Born in 1719

Jan 2 Jacques-Alexandre Laffon de Ladebat one of the most important shipbuilders and merchants of the port of Bordeaux in the late 18th century. His son, André-Daniel Laffon de Ladebat , succeeded him, then became involved in politics in the French Revolution in 1789
Jan 3 Francisco José Freire born at Lisbon.
Jan 6 Ivan Ivanovich Belsky a Russian painter. He was part of the "Belsky Dynasty" of painters of the Eighteenth Century and one of the first teachers at the Imperial Academy of Arts, where he taught history painting
Jan 17 William Vernon a New England trader who played a leading role in the Continental Congress' maritime activities during the American Revolution. As president of the Eastern Navy Board during the Revolution, he was responsible for building and outfitting the ships of the Continental Navy
Jan 17 Johann Elias Schlegel a German critic and dramatic poet.
Jan 23 John Landen an English mathematician.
Jan 25 Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia the ninth child and fifth daughter of Frederick William I of Prussia and Sophia Dorothea of Hanover. By marriage, she was a Margravine of Brandenburg-Schwedt
Feb 15 Wilhelm Sebastian von Belling a Prussian Hussar general under Frederick the Great.
Mar 4 George Pigot 1st Baron Pigot the British governor of Madras.
Mar 13 John Griffin 4th Baron Howard de Walden a British nobleman and soldier. Born John Whitwell, he served as a junior officer with the Pragmatic Army in the Netherlands and Germany during the War of the Austrian Succession. After changing his surname to Griffin in 1749, he commanded a brigade of at least four battalions at the Battle of Corbach in July 1760 during the Seven Years' War. He also commanded a brigade at the Battle of Warburg and was wounded at the Battle of Kloster Kampen
Mar 14 Mary Hamilton (lady in waiting) the lady in waiting of Empress Catherine I of Russia and a royal mistress of Tsar Peter the Great of Russia. She was executed for abortion, infanticide, and theft and slander of Empress Catherine. She is pointed out as one of the possible inspirations for the song Mary Hamilton
Mar 16 Prince Georg Ludwig of Holstein-Gottorp a Prussian lieutenant-general and an Imperial Russian field marshal.
Apr 2 Johann Wilhelm Ludwig Gleim a German poet.
Apr 5 Axel von Fersen the Elder a Swedish statesman and soldier.
Apr 24 Giuseppe Marc'Antonio Baretti an Italian-born English literary critic and author of two influential language-translation dictionaries. During his England years he was often known as Joseph Baretti. Baretti's life was marred by controversies
May 30 Roger Newdigate an English politician and collector of antiquities.
Jun 1 Jean-Baptiste Le Carpentier a French political activist from Normandy.
Jun 2 Michel-Jean Sedaine a French dramatist and librettist, especially noted for his librettos for opéras comiques, in which he took an important and influential role in the advancement of the genre from the period of Charles-Simon Favart to the beginning of the Revolution.
Jun 3 Louis Paul Abeille a French economist.
Jun 28 Étienne François duc de Choiseul a French military officer, diplomat and statesman. Between 1758 and 1761, and 1766 and 1770, he was Foreign Minister of France and had a strong influence on France's global strategy throughout the period. He is closely associated with France's defeat in the Seven Years War and subsequent efforts to rebuild French prestige
Aug 4 Johann Gottlob Lehmann (scientist) a German mineralogist and geologist noted for his work and research contributions to the geologic record leading to the development of stratigraphy.
Aug 19 Charles-François de Broglie marquis de Ruffec a French soldier and diplomat from a distinguished French military family. He served for some years in the army, and afterwards became one of the foremost diplomatists in the service of Louis He is chiefly remembered in connection with the Secret du Roi
Aug 20 Christian Mayer (astronomer) a Czech astronomer and teacher.
Aug 23 Pierre Poivre a French horticulturist born in Lyon; he was a missionary to China and Cochinchina, Intendant of the Islands of Mauritius and Bourbon, and wearer of the cordon of Michel. He was an uncle to renowned French naturalist Pierre Sonnerat
Aug 25 Charles-Amédée-Philippe van Loo a French painter of allegorical scenes and portraits.
Sep 11 Tanuma Okitsugu a rōjū of the Tokugawa shogunate who introduced monetary reform. He was also a daimyo, and ruled the Sagara han. He used the title Tonomo-no-kami
Sep 15 Friedrich Christian Meuschen a German diplomat and conchologist born in Hanau. He was the son of theologian Johann Gerhard Meuschen
Sep 27 Abraham Gotthelf Kästner a German mathematician and epigrammatist.
Oct 17 Jacques Cazotte a French author.
Oct 20 Gottfried Achenwall a German philosopher, historian, economist, jurist and statistician. He is counted among the inventors of statistics
Nov 2 Georg Johann Mattarnovi a German Baroque architect and sculptor, notable for his work in Saint Petersburg.
Nov 6 Louis-Antoine Caraccioli a prolific French writer, poet, historian, and biographer long time considered an "enemy of Philosophy" because of his broad apologetic production.
Nov 9 Domenico Lorenzo Ponziani an 18th-century Italian law professor, priest, chess player, composer and theoretician. He is best known today for his chess writing
Nov 14 Leopold Mozart a German composer, conductor, teacher, and violinist. Mozart is best known today as the father and teacher of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and for his violin textbook Versuch einer gründlichen Violinschule
Nov 23 Spranger Barry an Irish actor.
Nov 30 Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha Princess of Wales between 1736 and 1751, and Dowager Princess of Wales thereafter. She was one of only three Princesses of Wales who never became queen consort. Princess Augusta's eldest son succeeded as George III of the United Kingdom in 1760, as her husband, Frederick, Prince of Wales, had died nine years earlier
Dec 15 Louis IX Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1768 - 1790. He was a son of Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt, and Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg and Müntzenberg