Born in 1713

Jan 2 Marie Dumesnil a French actress.
Jan 7 Giovanni Battista Locatelli an Italian opera director, impresario and owner of a private opera company.
Mar 5 Edward Cornwallis a British military officer who was the first Governor of Nova Scotia at Halifax, Nova Scotia. He later served as the Governor of Gibraltar
Mar 5 Frederick Cornwallis Archbishop of Canterbury, and the twin brother of Edward Cornwallis.
Mar 12 Johann Adolph Hass a German clavichord and harpsichord maker, the son of Hieronymus Albrecht Hass, who was also a clavier maker. He should not be confused with the German composer Johann Adolph Hasse
Mar 21 Francis Lewis a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence as a representative of New York.
Mar 29 John Ponsonby (politician) an Irish politician.
Apr 7 Nicola Sala an Italian composer and music theorist. He was born in Tocco Caudio and died in Naples. He was chapel-master and professor at Naples, having devoted himself to the collection of the finest models of printed music
Apr 10 John Whitehurst a clockmaker and scientist, and made significant early contributions to geology. He was an influential member of the Lunar Society
Apr 12 Guillaume Thomas François Raynal a French writer and man of letters during the Age of Enlightenment.
Apr 13 Pierre Jélyotte a French operatic tenor, particularly associated with works by Rameau, Lully, Campra, Mondonville and Destouches.
Apr 17 Samuel Graves probably best known for his role early in the American War of Independence.
Apr 21 Louis de Noailles a French peer and Marshal of France. He was the son of Françoise Charlotte d'Aubigné, niece of Madame de Maintenon, and a nephew of Marie Victoire de Noailles, daughter-in-law of Louis XIV of France
May 6 Charles Batteux a French philosopher and writer on aesthetics.
May 13 Alexis Clairaut a prominent French mathematician, astronomer, geophysicist, and intellectual.
May 15 Edward Wortley Montagu an English author and traveller.
May 25 Andrzej Mokronowski a notable member of the Polish szlachta, a politician and general of the Polish Army.
May 25 John Stuart 3rd Earl of Bute a Scottish nobleman who served as Prime Minister of Great Britain under George III, and was arguably the last important favourite in British politics. He was the first Prime Minister from Scotland following the Acts of Union in 1707
Jun 10 Princess Caroline of Great Britain the fourth child and third daughter of George II.
Jun 11 Edward Capell an English Shakespearian critic.
Jun 16 Meshech Weare an American farmer, lawyer and revolutionary statesman from Seabrook and Hampton Falls, New Hampshire. He served as the first President of New Hampshire from 1776 to 1785
Jun 22 Lord John Sackville the second son of Lionel Sackville, 1st Duke of Dorset. He was a keen cricketer who was closely connected with the sport in Kent
Jul 9 John Newbery an English publisher of books who first made children's literature a sustainable and profitable part of the literary market. He also supported and published the works of Christopher Smart, Oliver Goldsmith and Samuel Johnson. In honor of his achievements in children's publishing, the Newbery Medal was named after him
Jul 22 Jacques-Germain Soufflot a French architect in the international circle that introduced neoclassicism. His most famous work is the Panthéon in Paris, built from 1755 onwards, originally as a church dedicated to Saint Genevieve
Aug 1 Charles I Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel ruling as Prince of Wolfenbüttel from 1735 until his death.
Aug 4 Princess Elisabeth Albertine of Saxe-Hildburghausen a Duchess consort of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. She served as regent for her son after the death of her spouse
Aug 6 Marie Sophie de Courcillon a French noblewoman and Duchess of Rohan-Rohan as well as Princess of Soubise by marriage. She was the grand daughter of Philippe de Courcillon, better known as the marquis de Dangeau. She was praised for being a cultured woman for the age and held a fashionable salon at the Hôtel de Soubise in Paris. She was painted by Nattier
Sep 10 John Needham an English biologist and Roman Catholic priest.
Sep 14 Johann Kies a German astronomer and mathematician. Born in Tübingen, Kies worked in Berlin in 1751 alongside Jérôme Lalande in order to make observations on the lunar parallax in concert with those of Nicolas Louis de Lacaille at the Cape of Good Hope
Sep 23 Ferdinand VI of Spain King of Spain from 9 July 1746 until his death. He was the fourth son of the previous monarch Philip V and his first wife Maria Luisa of Savoy. Ferdinand, the third member of the Spanish Bourbon dynasty, was born in Madrid on 23 September 1713
Oct 3 Antoine Dauvergne a French composer and violinist.
Oct 5 Denis Diderot a French philosopher, art critic and writer. He was a prominent figure during the Enlightenment and is best known for serving as co-founder, chief editor and contributor to the Encyclopédie along with Jean le Rond d'Alembert
Oct 7 Granville Elliott a British military officer. He served with distinction in several other European armies and subsequently in the British Army. He fought at the Battle of Minden where he was wounded, dying of his injuries several weeks later
Oct 8 Yechezkel Landau an influential authority in halakha. He is best known for the work Noda Biyhudah , by which title he is also known
Oct 12 Johann Ludwig Krebs a Baroque musician and composer primarily for the pipe organ.
Oct 13 Allan Ramsay (artist) a prominent Scottish portrait-painter.
Oct 21 James Steuart (economist) a prominent Jacobite and author of "probably the first systematic treatise written in English about economics" and the first book in English with 'political economy' in the title. He assumed the surname of Denham late in life; he inherited his cousin's baronetcy of Coltness in 1773
Oct 23 Pieter Burman the Younger a Dutch philologist, born at Amsterdam.
Nov 1 Antonio Genovesi an Italian writer on philosophy and political economy.
Nov 24 Junípero Serra a Spanish Franciscan friar who founded a mission in Baja California and the first nine of 21 Spanish missions in California from San Diego to San Francisco, which at the time were in Alta California of the Las Californias Province in New Spain. He began in San Diego on July 16, 1769, and established his headquarters near Monterey, California, at Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo
Nov 24 Laurence Sterne an Anglo-Irish novelist and an Anglican clergyman. He is best known for his novels The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman and A Sentimental Journey Through France and Italy; but he also published many sermons, wrote memoirs, and was involved in local politics. Sterne died in London after years of fighting consumption
Dec 4 Gasparo Gozzi an Venetian critic and dramatist.
Dec 10 Johann Nicolaus Mempel a German musician.
Dec 14 Martin Knutzen a German philosopher, a disciple of Alexander Baumgarten and teacher of Immanuel Kant, to whom he introduced the physics of Newton.
Dec 15 Welbore Ellis 1st Baron Mendip a British statesman. He held a number of political offices, including briefly serving as Secretary for the Colonies in 1782 during the American War of Independence
Dec 23 Maruyama Gondazaemon a sumo wrestler. He is formally recognised as the third yokozuna. His real name was Haga Gindayu. He came from a village in the Sendai Domain
Dec 29 Nicolas Louis de Lacaille a French astronomer. Note that the birth date given here is that of his baptism; babies were normally baptised on the day that they were born. The traditional birth date of 15 March 1713 has been questioned due to many infants of the Roman Catholic Church being baptised on the day of their birth in the 17th and 18th centuries