Born in 1720

Jan 4 Johann Friedrich Agricola a German composer, organist, singer, pedagogue, and writer on music. He sometimes wrote under the pseudonym Flavio Anicio Olibrio
Jan 30 Charles De Geer a Swedish industrialist and entomologist.
Feb 8 Emperor Sakuramachi the 115th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
Feb 26 Gian Francesco Albani a Roman Catholic Cardinal. He was a member of the Albani family
Mar 9 Philip Yorke 2nd Earl of Hardwicke an English politician.
Mar 13 Charles Bonnet born at Geneva, of a French family driven into the region by the religious persecution in the 16th century.
Mar 15 Philip Duke of Parma Duke of Parma from 1748 to 1765. He founded the House of Bourbon-Parma , a cadet line of the Spanish branch of the dynasty. He was a son-in-law of Louis XV
Mar 22 Nicolas-Henri Jardin born in Germain des Noyers, Dept. Seine-et-Marne, France, and worked seventeen years in Denmark as an architect to the royal court. He introduced neoclassicism to Denmark
Apr 23 Vilna Gaon a Talmudist, halakhist, kabbalist, and the foremost leader of mitnagdic Jewry of the past few centuries. He is commonly referred to in Hebrew as ha-Gaon he-Chasid mi-Vilna, "the saintly genius from Vilnius"
May 8 William Cavendish 4th Duke of Devonshire a British Whig statesman who was briefly nominal Prime Minister of Great Britain. He was the first son of William Cavendish, 3rd Duke of Devonshire and Catherine Hoskins
May 11 Baron Münchhausen a German nobleman and a famous recounter of tall tales. He joined the Russian military and took part in two campaigns against the Ottoman Turks. Upon returning home, Münchhausen is said to have told a number of outrageously farfetched stories about his adventures
May 15 Maximilian Hell a Hungarian astronomer and an ordained Jesuit priest from the Kingdom of Hungary.
Jul 18 Gilbert White a "parson-naturalist", a pioneering English naturalist and ornithologist. He remained unmarried and a curate all his life. He is best known for his Natural History and Antiquities of Selborne
Jul 24 Louisa Ulrika of Prussia Queen of Sweden between 1751 and 1771 as the spouse of King Adolf Frederick, and queen mother during the reign of King Gustav III.
Jul 31 Emmanuel-Armand de Richelieu duc d'Aiguillon a French soldier and statesman and a nephew of Louis François Armand du Plessis, duc de Richelieu. He served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs under Louis XV
Aug 8 Carl Fredrik Pechlin a Swedish politician and demagogue, son of the Holstein minister at Stockholm, Johan Pechlin, and brother of Johanna Lohm. After moving to Sweden at age six, he was educated in Sweden, and entered the Swedish army. He rose to the rank of major-general, but became famous by being the type par excellence of the corrupt and egoistic Swedish parliamentarian of the final period of the Age of Liberty; he received for many years the sobriquet of 'General of the Riksdag'
Aug 11 Martin Gerbert born at Horb am Neckar, Württemberg, on the 12th of August 1720.
Aug 12 Konrad Ekhof a German actor, widely regarded as one of the foremost actors of the German-speaking realm in the 18th century.
Aug 14 Frederick II Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel from 1760 to 1785. He ruled as an enlightened despot, and raised money by renting soldiers to Great Britain to help fight the American Revolutionary War. He combined Enlightenment ideas with Christian values, cameralist plans for central control of the economy, and a militaristic approach toward international diplomacy
Aug 18 Laurence Shirley 4th Earl Ferrers the last member of the House of Lords hanged in England, following his conviction for murdering his steward.
Aug 20 Bernard de Bury a French musician and court composer of the late Baroque era.
Aug 30 Samuel Whitbread (1720–1796) an English brewer and Member of Parliament. In 1742, he established a brewery that in 1799 became Whitbread & Co Ltd
Sep 20 Sir Robert Pigot 2nd Baronet a British Army officer during the American Revolutionary War.
Oct 3 Johann Uz born at Ansbach.
Oct 4 Giovanni Battista Piranesi an Italian artist famous for his etchings of Rome and of fictitious and atmospheric "prisons".
