1721 in history

1721 events chronologically

Jan 6 The Committee of Inquiry on the South Sea Bubble publishes its findings
Mar 24 Johann Sebastian Bach dedicated six concertos to Christian Ludwig, margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt, now commonly called the Brandenburg concertos, BWV 1046–1051
Apr 4 Sir Robert Walpole takes office as the first Prime Minister of the United Kingdom under King George I
Apr 26 A massive earthquake devastates the Iranian city of Tabriz

Top 7 most famous people born in 1721

Jan 30 Bernardo Bellotto an Italian urban landscape painter or vedutista, and printmaker in etching famous for his vedute of European cities. He was the pupil and nephew of Canaletto and sometimes used the latter's illustrious name, signing himself as Bernardo Canaletto. In Germany and Poland, Bellotto called himself by his uncle's name, Canaletto
Mar 19 Tobias Smollett a Scottish poet and author. He was best known for his picaresque novels, such as The Adventures of Roderick Random and The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle , which influenced later novelists such as Charles Dickens. George Orwell admired Smollett very much. His novels were amended liberally by printers; a definitive edition of each of his works was edited by O. Brack, to correct variants
Apr 19 Roger Sherman an early American lawyer and politician, as well as a Founding Father of the United States. He served as the first mayor of New Haven, Connecticut, and served on the Committee of Five that drafted the Declaration of Independence, and was also a representative and senator in the new republic. He was the only person to sign all four great state papers of the U.S.: the Continental Association, the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution. Thomas Jefferson said of him: "That is Sherman, of Connecticut, a man who never said a foolish thing in his life."
Apr 26 Prince William Duke of Cumberland the third and youngest son of George II of Great Britain and Caroline of Ansbach, and Duke of Cumberland from 1726. He is generally best remembered for his role in putting down the Jacobite Rising at the Battle of Culloden in 1746, which success made him immensely popular throughout Britain. At present, however, he is regularly referred to by the nickname given to him by his English Tory opponents: "Butcher" Cumberland. Despite Culloden, he had a largely unsuccessful military career, and following the Convention of Klosterzeven in 1757, he never held active military command, and switched his attentions to politics and horse racing
Sep 9 Fredrik Henrik af Chapman a Swedish shipbuilder, scientist and officer in the Swedish navy. He was also manager of the Karlskrona shipyard 1782-1793. Chapman is credited as the first person to apply scientific methods to shipbuilding and is considered to be the first naval architect
Dec 6 Guillaume-Chrétien de Lamoignon de Malesherbes a French statesman, minister, and afterwards counsel for the defence of Louis XVI.
Dec 29 Madame de Pompadour a member of the French court and was the official chief mistress of Louis XV from 1745 to her death. She was trained from childhood to be a mistress, and learned her trade well. She took charge of the king’s schedule and was an indispensable aide and advisor, despite her frail health and many political enemies. She secured titles of nobility for herself and her relatives, and built a network of clients and supporters. She paid careful attention not to alienate the Queen, Marie Leszczyńska. She was a major patron of architecture and decorative arts such as porcelain. She was a patron of the philosophes of the Enlightenment, including Voltaire. Hostile critics at the time said she was responsible for the Seven Years' War, and generally tarred her as a malevolent political influence. Historians are more favourable, emphasizing her successes as a patron of the arts and a champion of French pride

Top 7 most famous people died in 1721

Mar 15 Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow Queen consort of Denmark and Norway as the first spouse of the King Frederick IV of Denmark.
Mar 19 Pope Clement XI Pope from 23 November 1700 to his death in 1721.
Jul 8 Elihu Yale a Welsh merchant and philanthropist, Governor of the East India Company settlement in Fort George, at Madras and a benefactor of the Collegiate School in the Colony of Connecticut, which in 1718 was renamed Yale College in his honor.
Jul 18 Jean-Antoine Watteau a French painter whose brief career spurred the revival of interest in colour and movement, as seen in the tradition of Correggio and Rubens. He revitalized the waning Baroque style, shifting it to the less severe, more naturalistic, less formally classical Rococo
Sep 17 Marguerite Louise d'Orléans Grand Duchess of Tuscany, as the wife of Grand Duke Cosimo III de' Medici. Deprived of her lover, Charles V of Lorraine, and yearning for France, Marguerite Louise despised her husband and his family, whom she often quarrelled with and falsely suspected of attempting to poison her. Marguerite Louise reconciled with the Medici on more than one occasion, however, only to promptly resume hostilities
Sep 18 Matthew Prior an English poet and diplomat. He is also known as a contributor to The Examiner
Dec 13 Alexander Selkirk a Scottish sailor who spent more than four years as a castaway after being marooned on an uninhabited island in the South Pacific Ocean.