Died in 1719

Jan 15 Tikhon Streshnev a Russian boyar and statesman during the reign of Peter I of Russia, one of the first members of the Governing Senate and the first governor of Moscow after the post was reformed by Peter. Several noted historians have suggested—citing the extreme height of both Peter and Tikhon—that Streshnev was the czar's actual, biological father
Jan 19 Joachim Tielke a German maker of musical instruments. He was born in Königsberg, Prussia, and died in Hamburg
Feb 12 Adam Ludwig Lewenhaupt a Swedish general.
Feb 17 Boris Sheremetev created the first Russian count in 1706, and was also a diplomat and general field marshal during the Great Northern War. His children included Pyotr Sheremetev and Natalia Sheremeteva. In his youth, Sheremetyev was a page to Tsar Alexis I before starting his military career. From 1671 he served at the imperial court. In 1681 he was a leader at Tambov, commanding the armies fighting the Crimean Khanate, and from 1682 he was a boyar. From 1685 to 1687 he participated in negotiations and the conclusion of the "Eternal Peace of 1686" with Poland and the allied treaty with Austria. From the end of 1687 he commanded the armies in Belgorod defending Russia's southern border, and participated in the Crimean campaigns. After Peter I gained power in 1689, he joined him as a fellow campaigner. He participated along with Mazepa in the war against Turkey during the 1690s. During the Azov campaigns in 1695–96 he commanded armies on the Dnieper River in actions against the Crimean Tatars. In 1697–99 he carried out diplomatic assignments in Poland, Austria, Italy and Malta. In 1698, czar Peter sent a delegation to Malta under Sheremetyev to observe the training and abilities of the Knights of Malta and their fleet. Sheremetyev also investigated the possibility of future joint ventures with the Knights, including action against the Turks and the possibility of a future Russian naval base
Feb 19 Georg Heinrich von Görtz born in Holstein and educated at Jena.
Feb 23 Bartholomäus Ziegenbalg a member of the Lutheran clergy and the first Pietist missionary to India.
Mar 10 Jean-Baptiste Alexandre Le Blond a French architect and garden designer who became the chief architect of Saint Petersburg in 1716.
Mar 13 Johann Friedrich Böttger a German alchemist. He was born in Schleiz, and died in Dresden and is normally credited with being the first European to discover the secret of the creation of porcelain in 1708, but it has also been claimed that English manufacturers or Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus produced porcelain first. Certainly, the Meissen factory, established 1710, was the first to produce porcelain in Europe in large quantities and since the recipe was kept a trade secret by Böttger for his company, experiments continued elsewhere throughout Europe
Apr 7 Jean-Baptiste de La Salle a French priest, educational reformer, and founder of the Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools. He is a saint of the Roman Catholic church and the patron saint of teachers
Apr 15 Françoise d'Aubigné Marquise de Maintenon the second wife of King Louis XIV of France. She was known during her first marriage as Madame Scarron, and subsequently as Madame de Maintenon. Her marriage to the king was never officially announced or admitted
Apr 29 Farrukhsiyar the Mughal emperor between 1713 and 1719. Noted as a handsome ruler he was easily swayed by his advisers, he lacked the ability, knowledge and character to rule independently. He was the son of Azim-ush-Shan—the second son of emperor Bahadur Shah I—and Sahiba Nizwan
May 3 Pierre Le Gros the Younger a French sculptor, active almost exclusively in Baroque Rome. Nowadays, his name is commonly written Legros, while he himself always signed as Le Gros; he is frequently referred to either as 'the Younger' or 'Pierre II' to distinguish him from his father, Pierre Le Gros the Elder, who was also a sculptor. The "ardent drama" of his work and its Italian location make him more an Italian, than a French, sculptor. Despite being virtually unknown to the general public today, he was the pre-eminent sculptor in Rome for nearly two decades, until he was finally superseded at the end of his life by the more classicizing Camillo Rusconi
Jun 13 Rafi ud-Darajat the 10th Mughal Emperor. He succeeded Furrukhsiyar on 28 February 1719, being proclaimed Badshah by the Syed Brothers
Jun 17 Joseph Addison an English essayist, poet, playwright, and politician. He was the eldest son of The Reverend Lancelot Addison. His name is usually remembered alongside that of his long-standing friend, Richard Steele, with whom he founded The Spectator magazine
Jun 19 Howell Davis a Welsh pirate. His piratical career lasted just 11 months, from 11 July 1718 to 19 June 1719, when he was ambushed and killed. His ships were the Cadogan, Buck, Saint James, and Rover. Davis captured 15 known English and French ships
Jul 5 Meinhardt Schomberg 3rd Duke of Schomberg a general in the service of Prince William of Orange, later King William III of England. He fought in the Franco-Dutch War, then played a crucial role in the Battle of the Boyne in July 1690 during the Williamite War in Ireland and finally commanded the British troops deployed to Portugal during the War of the Spanish Succession
Jul 30 Giambattista Felice Zappi an Italian poet.
Aug 2 Karol Stanisław Radziwiłł (1669–1719) a Polish-Lithuanian szlachcic.
Aug 8 Christoph Ludwig Agricola a German landscape painter. He was born and died at Regensburg
Aug 18 Heinrich von Cocceji a German jurist from Bremen. He studied in Leiden and Oxford and was appointed professor of law at Heidelberg and in Utrecht. Named Geheimrat and marquis, he became ordinary professor in the faculty of law at Frankfurt , where he later died
Sep 7 John Harris (writer) an English writer, scientist, and Anglican priest. He is best known as the editor of the Lexicon Technicum: Or, A Universal English Dictionary of Arts and Sciences , the earliest of English encyclopaedias; as the compiler of the Collection of Voyages and Travels, published under his name; and as the author of an unfinished county history of Kent
Sep 8 Carlo Cignani an Italian painter of the Bolognese and of the Forlivese school, active in the Baroque period.
Sep 19 Shah Jahan II Mughal emperor for a brief period in 1719. He succeeded his short-lived brother Rafi Ul-Darjat in that year, being proclaimed Badshah by the Syed Brothers
Sep 21 Johann Heinrich Acker a German writer. He sometimes wrote under the name of Melissander
Sep 27 George Smalridge an English bishop.
Oct 14 Arnold Houbraken a Dutch painter and writer from Dordrecht, now remembered mainly as a biographer of artists from the Dutch Golden Age. He had ten children. His son Jacobus Houbraken was an engraver of portraits and book illustrations, including books by his father. His daughter Antonina Houbraken also became an engraver for an Amsterdam publisher, and is known today for her embellishment of cityscapes and buildings with animals and people
Nov 8 Michel Rolle a French mathematician. He is best known for Rolle's theorem. He is also the co-inventor in Europe of Gaussian elimination
Nov 26 John Hudson (classicist) born at Wythop, near Cockermouth in Cumberland.
Dec 2 Pasquier Quesnel a French Jansenist theologian.
Dec 31 John Flamsteed an English astronomer and the first Astronomer Royal. He catalogued over 3000 stars