Born in 1718

Jan 7 Israel Putnam an American army general officer and Freemason, popularly known as "Old Put", who fought with distinction at the Battle of Bunker Hill during the American Revolutionary War. His reckless courage and fighting spirit were known far beyond Connecticut's borders through the circulation of folk legends celebrating his exploits
Jan 29 Paul Rabaut a French pastor of the Huguenot "Church of the Desert".
Feb 1 Jean Joseph Marie Amiot a French Jesuit missionary.
Feb 13 George Brydges Rodney 1st Baron Rodney a British naval officer. He is best known for his commands in the American War of Independence, particularly his victory over the French at the Battle of the Saintes in 1782. It is often claimed that he was the commander to have pioneered the tactic of "breaking the line"
Feb 17 Matthew Tilghman an American planter and Revolutionary leader from Maryland, who served as a delegate to the Continental Congress from 1774 to 1776.
Feb 18 Søren Abildgaard a Danish naturalist, writer and illustrator. He was born in Flekkefjord in Norway and died in Copenhagen in Denmark
Feb 26 Johan Ernst Gunnerus a Norwegian bishop and botanist. Gunnerus was born at Christiania. He was bishop of the Diocese of Nidaros from 1758 until his death and also a professor of theology at the University of Copenhagen
Mar 12 Joseph Damer 1st Earl of Dorchester a wealthy landowner particularly associated with the reshaping of Milton Abbey and the creation of the village of Milton Abbas in Dorset, south-west England.
Mar 31 Mariana Victoria of Spain an Infanta of Spain by birth and was later the Queen of Portugal as wife of King Joseph The eldest daughter of Philip V of Spain and Elisabeth Farnese, she was engaged to the young Louis XV of France at the age of seven. Rejected due to her age, the marriage never took place and she was sent back to Spain. In 1729 she was married to the son of John V of Portugal. As the mother of Maria I of Portugal, she also acted as regent of Portugal during the last months of her husband's life and acted as advisor to her daughter in her reign
Apr 4 Benjamin Kennicott an English churchman and Hebrew scholar.
Apr 7 Hugh Blair a Scottish minister of religion, author and rhetorician, considered one of the first great theorists of written discourse.
Apr 15 Christian Horrebow a Danish astronomer of the 18th century. He was a son of Peder Horrebow, whom he succeeded as director of the observatory associated with the University of Copenhagen
Apr 17 Adam František Kollár a Slovak jurist, Imperial-Royal Court Councilor and Chief Imperial-Royal Librarian, a member of Natio Hungarica in the Kingdom of Hungary, a historian, ethnologist, an influential advocate of Empress Maria Theresa's Enlightened and centralist policies. His advancement of Maria Theresa's status in the Kingdom of Hungary as its apostolic ruler in 1772 was used as an argument in support of the subsequent Habsburg annexations of Galicia and Dalmatia. Kollár is also credited with coining the term ethnology and providing its first definition in 1783. Some authors see him as one of the earliest pro-Slovak, pro-Slavic, and pan-Slavic activists in the Habsburg Monarchy
Apr 24 Nathaniel Hone the Elder an Irish-born portrait and miniature painter, and one of the founder members of the Royal Academy in 1768.
Apr 26 Esek Hopkins the only Commander in Chief of the Continental Navy during the American Revolutionary War. He was also an accomplished merchant captain and privateer
Apr 27 Thomas Lewis (Virginia) an Irish-American surveyor, lawyer, and a pioneer of early Virginia. He was a signatory to the Fairfax Resolves preceding the American War for Independence, and after the conflict, contributed to the settlement of western Virginia in an area that would one day become part of West Virginia
May 16 Maria Gaetana Agnesi an Italian mathematician and philosopher.
May 17 Robert Darcy 4th Earl of Holderness a British diplomat and politician. From 1744 to 1746 he was ambassador at Venice and from 1749 to 1751 he represented his country at The Hague. In 1751 he became Secretary of State for the Southern Department, transferring in 1754 to the Northern Department, and he remained in office until March 1761, when he was dismissed by King George III in favor of Lord Bute, although he had largely been a cipher in that position to the stronger personalities of his colleagues, successively the Duke of Newcastle, Thomas Robinson, Henry Fox, and William Pitt the Elder. From 1771 to 1776 he acted as governor to two of the King's sons, a solemn phantom as Horace Walpole calls him. He left no sons, and all his titles became extinct except the Baronies of Darcy and Conyers, which were Baronies by Writ, and the Portuguese countship of Mértola. In those peerages he was succeeded by his daughter, Amelia Osborne, Marchioness of Carmarthen
May 23 William Hunter (anatomist) a Scottish anatomist and physician. He was a leading teacher of anatomy, and the outstanding obstetrician of his day. His guidance and training of his ultimately more famous brother, John Hunter, was also of great importance
May 30 Wills Hill 1st Marquess of Downshire a British politician of the Georgian era. Best known in the United States as the Earl of Hillsborough, he served as Secretary of State for the Colonies in 1768 to 1772, a critical period leading toward the American War of Independence
May 31 Jacob Christian Schäffer a German dean, professor, botanist, mycologist, entomologist, ornithologist and inventor.
