 Prince Alexander of Imereti (1674–1711) a Georgian royal prince of the Kingdom of Imereti who lived as an émigré in the Tsardom of Russia and subsequently served as an artillery commander under Tsar Peter I of Russia. During the Great Northern War, he was taken prisoner at Narva and spent ten years in Swedish captivity. He died on his way back to Russia
Mar 13 Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux a French poet and critic.
Mar 15 Eusebio Kino now a part of northern Italy. For the last 24 years of his life he worked in the region then known as the Pimería Alta, modern-day Sonora in Mexico and southern Arizona in the United States. He explored the region and worked with the indigenous Native American population, including primarily the Sobaipuri and other Upper Piman groups. He proved that Baja California is not an island by leading an overland expedition there. By the time of his death he had established 24 missions and visitas
Mar 19 Thomas Ken an English cleric who was considered the most eminent of the English non-juring bishops, and one of the fathers of modern English hymnology.
Apr 14 Louis Grand Dauphin the eldest son and heir of Louis XIV, King of France, and his spouse, Maria Theresa of Spain. As the heir apparent to the French throne, he was styled Dauphin. He became known as Le Grand Dauphin after the birth of his own son, Le Petit Dauphin. As he died before his father, he never became king
Apr 17 Joseph I Holy Roman Emperor Holy Roman Emperor from 1705 until his death in 1711. He was the eldest son of Emperor Leopold I from his third wife, Eleonor Magdalene of Neuburg. Joseph was crowned King of Hungary at the age of nine in 1687, and King in Germany at the age of eleven in 1690. He succeeded to the imperial throne and that of Bohemia when his father died
May 2 Laurence Hyde 1st Earl of Rochester an English statesman and writer. He was originally a supporter of James II but later supported the Glorious Revolution in 1688
May 12 Andrzej Chryzostom Załuski a seventeenth century Polish preacher, translator, prolific writer, Chancellor of the Crown and Bishop.
Jun 7 Henry Dodwell an Anglo-Irish scholar, theologian and controversial writer.
Jun 16 Maria Amalia of Courland a German noblewoman. A princess of Courland from the Ketteler family, she was also Landgravine of Hesse-Kassel via her marriage on 21 May 1673 to her first cousin Charles I, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel. She was the child of Jacob Kettler and Margravine Louise Charlotte of Brandenburg, eldest daughter of George William, Elector of Brandenburg
Jul 6 James Douglas 2nd Duke of Queensberry a Scottish nobleman.
Aug 6 Gregorio Vasquez de Arce y Ceballos a Colombian painter, including the Quitenian Miguel de Santiago, was one of the leading artist in the Latin American Baroque movement, which extended from the mid 17th to the late 18th century in the Viceroyalty of New Granada. Most of the artwork of Vázquez depicts the life of Christ, Virgin Mary, the Saints and scenes of the New Testament
Aug 22 Louis François duc de Boufflers a Marshal of France.
Aug 25 Edward Villiers 1st Earl of Jersey a British aristocrat from the Villiers family. He was created Baron Villiers and Viscount Villiers in 1691 and Earl of Jersey in 1697
Sep 3 Élisabeth Sophie Chéron remembered today primarily as a French painter, but she was acclaimed in her lifetime as a gifted poet, musician, artist, and academicienne.
Sep 27 Kaikhosro of Kartli a titular king of Kartli, eastern Georgia, from 1709 to 1711. He reigned in absentia since he served during the whole of this period as a Persian commander-in-chief in what is now Afghanistan
Nov 3 Ferdinand Tobias Richter an Austrian Baroque composer and organist.
Nov 3 John Ernest Grabe born at Königsberg, where his father, Martin Sylvester Grabe, was professor of theology and history.
Nov 16 John Mavrocordatos caimacam of Moldavia and Prince of Wallachia between 2 December 1716 and 23 February 1719. He was a member of the Mavrocordatos family
Dec 19 Philip William Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt a Prussian Prince, was the first owner of the Prussian secundogeniture of Brandenburg-Schwedt and governor of Magdeburg from 1692 to 1711.
Dec 19 Đorđe Branković Count of Podgorica a Transylvanian Serb diplomat, writer, and self-proclaimed descendant of the medieval Serbian Branković dynasty. He served as the agent representing the ruler of Transylvania at the Ottoman Porte. In 1680, he moved to Wallachia, whose ruler sent him as an emissary to the Habsburg Emperor Leopold I in 1688. That year, the emperor conferred the title of Imperial Count on Branković. After Habsburg troops captured parts of Serbia from the Ottoman Empire during the Great Turkish War, Branković attempted to restore the medieval Serbian state with him as its hereditary ruler. His venture failed in its inception, and Habsburg authorities arrested him in 1689. He lived on as a captive in Vienna and Cheb, though he was not held in a prison. He wrote Slavo-Serbian Chronicles, which was influential in the development of early modern Serbian historiography
Dec 25 Johann Nikolaus Hanff a North German organist and composer. Hanff was born in Wechmar in Thuringia and worked in Eutin, Hamburg and Schleswig