Born in 1716

Jan 12 Antonio de Ulloa a Spanish general, explorer, author, astronomer, colonial administrator and the first Spanish governor of Louisiana.
Jan 15 Philip Livingston an American merchant and statesman from New York City. He was a delegate for New York to the Continental Congress from 1775 to 1778, and signed the Declaration of Independence
Jan 20 Charles III of Spain the King of Spain and the Spanish Indies from 1759 to 1788. He was the fifth son of Philip V of Spain, but eldest by his second wife, Elisabeth Farnese. In 1731, the 15-year-old Charles became the Duke of Parma and Piacenza, as Charles I, on the death of his childless granduncle Antonio Farnese
Jan 20 Jean-Jacques Barthélemy a French writer and numismatist.
Jan 26 George Germain 1st Viscount Sackville a British soldier and politician who was Secretary of State for America in Lord North's cabinet during the American War of Independence.
Jan 30 Carl Fredrik Adelcrantz a Swedish architect and civil servant. Adelcrantz's style developed from a rococo influenced by Carl Hårleman, the leading architect in Sweden in the early years of his career, to a classical idiom influenced by the stylistic developments in France in the mid-to-late 18th century. As överintendent, he headed the royal and public building works from 1767 until his retirement in 1795
Feb 8 Pasquale Cafaro an Italian composer who was particularly known for his operas and the significant amount of sacred music he produced, including oratorios, motets, and masses. He was also called Cafariello
Feb 12 Andrzej Zamoyski a Polish noble. Knight of the Order of the White Eagle, awarded on 3 August 1758 in Warsaw
Feb 23 Antoine-Joseph Pernety a French writer. At various times he was a Benedictine, and librarian of Frederic the Great of Prussia. Together with the Polish Count Tadeusz Grabianka, also influenced by the Christian mysticism of Swedenborg he founded in 1760 the secret society of ‘Rite hermétique’ or Illuminati of Avignon
Mar 6 Pehr Kalm a Swedish-Finnish explorer, botanist, naturalist, and agricultural economist. He was one of the most important apostles of Carl Linnaeus
Mar 13 Princess Philippine Charlotte of Prussia a daughter of Frederick William I of Prussia and Sophia Dorothea of Hanover.
Mar 19 Guillaume Coustou the Younger a French sculptor.
Mar 21 Josef Seger a Bohemian organist, composer, and educator. After graduating in philosophy from the Charles University in Prague and studying music under Bohuslav Matěj Černohorský, Jan Zach, and others, Seger became organist of two churches in Prague and remained there until his death
Mar 25 Aleksey Antropov a Russian painter active primarily in Petersburg, where he was born and died. He also worked in Moscow and frescoed churches in Kiev. His preferred medium was oil, but he also painted miniatures and icons
Apr 12 Felice Giardini an Italian composer and violinist.
May 29 Louis-Jean-Marie Daubenton a French naturalist and contributor to the Encyclopédie ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers.
Jun 18 Joseph-Marie Vien born at Montpellier. He was the last holder of the post of Premier peintre du Roi, serving from 1789 to 1791
Jun 23 Fletcher Norton 1st Baron Grantley an English politician.
Jul 2 Jan Jakub Zamoyski a Polish nobleman.
Aug 30 Capability Brown an English landscape architect. He is remembered as "the last of the great English eighteenth-century artists to be accorded his due", and "England's greatest gardener". He designed over 170 parks, many of which still endure. His influence was so great that the contributions to the English garden made by his predecessors Charles Bridgeman and William Kent are often overlooked; even Kent's apologist Horace Walpole allowed that Kent had been followed by "a very able master"
Sep 2 Jacques-Nicolas Tardieu a French engraver.
Sep 16 Angelo Maria Amorevoli a leading Italian tenor in Baroque opera.
Oct 3 Giovanni Battista Beccaria born at Mondovì, and entered the religious Order of the Pious Schools or Piarists, in 1732, where he studied, and afterward taught, grammar and rhetoric. At the same time, he applied himself with success to mathematics
Oct 5 Alexei Senyavin an admiral of the Imperial Russian Navy, son of Naum Senyavin.
Oct 6 George Montagu-Dunk 2nd Earl of Halifax a British statesman of the Georgian era. Due to his success in extending American commerce he became known as "father of the colonies". President of the Board of Trade 1748-61, he aided the foundation of Nova Scotia, 1749, the capital Halifax being named after him
Dec 1 Étienne Maurice Falconet counted among the first rank of French Rococo sculptors, whose patron was Mme de Pompadour.
Dec 12 Leopoldine Marie of Anhalt-Dessau the ninth child of Prince Leopold I of Anhalt-Dessau and his wife, Anna Louise Föhse. She married on 13 February 1739 the last margrave Frederick Henry of Brandenburg-Schwedt. After 1788, her Schwedt Castle was used by the Prussian royal family as a summer residence
Dec 16 Louis Jules Mancini Mazarini a French diplomat and writer. He was the sixth member elected to occupy seat 4 of the Académie française in 1742. In English, his title is written, the Duke of Nivernais
Dec 23 Johann Heinrich Rolle a German baroque composer.
Dec 25 Johann Jakob Reiske a German scholar and physician. He was a pioneer in the fields of Arabic and Byzantine philology as well as Islamic numismatics
Dec 26 Thomas Gray an English poet, letter-writer, classical scholar and professor at Cambridge University. He is widely known for his Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard, published in 1751
Dec 26 Jean François de Saint-Lambert a French poet, philosopher and military officer.