Jun 16 Thomas Chippendale a London cabinet-maker and furniture designer in the mid-Georgian, English Rococo, and Neoclassical styles. In 1754 he published a book of his designs, titled The Gentleman and Cabinet Maker's Director. The designs are regarded as reflecting the current London fashion for furniture for that period and were used by other cabinet makers outside London
Jun 17 George Howard (British Army officer) a British military officer and politician. After commanding the 3rd Regiment of Foot at the Battle of Fontenoy in May 1745 during the War of the Austrian Succession and after commanding that regiment again at the Battle of Falkirk Muir and the Battle of Culloden during the Jacobite Rebellion, he returned to the continent and fought at the Battle of Lauffeld. He went on to command a brigade at the Battle of Warburg during the Seven Years' War. He subsequently became the Governor of Minorca
Jul 5 Francis Seymour-Conway 1st Marquess of Hertford a British courtier and politician.
Jul 15 Alexander Roslin a Swedish portrait painter who worked in Scania, Bayreuth, Paris, Italy, and Petersburg, primarily for members of aristocratic families. He combined insightful psychological portrayal with a skillful representation of fabrics and jewels. In his choice of style and lustrous, shimmering colors Alexander Roslin exemplifies Rococo. He lived in France from 1752 until 1793, a period that spanned most of his career. Rococo artists opted for a more jocular, elegant and ornate style, characterized by lightness, elegance and graceful approach to art and architecture. The painting by Roslin depicting Jeanne Sophie de Vignerot du Plessis, Countess of Egmont Pignatelli, was bought by the Minneapolis Institute of Art in 2006 for US$ 3 million
Jul 18 Saverio Bettinelli an Italian Jesuit writer.
Jul 31 John Canton an English physicist.
Aug 11 Frederick Haldimand a military officer best known for his service in the British Army in North America during the Seven Years' War and the American Revolutionary War. From 1778 to 1786 he served as Governor of the Province of Quebec, during which time he oversaw military operations against the northern frontiers in the war, and engaged in ultimately fruitless negotiations to establish the independent Vermont Republic as a new British province. His administration of Quebec was at times harsh, with the detention of numerous political dissidents and agitators
Aug 28 Claude-Henri Watelet a rich French fermier-général who was an amateur painter, a well-respected etcher, a writer on the arts and a connoisseur of gardens. Watelet's inherited privilege of farming taxes in the Orléanais left him free to pursue his avocations, art and literature and gardens. His Essai sur les jardins, 1774, firmly founded on English ideas expressed by Thomas Whately, introduced the English landscape garden to France, as the jardin Anglois. The sociable Watelet, who was born and died in Paris, was at the center of the French art world of his time
Sep 1 Antoine de Chézy a French hydraulics engineer. He is known for the Chézy formula, which concerned the velocity of pipe flow, and in modified form he used for open channel flow as well. He died in 1798 after being director of the École nationale des ponts et chaussées for less than a year. His son was the orientalist Antoine-Léonard de Chézy
Sep 8 François-Thomas-Marie de Baculard d'Arnaud a French writer and dramatist.
Sep 18 Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria (governor) an Archduchess of Austria and a Princess of Lorraine, the younger sister of Empress Maria Theresa.
Sep 25 Duke Louis Ernest of Brunswick-Lüneburg a field-marshal in the armies of the Holy Roman Empire and the Dutch Republic. From 13 November 1750 to 1766 he was the Captain-General of the Netherlands, where he was known as the Duke of Brunswick or Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. Another brother was Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick who led the Allied Anglo-German army during the Seven Years' War
Sep 29 Nikita Ivanovich Panin an influential Russian statesman and political mentor to Catherine the Great for the first 18 years of her reign. In that role, he advocated the Northern Alliance, closer ties with Frederick the Great of Prussia and the establishment of an advisory privy council. His staunch opposition to the partitions of Poland led to his being replaced by the more compliant Prince Bezborodko
Oct 19 Victor-François 2nd duc de Broglie a French aristocrat and soldier and a marshal of France. He served with his father, François-Marie, 1st duc de Broglie, at Parma and Guastalla, and in 1734 obtained a colonelcy
Oct 28 Ignacije Szentmartony a Croatian Jesuit priest, missionary, mathematician, astronomer and explorer.
Nov 8 Joseph Aloys Schmittbaur a German composer, Kapellmeister, instrument maker and music teacher.
Nov 13 John Montagu 4th Earl of Sandwich a British statesman who succeeded his grandfather, Edward Montagu, 3rd Earl of Sandwich, as the Earl of Sandwich in 1729, at the age of ten. During his life he held various military and political offices, including Postmaster General, First Lord of the Admiralty and Secretary of State for the Northern Department, but is perhaps best known for the claim that he was the eponymous inventor of the sandwich
Nov 17 Aleksandr Mikhailovich Golitsyn a Russian prince of the Galitzine and field marshal. He was the governor of Saint Petersburg in 1780 to 1783
Nov 21 Friedrich Wilhelm Marpurg a German music critic, music theorist and composer. He was friendly and active with many figures of the Enlightenment of the 18th century
Dec 18 Grand Duchess Anna Leopoldovna of Russia also known as Anna Karlovna , regent of Russia for a few months during the minority of her baby son Ivan. She was the daughter of Tsarevna Catherine of Russia and of Charles Leopold, the Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and born as Elisabeth Katharina Christine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin