Died in 1715

Jan 7 François Fénelon a French Roman Catholic archbishop, theologian, poet and writer. He today is remembered mostly as the author of The Adventures of Telemachus, first published in 1699
Jan 29 Bernard Lamy a French Oratorian mathematician and theologian.
Feb 17 Antoine Galland a French orientalist and archaeologist, most famous as the first European translator of One Thousand and One Nights which he called Les mille et une nuits. His version of the tales appeared in twelve volumes between 1704 and 1717 and exerted a huge influence on subsequent European literature and attitudes to the Islamic world
Feb 21 Charles Calvert 3rd Baron Baltimore inherited the colony in 1675 upon the death of his father, Cecil Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore. He had been his father's Deputy Governor since 1661 when he arrived in the colony at the age of 24. However, Charles left Maryland for England in 1684 and would never return. The events following the Glorious Revolution in England in 1688 would cost Calvert his title to Maryland; in 1689 the royal charter to the colony was withdrawn, leading to direct rule by the British Crown. Calvert's political problems were largely caused by his Roman Catholic faith which was at odds with the established Church of England. Calvert married four times, outliving three wives, and had at least two children. He died in England in 1715 at the age of 78, his family fortunes much diminished. With his death he passed his title, and his claim to Maryland, to his second son Benedict Leonard Calvert, 4th Baron Baltimore , his eldest son Cecil having died young. However, Benedict Calvert would outlive his father by just two months, and It would fall to Charles' grandson, Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore, , to see the family proprietorship in Maryland restored by the king
Feb 25 Pu Songling a Qing Dynasty Chinese writer, best known as the author of Strange Stories from a Chinese Studio.
Mar 17 Gilbert Burnet a Scottish theologian and historian, and Bishop of Salisbury. He was fluent in Dutch, French, Latin, Greek, and Hebrew. Burnet was respected as a cleric, a preacher, and an academic, as well as a writer and historian. He was associated with the Whig party
Mar 27 August Duke of Saxe-Merseburg-Zörbig a German prince and member of the House of Wettin.
May 8 Marie Mancini the third of the five Mancini sisters; nieces to Cardinal Mazarin who were brought to France to marry advantageously. Along with two of their female Martinozzi cousins, the Mancini sisters were known at the court of King Louis XIV of France as the Mazarinettes
May 19 Charles Montagu 1st Earl of Halifax an English poet and statesman.
May 21 Pierre Magnol a French botanist. He was born in the city of Montpellier, where he lived and worked for the biggest part of his life. He eventually became Professor of Botany and Director of the Royal Botanic Garden of Montpellier and even held a seat in the Académie Royale des Sciences de Paris for a short while. Magnol is of lasting importance because he was one of the innovators of the current botanical scheme of classification. He was the first to publish the concept of plant families as we know them, a natural classification, in which groups of plants with associated common features were described
Jun 19 Nicolas Lemery born at Rouen. He was one of the first to develop theories on acid-base chemistry
Jun 25 Jean-Baptiste du Casse a French buccaneer, admiral, and colonial administrator who served throughout the Atlantic World during the 17th and 18th centuries. Likely born August 2, 1646, in Saubusse, near Pau , to a Huguenot family, du Casse joined the French merchant marine and served in the East India Company and the slave-trading Compagnie du Sénégal. Later, he joined the French Navy and took part in several victorious expeditions during the War of the League of Augsburg in the West Indies and Spanish South America. During the War of the Spanish Succession, he participated in several key naval battles, including the Battle of Málaga and the siege of Barcelona. For his service, he was made a knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece by King Philip V of Spain. In the midst of these wars, he was Governor of the colony of Saint-Domingue from 1691-1703. He ended his military career at the rank of Lieutenant General of the naval forces and Commander of the Royal and Military Order of Saint Louis. He died on June 25, 1715 in Bourbon-l'Archambault, Auvergne
Jul 5 Charles Ancillon a French jurist and diplomat.
Aug 1 Prince Johann Ernst of Saxe-Weimar a German prince, son by his second marriage of Johann Ernst III, Duke of Saxe-Weimar. Despite his early death he is remembered as a collector and commissioner of music and as a composer some of whose concertos were arranged for harpsichord or organ by Johann Sebastian Bach, who was court organist in Weimar at the time
Aug 16 Marie Elisabeth of Hesse-Darmstadt the only Duchess by marriage of Saxe-Römhild.
Sep 1 Louis XIV of France a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France and Navarre from 1643 until his death. His reign of 72 years and 110 days is the longest of any monarch of a major country in European history
Sep 1 François Girardon a French sculptor.
Oct 13 Nicolas Malebranche Cong. Orat. , was a French Oratorian priest and rationalist philosopher. In his works, he sought to synthesize the thought of Augustine and Descartes, in order to demonstrate the active role of God in every aspect of the world. Malebranche is best known for his doctrines of Vision in God and Occasionalism
Oct 15 Humphry Ditton an English mathematician.
Oct 17 Ernest Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen a duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen.
Nov 2 Charlotte Christine of Brunswick-Lüneburg the wife of Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich of Russia. She was the daughter of Louis Rudolph, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Christine Louise of Oettingen-Oettingen. She was also the great aunt of Marie Antoinette
Nov 6 Emetullah Rabia Gülnuş Sultan the favorite consort of Ottoman Sultan Mehmed IV and Valide Sultan to their sons Mustafa II and Ahmed III.
Nov 16 Jacques d'Agar a French portrait painter born in Paris. He was a scholar of Ferdinand Voet, and began life as an historical painter, but he soon abandoned history for portraiture, in which branch of art he became very successful. His son Charles d'Agar also became a portrait painter. In 1675 he was admitted into the Academy, and he became also painter in ordinary to the king and his court. Upon the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, Agar, as a Protestant, was shut out from the Academy. He accordingly left France in 1682—never to return
Nov 21 Grigory Dmitriyevich Stroganov a Russian landowner and statesman, the most notable member of the prominent Stroganov family in the late 17th century-early 18th century, a strong supporter of the reforms and initiatives of Peter the Great.
Nov 24 Hedvig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp Queen of Sweden from 1654 until 1660. She was the wife of Charles X Gustav of Sweden and mother of Charles She served as regent during the minority of her son from 1660 until 1672, and during the minority of her grandson Charles XII in 1697. She also represented Charles XII during his absence in the Great Northern War from 1700 until the regency of her granddaughter Ulrika Eleonora in 1713. Hedwig Eleonora was described as a dominant personality and was regarded as the de facto first lady of the royal court for 61 years, from 1654 until her death
Dec 14 Thomas Tenison an English church leader, Archbishop of Canterbury from 1694 until his death. During his primacy, he crowned two British monarchs
Dec 15 George Hickes an English divine and scholar.
Dec 28 William Carstares a minister of the Church of Scotland, active in Whig politics.
Dec 31 William Wycherley an English dramatist of the Restoration period, best known for the plays The Country Wife and The Plain Dealer.