Died in 1712

Feb 2 Martin Lister an English naturalist and physician.
Feb 12 Marie Adélaïde of Savoy the wife of Louis, Dauphin of France, Duke of Burgundy. She was the eldest daughter of Duke Victor Amadeus II of Savoy and of Anne Marie d'Orléans. Her betrothal to the Duke of Burgundy in June 1696 was part of the Treaty of Turin, signed on 29 August 1696. She was the mother of the future King Louis XV of France. Styled as Duchess of Burgundy after her marriage, she became Dauphine of France upon the death of her father-in-law, Le Grand Dauphin, in 1711. She died of measles in 1712, followed by her husband a week later
Feb 18 Louis Dauphin of France Duke of Burgundy the eldest son of Louis, Dauphin of France. Until he became the official Dauphin of France upon his father's death in 1711, he was known as Le Petit Dauphin to distinguish him from his father, who was known as le Grand Dauphin
Feb 22 Nicolas Catinat a French military commander and Marshal of France under Louis XIV. The son of a magistrate, Catinat was born in Paris on 1 September 1637. He entered the Gardes Françaises at an early age and distinguished himself at the Siege of Lille in 1667
Feb 27 Bahadur Shah I the 8th emperor of the Mughal Empire, who ruled India from 1707 to 1712. His original name was Qutb ud-Din Muhammad Mu'azzam later titled as Shah Alam by his father. He took the throne name Bahadur Shah in 1707. His name Bahādur means "brave" & "hero" in Turko-Mongol languages. Reigning just five years, he was an old man of 63 when he came to power. He made settlements with the Marathas, pacified the Rajputs, and briefly became friendly with the Sikhs in the Punjab. He travelled throughout his reign and only came to rest in Lahore during the last few months of his life
Mar 8 Louis Dauphin of France Duke of Brittany the first son of Louis of France, Duke of Burgundy, and Marie Adélaïde of Savoy.
Mar 16 Johann Georg Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels a duke of Saxe-Weissenfels-Querfurt and a member of the House of Wettin.
Mar 18 Azim-ush-Shan the second son of Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah I, by his second wife, Maharajkumari Amrita Bai Sahiba. He was also the grandson of emperor Aurangzeb, during whose reign, he was the subedar of Bengal Subah, Bihar and Odisha from 1697 to his death in 1712, at the age of 47
Mar 25 Nehemiah Grew an English plant anatomist and physiologist, very famously known as the "Father of Plant Anatomy".
Mar 30 Jahan Shah (Mughal prince) the fourth son of Emperor Bahadur Shah He was made Subahdar of Malwa and raised to an Imperial Mansab of 30,000 Zat and 20,000 Sawar. After his father's death, he sided with his brother Mu'izz-ud-Din and defeated his other brother, Azim-ush-Shan in 1712. But Mu'izz-ud-Din disagreed with him over the distribution of the Imperial treasury and fought a battle against him in which he was killed along with his eldest son Farkhunda Akhtar
Apr 5 Jan Luyken a Dutch poet, illustrator and engraver.
Apr 10 Yusuf Nabi a Turkish Divan poet in the court of Mehmet He was famous for "his brilliant lyrics filled with popular sayings and critiques of the age and verses commemorating innumerable important occasions.".
Apr 11 Richard Simon (priest) a French priest and longtime Oratorian, who was an influential biblical critic, orientalist and controversialist.
Apr 29 Juan Bautista Cabanilles a Spanish organist and composer at Valencia Cathedral. He is considered by many to have been the greatest Spanish Baroque composer, and has been called the Spanish Bach
Apr 30 Philipp van Limborch born at Amsterdam, where his father was a lawyer.
May 8 Gatien de Courtilz de Sandras a French novelist, journalist, pamphleteer and memorialist.
May 20 Christian Ernst Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth a member of the House of Hohenzollern and Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth.
May 30 Andrea Lanzani an Italian painter of the Baroque period.
Jun 11 Louis Joseph Duke of Vendôme a French military commander during the War of the Grand Alliance and War of the Spanish Succession, Marshal of France.
Jun 16 Hans-Adam I Prince of Liechtenstein the son of Karl Eusebius, Prince of Liechtenstein and Johanna Beatrix, Princess von Dietrichstein zu Nikolsburg.
Jun 24 Simon van der Stel the last Commander and first Governor of the Cape Colony, the Dutch settlement at the Cape of Good Hope in South Africa.
Jul 4 Johann Kasimir Kolbe von Wartenberg the first ever Minister-President of the kingdom of Prussia, and the head of the "Cabinet of Three Counts".
Jul 12 Thomas Osborne 1st Duke of Leeds KG , English statesman , served in a variety of offices under Kings Charles II and William III of England.
Jul 12 Richard Cromwell the second ruling Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland, serving for just under nine months, from 3 September 1658 until 25 May 1659. After his fall from power, he was given the unflattering nicknames of Tumbledown Dick and Queen Dick by Royalists
Jul 30 Paul Tallement the Younger a French churchman and scholar.
Aug 3 Joshua Barnes an English scholar. His work Gerania; a New Discovery of a Little Sort of People, anciently discoursed of, called Pygmies was an Utopian romance
Aug 7 Friedrich Wilhelm Zachow a German musician and composer of vocal and keyboard music.
Aug 11 Magdalena Sibylla of Hesse-Darmstadt regent of the Duchy of Württemberg from 1677 to 1693, and was a prominent German composer of baroque hymns.
Aug 18 Richard Savage 4th Earl Rivers the second son of Thomas, 3rd Earl; and after the death about 1680 of his elder brother Thomas, styled Viscount Colchester, he was designated by that title until he succeeded to the peerage.
Aug 22 Sophie Marie of Hesse-Darmstadt a member of the House of Hesse and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Eisenberg.
Aug 26 Sebastian Anton Scherer a German composer and organist of the Baroque era.
Aug 29 Gregory King an English genealogist, engraver and statistician.
Sep 12 Jan van der Heyden a Dutch Baroque-era painter, draughtsman, printmaker, a mennonite and inventor who significantly contributed to contemporary firefighting. He improved the fire hose in 1672, with his brother Nicolaes, who was a hydraulic engineer. He modified the manual fire engines, reorganised the volunteer fire brigade and wrote and illustrated the first firefighting manual. A comprehensive street lighting scheme for Amsterdam, which lasted from 1669 until 1840, designed and implemented by Van der Heyden, was adopted as a model by many other towns and abroad
Sep 14 Giovanni Domenico Cassini an Italian mathematician, astronomer, engineer, and astrologer. Cassini, also known as Gian Domenico Cassini, was born in Perinaldo, near Imperia, at that time in the County of Nice under the control of the Republic of Genoa. Cassini is known for his work in the fields of astronomy and engineering. Cassini most notably discovered four satellites of the planet Saturn and noted the division of the rings of Saturn. Giovanni Domenico Cassini was also the first of his family to begin work on the project of creating a topographic map of France. Launched in 1997, the Cassini spaceprobe was named after him and became the fourth to visit Saturn and the first to orbit the planet
Sep 15 Sidney Godolphin 1st Earl of Godolphin a leading British politician of the late 17th and early 18th centuries. He was a Privy Councillor and Secretary of State for the Northern Department before attaining real power as First Lord of the Treasury. He was instrumental in negotiating and passing the Acts of Union 1707 with Scotland, which created the Kingdom of Great Britain
Sep 23 Thomas Halyburton a Scottish divine.
Nov 6 Johann Bernhard Staudt an Austrian Jesuit composer.
Nov 12 Tokugawa Ienobu the sixth shogun of the Tokugawa dynasty of Japan. He was the eldest son of Tokugawa Tsunashige, thus making him the nephew of Tokugawa Ietsuna and Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, the grandson of Tokugawa Iemitsu, the great-grandson of Tokugawa Hidetada, and the great-great grandson of Tokugawa Ieyasu
Nov 15 Charles Mohun 4th Baron Mohun an English politician best known for his frequent participation in duels and for his reputation as a rake.
Nov 15 James Hamilton 4th Duke of Hamilton a Scottish nobleman, the Premier Peer of Scotland and Keeper of the Palace of Holyroodhouse. He was a Master of the Great Wardrobe, Master-General of the Ordnance, Ambassador, and Colonel-in-Chief of his regiment. Hamilton was a major investor in the failed Darien Scheme, which cost many of Scotland's ruling class their fortunes, and he played a leading role in the events leading up to the Act of Union in 1707. He died on 15 November 1712 as the result of a duel in Hyde Park, Westminster, with Charles Mohun, 4th Baron Mohun, over a disputed inheritance