Died in 1716

Jan 5 Mihai Racoviță a Prince of Moldavia on three separate occasions and Prince of Wallachia on two occasions. His rules overlapped with the accession of Phanariotes in the Danubian Principalities – he is considered himself a Phanariote for the duration of his last rule in Moldavia and his rules over Wallachia
Jan 30 Marie Casimire Louise de La Grange d'Arquien consort to King John III Sobieski, from 1674 to 1696.
Feb 19 Dorothe Engelbretsdatter a Norwegian author. She principally wrote hymns and poems. She has been characterized as Norway's first recognized female author as well as Norway's first feminist before feminism became a recognized concept
Apr 13 Arthur Herbert 1st Earl of Torrington a British admiral and politician of the late 17th and early 18th century. Cashiered as a rear-admiral by James II of England in 1688 for refusing to vote to repeal the Test Act, which prevented Catholics from holding offices, he brought the Invitation to William to The Hague, disguised as a simple sailor. As a reward he was made commander of William's invasion fleet during the Glorious Revolution
Apr 26 John Somers 1st Baron Somers an English Whig jurist and statesman. Somers first came to national attention in the trial of the Seven Bishops where he was on their defence counsel. He published tracts on political topics such as the succession to the crown, where he elaborated his Whig principles in support of the Exclusionists. He played a leading part in shaping the Revolution settlement. He was Lord High Chancellor of England under King William III and was a chief architect of the union between England and Scotland achieved in 1707 and the Protestant succession achieved in 1714. He was a leading Whig during the twenty-five years after 1688; with four colleagues he formed the Whig Junto
Apr 28 Louis de Montfort a French Roman Catholic priest and Confessor. He was known in his time as a preacher and was made a missionary apostolic by Pope Clement XI
May 29 Carl Piper a Swedish statesman. He entered the foreign office after completing his academical course at Uppsala, accompanied Benedict Oxenstjerna on his embassage to Russia in 1673, and attracted the attention of Charles XI during the Scanian War by his extraordinary energy and ability
Jun 2 Ogata Kōrin a Japanese painter of the Rinpa school.
Jun 5 Roger Cotes an English mathematician, known for working closely with Isaac Newton by proofreading the second edition of his famous book, the Principia, before publication. He also invented the quadrature formulas known as Newton–Cotes formulas and first introduced what is known today as Euler's formula. He was the first Plumian Professor at Cambridge University from 1707 until his death
Jun 8 Johann Wilhelm Elector Palatine Elector Palatine , Duke Palatine of Neuburg/Danube , Duke of Jülich and Berg , and Duke of Upper Palatinate and Cham. From 1697 onwards Johann Wilhelm was also Count of Megen
Jun 9 Banda Singh Bahadur a Sikh military commander.
Jun 18 Tsarevna Natalya Alexeyevna of Russia a Russian playwright. She was the elder daughter of Tsar Alexis and his second wife, Natalia Naryshkina, and the sister of Peter the Great
Jun 19 Tokugawa Ietsugu the seventh shogun of the Tokugawa Dynasty, who ruled from 1713 until his death in 1716. He was the son of Tokugawa Ienobu, thus making him the grandson of Tokugawa Tsunashige, daimyo of Kofu, great-grandson of Tokugawa Iemitsu, great-great grandson of Tokugawa Hidetada, and finally the great-great-great grandson of Tokugawa Ieyasu
Jun 28 George FitzRoy 1st Duke of Northumberland the third and youngest illegitimate son of King Charles II and his mother Barbara Villiers, Countess of Castlemaine. On 1 October 1674, he was created Earl of Northumberland, Baron of Pontefract and Viscount Falmouth. On 6 April 1683, he was created Duke of Northumberland
Jul 8 Robert South an English churchman, known for his combative preaching.
Jul 9 Joseph Sauveur a French mathematician and physicist. He was a professor of mathematics and in 1696 became a member of the French Academy of Sciences
Jul 26 Paolo Alessandro Maffei an antiquarian with a humanist education, who was active in Rome. Maffei was the son of Paolo Maffei and his wife Giovanna di Raffaele, both of patrician families of Volterra. He was a descendant of the humanist and papal bureaucrat Raffaele Maffei, "il Volterrano," , author of the Commentaria urbana , dedicated to Julius Paolo Alessandro was made a cavaliere of the Tuscan Order of Saint Stephen and an honorary member of the Papal Guard. He wrote the laudatory biography of Pope Pius V, in which he praised the Pope's suppression of newsletters and slanderous printed avvisi in 1572
Aug 3 Sebastián Durón a Spanish composer.
Aug 5 Silahdar Damat Ali Pasha an Ottoman general and Grand Vizier.
Sep 26 Antoine Parent a French mathematician, born at Paris and died there, who wrote in 1700 on analytical geometry of three dimensions. His works were collected and published in three volumes at Paris in 1713
Oct 17 Anne Hamilton 3rd Duchess of Hamilton a Scottish peeress.
Oct 28 Stephen Fox an English politician.
Nov 2 Engelbert Kaempfer a German naturalist and physician known for his tour of Russia, Persia, India, South-East Asia, and Japan between 1683 and 1693. He wrote two books about his travels. Amoenitatum Exoticarum, published in 1712, is important for its medical observations and the first extensive description of Japanese plants. His History of Japan, published posthumously in 1727, was the chief source of Western knowledge about the country throughout the 18th century
Nov 14 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz a German mathematician and philosopher. He occupies a prominent place in the history of mathematics and the history of philosophy
Nov 15 François Louis de Rousselet Marquis de Châteaurenault a French vice-admiral, maréchal, and nobleman.
Dec 6 Benedictus Buns a priest and composer.
Dec 13 Charles de La Fosse born in Paris.