Born in 1715

Jan 9 Robert-François Damiens a French domestic servant whose attempted assassination of King Louis XV of France in 1757 culminated in his notorious and controversial public execution. He was the last person to be executed in France by drawing and quartering, the traditional and gruesome form of death penalty used for regicides
Jan 10 Christian August Crusius a German philosopher and Protestant theologian.
Jan 12 Jacques Duphly a French harpsichordist and composer.
Jan 26 Claude Adrien Helvétius a French philosopher and littérateur.
Jan 29 Georg Christoph Wagenseil an Austrian composer.
Feb 5 Baltazar Adam Krčelić a Croatian historian, theologian and lawyer.
Feb 12 William Whitehead (poet) an English poet and playwright. He became Poet Laureate in 1757 after Thomas Gray declined the position
Mar 4 James Waldegrave 2nd Earl Waldegrave a British statesman.
Mar 7 Ephraim Williams a soldier from the Province of Massachusetts Bay who was killed in the French and Indian War. He was the benefactor of Williams College, located in northwestern Massachusetts. The school's athletic programs, the Ephs , are named after Williams
Mar 7 Ewald Christian von Kleist a German poet and officer.
Apr 3 William Watson (scientist) an English physician and scientist who was born and died in London. His early work was in botany, and he helped to introduce the work of Carolus Linnaeus into England. He became a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1741 and vice president in 1772
Apr 11 John Alcock (organist) an English organist and composer. He wrote instrumental music, glees and much church music
Apr 19 James Nares an English composer of mostly sacred vocal works, though he also composed for the harpsichord and organ.
Apr 23 Johann Friedrich Doles a German composer and pupil of J.S. Bach
Apr 28 Franz Sparry a composer of the Baroque period.
May 4 Hieronim Florian Radziwiłł a Polish-Lithuanian szlachcic.
May 4 Richard Graves an English minister, poet, and novelist.
May 11 Johann Gottfried Bernhard Bach the fourth child of Johann Sebastian Bach and Maria Barbara Bach to reach adulthood. Born in Weimar, he attended the Thomasschule in Leipzig, his father providing for his musical formation. In contrast to his elder brothers Wilhelm Friedemann and Carl Philipp Emanuel he did not get the opportunity to study at the university after finishing school. Instead, he competed for a post as musician
May 11 Ignazio Fiorillo an Italian composer. He is known as an author of opera seria, often composed to the libretti of Pietro Metastasio
May 22 François-Joachim de Pierre de Bernis a French cardinal and statesman. He was the sixth member elected to occupy seat 3 of the Académie française in 1744
Jul 4 Christian Fürchtegott Gellert a German poet, one of the forerunners of the golden age of German literature that was ushered in by Lessing.
Jul 11 Jean-Joseph Balechou a French engraver.
Jul 16 Charles Prince of Soubise a military man, and a minister to the kings Louis XV and Louis XVI. The last male of his branch of the House of Rohan, he was also the great grandfather to the duc d'Enghien, executed by Napoleon in 1804. Styled prince d'Epinoy at birth, he became the Prince of Soubise after 1749
Jul 17 Fredericka of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg a German noblewoman member of the House of Wettin and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Weissenfels.
Aug 6 Luc de Clapiers marquis de Vauvenargues a minor French writer, a moralist. He died at age 31, in broken health, having published the year prior—anonymously—a collection of essays and aphorisms with the encouragement of Voltaire, his friend. He first received public notice under his own name in 1797, and from 1857 on, his aphorisms became popular. In the history of French literature, his significance lies chiefly in his friendship with Voltaire
Sep 15 Jean-Baptiste Vaquette de Gribeauval a French artillery officer and engineer who revolutionized French cannon, creating a new production system that allowed lighter, more uniform guns without sacrificing range. His Gribeauval system superseded the de Vallière system. These guns proved essential to French military victories during the Napoleonic wars. Gribeauval is credited as the earliest known advocate for interchangeability of gun parts. He is thus one of the principal influences on the later development of interchangeable manufacture
Sep 22 Jean-Étienne Guettard born at Étampes, near Paris.
Oct 1 Richard Jago an English poet. He was the third son of Richard Jago, Rector of Beaudesert, Warwickshire
Oct 2 Domenico Caracciolo diplomat and politician in the Kingdom of Naples.
Oct 5 Victor de Riqueti marquis de Mirabeau a French economist of the Physiocratic school. He was the father of great Honoré, Comte de Mirabeau and is, in distinction, often referred to as the elder Mirabeau
Oct 8 Michel Benoist most noted for the waterworks he constructed for the emperor.
Oct 23 Peter II of Russia the Emperor of Russia from 1727 until his death. He was the only son of Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich, son of Peter I of Russia by his first consort Eudoxia Lopukhina, and Princess Charlotte of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Nov 5 Johann Georg Wille a notable German engraver active in Germany and France.
Nov 5 John Brown (essayist) an English divine and author.
Nov 8 Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern Queen of Prussia from 1740 to 1786 as the spouse of Frederick the Great. By birth, she was a Duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. She was also the longest serving queen of Prussia
Nov 12 Kajetan Sołtyk a Polish Catholic priest, bishop of Kiev from 1756, bishop of Cracow from 13 March 1759.
Nov 13 Dorothea Erxleben the first female medical doctor in Germany.
Nov 16 Girolamo Abos a Maltese-Italian composer of both operas and church music.
Nov 20 Pierre Charles Le Monnier a French astronomer. His name is sometimes given as Lemonnier
Dec 9 Joseph Marie Terray a Controller-General of Finances during the reign of Louis XV of France, an agent of fiscal reform.
Dec 12 Gennaro Manna an Italian composer based in Naples. His compositional output includes 13 operas and more than 150 sacred works, including several oratorios. See Italian Wikipedia
Dec 21 François-Vincent Toussaint a French writer most famous for Les Mœurs. The book was published in 1748 and was soon prosecuted and burned by the French court of justice
Dec 21 Gottlieb Heinrich Totleben a Saxon-born Russian Empire general known for his adventurism and contradictory military career.
Dec 27 Philippe de Noailles a younger brother of Louis de Noailles, and a more distinguished soldier than his brother. He was the son of Françoise Charlotte d'Aubigné, niece of Madame de Maintenon