Died in 1721

Jan 26 Pierre Daniel Huet a French churchman and scholar, editor of the Delphin Classics, founder of the Academie du Physique in Caen and Bishop of Soissons from 1685 to 1689 and afterwards of Avranches.
Feb 16 James Craggs the Younger a British politician.
Feb 22 Johann Christoph Bach (1671–1721) a German musician and composer. He was the eldest brother of the more famous German musician and composer Johann Sebastian Bach. Johann Christoph was born in Erfurt, where he studied under Johann Pachelbel, and his library of keyboard music included works by Pachelbel, Johann Jakob Froberger and Johann Kaspar Kerll. In 1690 he became organist at the Michaeliskirche at Ohrdruf, and in 1694 he was married there. He died, aged 49, in Ohrdruf
Feb 24 John Sheffield 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normanby an English poet and notable Tory politician of the late Stuart period, who served as Lord Privy Seal and Lord President of the Council.
Mar 15 Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow Queen consort of Denmark and Norway as the first spouse of the King Frederick IV of Denmark.
Mar 16 James Craggs the Elder an English politician and the father of James Craggs the Younger.
Mar 19 Pope Clement XI Pope from 23 November 1700 to his death in 1721.
Mar 29 Charles Vane an English pirate who preyed upon English and French shipping. His pirate career lasted from 1716 to 1719. His flagship was a brigantine named the Ranger
Apr 14 Michel Chamillart a French statesman, a minister of King Louis XIV of France.
May 4 Nicolas Desmarets a Controller-General of Finances during the reign of Louis XIV of France.
May 8 Marc-René de Voyer de Paulmy d'Argenson (1652–1721) a French politician.
Jun 18 Philip Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal the son of William VI, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel and Hedwig Sophia of Brandenburg. He was the first landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal from 1663 to 1721 and the founder of the fifth branch of the house of Hesse
Jul 8 Elihu Yale a Welsh merchant and philanthropist, Governor of the East India Company settlement in Fort George, at Madras and a benefactor of the Collegiate School in the Colony of Connecticut, which in 1718 was renamed Yale College in his honor.
Jul 18 Jean-Antoine Watteau a French painter whose brief career spurred the revival of interest in colour and movement, as seen in the tradition of Correggio and Rubens. He revitalized the waning Baroque style, shifting it to the less severe, more naturalistic, less formally classical Rococo
Aug 3 Grinling Gibbons a Dutch-British sculptor and wood carver known for his work in England, including St Paul's Cathedral, Blenheim Palace and Hampton Court Palace. He was born and educated in Holland of English parents, his father being a merchant. He is widely regarded as the finest wood carver working in England, and the only one whose name is widely known among the general public. Most of his work is in lime wood, especially decorative Baroque garlands made up of still-life elements at about life size, made to frame mirrors and decorate the walls of churches and palaces, but he also produced furniture and small relief plaques with figurative scenes. He also worked in stone, mostly for churches. By the time he was established he led a large workshop, and the extent to which his personal hand appears in later work varies
Aug 13 Jacques Lelong born at Paris.
Aug 16 Christian Friedrich Hunold a German author who wrote under the pseudonym Menantes.
Sep 8 Michael Brokoff a Czech sculptor of the Baroque era, working with sandstone.
Sep 11 Rudolf Jakob Camerarius a German botanist and physician.
Sep 17 Marguerite Louise d'Orléans Grand Duchess of Tuscany, as the wife of Grand Duke Cosimo III de' Medici. Deprived of her lover, Charles V of Lorraine, and yearning for France, Marguerite Louise despised her husband and his family, whom she often quarrelled with and falsely suspected of attempting to poison her. Marguerite Louise reconciled with the Medici on more than one occasion, however, only to promptly resume hostilities
Sep 18 Matthew Prior an English poet and diplomat. He is also known as a contributor to The Examiner
Sep 20 Thomas Doggett an Irish actor.
Oct 11 Anton Florian Prince of Liechtenstein the Prince of Liechtenstein between 1718 and 1721.
Oct 11 Edward Colston a Bristol-born English merchant and Member of Parliament. Much of his wealth, although used often for philanthropic purposes, was acquired through the trade and exploitation of slaves. He endowed schools and almshouses and his name is commemorated in several Bristol landmarks, streets, three schools and the Colston bun
Dec 13 Alexander Selkirk a Scottish sailor who spent more than four years as a castaway after being marooned on an uninhabited island in the South Pacific Ocean.
Dec 17 Richard Lumley 1st Earl of Scarbrough an English soldier and statesman best known for his role in the Glorious Revolution.