Died in 1718

Jan 6 Giovanni Vincenzo Gravina an Italian man of letters and jurist. He was born at Roggiano Gravina, a small town near Cosenza, in Calabria
Jan 17 Benjamin Church (ranger) considered the father of American ranging. He was the captain of the first Ranger force in America. Church was commissioned by the Governor of the Plymouth Colony, Josiah Winslow to form the first ranger company for King Philip's War. He later employed the company to raid Acadia during King Williams War and Queen Anne's War
Feb 1 Charles Talbot 1st Duke of Shrewsbury an English statesman. Born to Roman Catholic parents, he remained in that faith until 1679 when—during the time of the Popish Plot and following the advice of the divine John Tillotson—he converted to the Church of England. Shrewsbury took his seat in the House of Lords in 1680 and three years later was appointed Gentleman-Extraordinary of the Bedchamber, suggesting he was in favour at the court of Charles II
Feb 18 Peter Anthony Motteux an English author, playwright, and translator. Motteux was a significant figure in the evolution of English journalism in his era, as the publisher and editor of The Gentleman's Journal, "the first English magazine," from 1692 to 1694
Mar 13 Friedrich Nicolaus Bruhns a German composer and music director in Hamburg.
Apr 3 Jacques Ozanam a French mathematician.
Apr 21 Philippe de La Hire a French mathematician and astronomer. According to Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle he was an "academy unto himself"
May 1 Tsarevna Yevdokia Alekseyevna of Russia the eldest daughter of Tsar Alexis of Russia and Maria Miloslavskaya, sister of Tsar Feodor III of Russia and Tsar Ivan V of Russia and half-sister of Tsar Peter the Great.
May 1 Tsarevna Catherine Alekseyevna of Russia the fifth daughter of Tsar Alexis of Russia and Maria Miloslavskaya, sister of Tsar Feodor III of Russia and Tsar Ivan V of Russia and half-sister of Tsar Peter the Great.
May 7 Mary of Modena Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland as the second wife of James II and VII. A devout Catholic, Mary married the widowed James, who was the younger brother and heir presumptive of Charles II,. She was uninterested in politics and devoted to James and their children, two of whom survived to adulthood: the Jacobite claimant to the thrones, James Francis Edward, , and Louisa Maria Teresa
May 30 Arnold van Keppel 1st Earl of Albemarle the son of Oswald van Keppel and his wife Anna Geertruid van Lintelo. De Voorst is a large country house near Zutphen, financed by William III, and not unlike the royal palace Het Loo in Apeldoorn
Jun 24 Louis Frederick I Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt the ruling prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, Count of Hohenstein, Lord of Rudolstadt, Blankenburg and Sondershausen from 1710 until his death.
Jul 28 Étienne Baluze a French scholar, also known as Stephanus Baluzius.
Jul 30 William Penn an English real estate entrepreneur, philosopher, early Quaker and founder of the Province of Pennsylvania, the English North American colony and the future Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. He was an early advocate of democracy and religious freedom, notable for his good relations and successful treaties with the Lenape Indians. Under his direction, the city of Philadelphia was planned and developed
Aug 4 René Lepage de Sainte-Claire the lord-founder of the town of Rimouski, province of Quebec, in Canada.
Nov 3 Karl Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Zerbst.
Nov 15 Moritz Wilhelm Duke of Saxe-Zeitz a duke of Saxe-Zeitz and member of the House of Wettin.
Nov 22 Blackbeard a notorious English pirate who operated around the West Indies and the eastern coast of the American colonies. Although little is known about his early life, he was probably born in Bristol, England. He may have been a sailor on privateer ships during Queen Anne's War before settling on the Bahamian island of New Providence, a base for Captain Benjamin Hornigold, whose crew Teach joined sometime around 1716. Hornigold placed him in command of a sloop he had captured, and the two engaged in numerous acts of piracy. Their numbers were boosted by the addition to their fleet of two more ships, one of which was commanded by Stede Bonnet, but toward the end of 1717 Hornigold retired from piracy, taking two vessels with him
Nov 30 Charles XII of Sweden the King of Sweden from 1697 to 1718. He belonged to the House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken, a branch line of the House of Wittelsbach. Charles was the only surviving son of Charles XI and Ulrika Eleonora the Elder. He assumed power, after a seven-month caretaker government, at the age of fifteen
Dec 6 Nicholas Rowe (writer) appointed Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom in 1715.
Dec 9 Vincenzo Coronelli a Franciscan monk, cosmographer, cartographer, publisher, and encyclopedist known in particular for his atlases and globes. He spent most of his life in Venice
Dec 10 Stede Bonnet an early 18th-century Barbadian pirate, sometimes called "The Gentleman Pirate" because he was a moderately wealthy landowner before turning to a life of crime. Bonnet was born into a wealthy English family on the island of Barbados, and inherited the family estate after his father's death in 1694. In 1709, he married Mary Allamby, and engaged in some level of militia service. Because of marital problems, and despite his lack of sailing experience, Bonnet decided to turn to piracy in the summer of 1717. He bought a sailing vessel, named it Revenge, and traveled with his paid crew along the Eastern Seaboard of what is now the United States, capturing other vessels and burning other Barbadian ships
Dec 28 Jan Brokoff a baroque-era sculptor and carver.