1713 in history

1713 events chronologically

Feb 1 The Kalabalik or Tumult in Bendery results from the Ottoman sultan's order that his unwelcome guest, King Charles XII of Sweden, be seized
Mar 1 The siege and destruction of Fort Neoheroka begins during the Tuscarora War in North Carolina, effectively opening up the colony's interior to European colonization
Mar 22 The Tuscarora War comes to an end with the fall of Fort Neoheroka, effectively opening up the interior of North Carolina to European colonization
Apr 11 War of the Spanish Succession (Queen Anne's War): Treaty of Utrecht
Apr 19 With no living male heirs, Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor, issues the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713 to ensure that Habsburg lands and the Austrian throne would be inherited by his daughter, Maria Theresa of Austria (not actually born until 1717)
Jun 23 The French residents of Acadia are given one year to declare allegiance to Britain or leave Nova Scotia, Canada

Top 7 most famous people born in 1713

May 13 Alexis Clairaut a prominent French mathematician, astronomer, geophysicist, and intellectual.
May 25 John Stuart 3rd Earl of Bute a Scottish nobleman who served as Prime Minister of Great Britain under George III, and was arguably the last important favourite in British politics. He was the first Prime Minister from Scotland following the Acts of Union in 1707
Sep 23 Ferdinand VI of Spain King of Spain from 9 July 1746 until his death. He was the fourth son of the previous monarch Philip V and his first wife Maria Luisa of Savoy. Ferdinand, the third member of the Spanish Bourbon dynasty, was born in Madrid on 23 September 1713
Oct 5 Denis Diderot a French philosopher, art critic and writer. He was a prominent figure during the Enlightenment and is best known for serving as co-founder, chief editor and contributor to the Encyclopédie along with Jean le Rond d'Alembert
Nov 24 Laurence Sterne an Anglo-Irish novelist and an Anglican clergyman. He is best known for his novels The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman and A Sentimental Journey Through France and Italy; but he also published many sermons, wrote memoirs, and was involved in local politics. Sterne died in London after years of fighting consumption
Nov 24 Junípero Serra a Spanish Franciscan friar who founded a mission in Baja California and the first nine of 21 Spanish missions in California from San Diego to San Francisco, which at the time were in Alta California of the Las Californias Province in New Spain. He began in San Diego on July 16, 1769, and established his headquarters near Monterey, California, at Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo
Dec 29 Nicolas Louis de Lacaille a French astronomer. Note that the birth date given here is that of his baptism; babies were normally baptised on the day that they were born. The traditional birth date of 15 March 1713 has been questioned due to many infants of the Roman Catholic Church being baptised on the day of their birth in the 17th and 18th centuries

Top 7 most famous people died in 1713

Jan 5 Jean Chardin regarded as one of the finest works of early Western scholarship on Persia and the Near East.
Jan 8 Arcangelo Corelli an Italian violinist and composer of the Baroque era.
Feb 4 Anthony Ashley-Cooper 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury an English politician, philosopher and writer.
Feb 25 Frederick I of Prussia Elector of Brandenburg and Duke of Prussia in personal union. The latter function he upgraded to royalty, becoming the first King in Prussia. From 1707 he was in personal union the sovereign prince of the Principality of Neuchâtel. He was also the paternal grandfather of Frederick the Great
Mar 17 Juraj Jánošík a famous Slovak highwayman. Jánošík has been the main character of many Slovak and Polish legends, novels, poems and films. He is a semi-legendary character in Central Europe
Mar 26 Paul I Prince Esterházy the first Prince Esterházy of Galántha from 1687 to 1713, Palatine of the Kingdom of Hungary from 1681 to 1713, and an Imperial Field Marshal. Paul was also an accomplished poet, harpsichordist, and composer. He actively participated in various battles against the Ottoman Turks during the Fourth Austro-Turkish War and the Great Turkish War. Paul is credited with establishing the wealth, power, and influence of the Princely House of Esterházy
Oct 31 Ferdinando de' Medici Grand Prince of Tuscany the eldest son of Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, and Marguerite Louise d'Orléans. Ferdinando was heir to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, with the title Grand Prince, from his father's accession in 1670 until his death in 1713. He is remembered today primarily as a patron of music. An excellent musician himself , he attracted top musicians to Florence and thus made it an important musical center. Through his patronage of Bartolomeo Cristofori, Ferdinando made possible the invention of the piano in 1700