Oct 8 Jonathan Mayhew a noted American minister at Old West Church, Boston, Massachusetts.
Oct 16 Johann Georg Sulzer a Swiss professor of Mathematics, who later on moved on to the field of electricity. He was a Wolffian philosopher and director of the philosophical section of the Berlin Academy of Sciences, and translator of David Hume's An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals into German in 1755
Oct 17 Geneviève Thiroux d'Arconville a French author and chemist.
Oct 17 Maria Teresa Agnesi Pinottini an Italian composer. Though she was most famous for her compositions, she was also an accomplished harpsichordist and singer, and the majority of her surviving compositions were written for keyboard, the voice, or both. She was born in Milan to Pietro Agnesi, an overbearing man in the lesser nobility. He provided early education for both Maria Teresa and her more famous older sister, Maria Gaetana, a mathematics and language prodigy who lectured and debated all over Europe while her sister performed. Maria Teresa was married to Pier Antonio Pinottini on June 13, 1752, and they settled in a district populated by intellects and artists, but eventually suffered severe financial ruin. Pinottini died not too long afterwards
Oct 19 John Woolman a North American merchant, tailor, journalist, and itinerant Quaker preacher, and an early abolitionist in the colonial era. Based in Mount Holly, New Jersey, near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, he traveled through frontier areas of British North America to preach Quaker beliefs, and advocate against slavery and the slave trade, cruelty to animals, economic injustices and oppression, and conscription. From 1755 during the French and Indian War, he urged tax resistance to deny support to the military. In 1772, Woolman traveled to England, where he urged Quakers to support abolition of slavery
Nov 1 Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte a French admiral.
Nov 4 Jean Baptiste Christophore Fusée Aublet a French pharmacist, botanist and explorer.
Nov 7 Heraclius II of Georgia a Georgian monarch of the Bagrationi Dynasty, reigning as the king of Kakheti from 1744 to 1762, and of Kartli and Kakheti from 1762 until 1798. In the contemporary Persian sources he is referred to as Erekli Khan , while Russians knew him as Irakly. His name is frequently transliterated in a Latinized form Heraclius because both names Erekle and Irakli are Georgian versions of this Greek name
Nov 10 Honoré III Prince of Monaco Duke of Valentinois for almost sixty years from 1733 to 1793. Honoré was the son of Jacques I, Prince of Monaco and his wife, Louise Hippolyte, Princess of Monaco
Nov 16 Mateo de la Mata Ponce de León a Spanish colonial official in Peru. He was president of the Audiencia of Quito from 1691 to 1699. From March 2 to August 15, 1716 he served as interim viceroy of Peru
Nov 16 Carlo Antonio Campioni an Italian composer, as well as a collector of early music.
Dec 8 Nanasaheb Peshwa the son of Bajirao from his marriage with Kashibai and one of the Peshwa of the Maratha Empire. He contributed heavily to the development of the city of Pune, India. He was appointed as Peshwa by Chattrapati Shahu himself. At time of his death in 1749, the issueless Shahu made him the Peshwas of Maratha Empire.His career saw some of the best and worst moments of the Maratha empire. Maratha power in India reached its peak under his reign. With able leadership by his family members and other Maratha Generals, the borders of Maratha Empire crossed Peshawar by 1760 However, he is also partly been held responsible for the defeat of the Marathas at the Battle of Panipat
Dec 13 Carlo Gozzi an Italian playwright.
Dec 14 Justus Möser a German jurist and social theorist.
Dec 25 Anna Maria Mozart the mother of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Maria Anna Mozart.
Dec 31 Charles Edward Stuart the second Jacobite pretender to the thrones of England, Scotland, and Ireland. This claim was as the eldest son of James Francis Edward Stuart, himself the son of James II of England. Charles is perhaps best known as the instigator of the unsuccessful Jacobite uprising of 1745, in which he led an insurrection to restore his family to the throne of the Kingdom of Great Britain, which ended in defeat at the Battle of Culloden that effectively ended the Jacobite cause. Charles's flight from Scotland after the uprising has rendered him a romantic figure of heroic failure in some later representations. In 1759 he was involved in a French plan to invade Britain which was abandoned following British naval victories