1712 in history

1712 events chronologically

Feb 29 February 29 is followed by February 30 in Sweden, in a move to abolish the Swedish calendar for a return to the Old style
Apr 6 The New York Slave Revolt of 1712 begins near Broadway
Jul 31 Action of 31 July 1712 (Great Northern War): Danish and Swedish ships clash in the Baltic Sea; the result is inconclusive
Oct 3 The Duke of Montrose issues a warrant for the arrest of Rob Roy MacGregor

Top 7 most famous people born in 1712

Jan 24 Frederick the Great II reigned over the Kingdom of Prussia from 1740 until 1786. The third Hohenzollern king, Frederick is best known for his military victories, his reorganization of Prussian armies, his patronage of the Arts and the Enlightenment in Prussia, and his final success against great odds in the Seven Years' War. He became known as Frederick the Great and was nicknamed Der Alte Fritz by the Prussian people
Feb 28 Louis-Joseph de Montcalm a French soldier best known as the commander of the forces in North America during the Seven Years' War.
Jun 28 Jean-Jacques Rousseau a Genevan philosopher, writer, and composer of the 18th century. His political philosophy influenced the French Revolution as well as the overall development of modern political, sociological, and educational thought
Oct 5 Francesco Guardi a Venetian painter of veduta, a member of the Venetian School. He is considered to be among the last practitioners, along with his brothers, of the classic Venetian school of painting
Oct 14 George Grenville a British Whig statesman who rose to the position of Prime Minister of Great Britain. Grenville was born into an influential political family and first entered Parliament in 1741 as an MP for Buckingham. He emerged as one of Cobham's Cubs, a group of young members of Parliament associated with Lord Cobham
Dec 11 Francesco Algarotti a Venetian polymath, philosopher, poet, essayist, anglophile, art critic and art collector. He was "one of the first Esprits cavaliers of the age," a man of broad knowledge, an expert in Newtonianism, architecture and music and a friend of most of the leading authors of his times: Voltaire, Jean-Baptiste de Boyer, Marquis d'Argens, Pierre-Louis de Maupertuis and the atheist Julien Offray de La Mettrie
Dec 12 Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine a Lorraine-born Austrian general and soldier, governor and de facto sovereign of the Austrian Netherlands, and sometime duke of Lorraine.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1712

Feb 12 Marie Adélaïde of Savoy the wife of Louis, Dauphin of France, Duke of Burgundy. She was the eldest daughter of Duke Victor Amadeus II of Savoy and of Anne Marie d'Orléans. Her betrothal to the Duke of Burgundy in June 1696 was part of the Treaty of Turin, signed on 29 August 1696. She was the mother of the future King Louis XV of France. Styled as Duchess of Burgundy after her marriage, she became Dauphine of France upon the death of her father-in-law, Le Grand Dauphin, in 1711. She died of measles in 1712, followed by her husband a week later
Feb 18 Louis Dauphin of France Duke of Burgundy the eldest son of Louis, Dauphin of France. Until he became the official Dauphin of France upon his father's death in 1711, he was known as Le Petit Dauphin to distinguish him from his father, who was known as le Grand Dauphin
Apr 11 Richard Simon (priest) a French priest and longtime Oratorian, who was an influential biblical critic, orientalist and controversialist.
Jun 11 Louis Joseph Duke of Vendôme a French military commander during the War of the Grand Alliance and War of the Spanish Succession, Marshal of France.
Jul 12 Richard Cromwell the second ruling Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland, serving for just under nine months, from 3 September 1658 until 25 May 1659. After his fall from power, he was given the unflattering nicknames of Tumbledown Dick and Queen Dick by Royalists
Jul 12 Thomas Osborne 1st Duke of Leeds KG , English statesman , served in a variety of offices under Kings Charles II and William III of England.
Sep 14 Giovanni Domenico Cassini an Italian mathematician, astronomer, engineer, and astrologer. Cassini, also known as Gian Domenico Cassini, was born in Perinaldo, near Imperia, at that time in the County of Nice under the control of the Republic of Genoa. Cassini is known for his work in the fields of astronomy and engineering. Cassini most notably discovered four satellites of the planet Saturn and noted the division of the rings of Saturn. Giovanni Domenico Cassini was also the first of his family to begin work on the project of creating a topographic map of France. Launched in 1997, the Cassini spaceprobe was named after him and became the fourth to visit Saturn and the first to orbit the planet