Born in 1722

Jan 3 Fredrik Hasselqvist a Swedish traveller and naturalist.
Jan 12 Nicolas Luckner a German in French service who rose to become a Marshal of France.
Jan 15 Herman Scholliner a German Benedictine theologian and historian.
Jan 26 Alexander Carlyle a Scottish church leader, and autobiographer.
Jan 29 Duchess Luise of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel daughter of Ferdinand Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and his wife Antoinette of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel.
Feb 19 Charles-François Tiphaigne de la Roche a French author.
Feb 24 John Burgoyne a British army officer, politician and dramatist. He first saw action during the Seven Years' War when he participated in several battles, most notably during the Portugal Campaign of 1762
Mar 15 Gabriel Lenkiewicz a Polish–Lithuanian Jesuit priest, and Temporary Vicar General of the Society of Jesus from 1785 until 1798, at a time when, being suppressed in all Catholic countries, the Society of Jesus was still surviving in Russia.
Mar 23 Jean-Baptiste Chappe d'Auteroche a French astronomer, best known for his observations of the transits of Venus in 1761 and 1769.
Apr 11 Christopher Smart an English poet. He was a major contributor to two popular magazines and a friend to influential cultural icons like Samuel Johnson and Henry Fielding. Smart, a high church Anglican, was widely known throughout London
Apr 12 Pietro Nardini an Italian composer and violinist.
May 2 Gerhard Schøning a Norwegian historian. His Reise som giennem en Deel af Norge i de Aar 1773, 1774, 1775 paa Hans Majestets Kongens Bekostning documenting travel through Trondheim, Gudbrandsdal and Hedmark, Norway in 1773–1775 has been recognized as both a historical reference and as a "minor travel classic."
May 11 Petrus Camper a Dutch physician, anatomist, physiologist, midwife, zoologist, anthropologist, paleontologist and a naturalist. He studied the orangutan, the rhinoceros, and the skull of a mosasaur, which he believed was a whale. One of the first to interest himself in comparative anatomy and paleontology, he also invented the measure of the facial angle. Camper was not a dull professor in his library, becoming a celebrity in Europe and a member of the Royal Society. He was interested in architecture, mathematics, and made drawings for his lectures. He designed and made tools for his patients, always trying to be practical. Besides he was a sculptor, a patron of art and a conservative politician
May 26 Washington Shirley 5th Earl Ferrers a British Royal Navy officer, peer, freemason and amateur astronomer.
May 29 James FitzGerald 1st Duke of Leinster Lieutenant-General James FitzGerald, 1st Duke of Leinster, etc. PC , styled Lord Offaly until 1744 and known as The Earl of Kildare between 1744 and 1761 and as The Marquess of Kildare between 1761 and 1766, was an Irish nobleman, soldier and politician
Jun 30 Jiří Antonín Benda a Czech composer, violinist and Kapellmeister of the classical period.
Jul 11 Prince George William of Hesse-Darmstadt a Prince of Hesse-Darmstadt. He was born in Darmstadt
Jul 16 Joseph Wilton an English sculptor. He was one of the founding members of the Royal Academy in 1768, and the academy's third keeper. His works are particularly numerous memorialising the famous Britons in Westminster Abbey
Aug 9 Prince Augustus William of Prussia Prince of Prussia and a brother of Frederick He was the second son of Frederick William I and Sophia Dorothea.
Aug 11 Richard Brocklesby born at Minehead, Somerset.
Sep 2 Vigilius Eriksen a Danish painter. He was the royal portraitist to Christian VI of Denmark
Sep 4 Thomas Pownall a British politician and colonial official. He was governor of the Province of Massachusetts Bay from 1757 to 1760, and afterward served in the British Parliament. He travelled widely in the North American colonies prior to the American Revolutionary War, opposed Parliamentary attempts to tax the colonies, and was a minority advocate of colonial positions until the Revolution
Sep 5 Frederick Christian Elector of Saxony the Prince-Elector of Saxony for less than three months in 1763. He was a member of the House of Wettin. He was the third but eldest surviving son of Frederick Augustus II, Prince-Elector of Saxony and King of Poland, by his wife, Maria Josepha of Austria
Sep 6 Christian IV Count Palatine of Zweibrücken Duke of Zweibrücken from 1735 to 1775. He was the son of Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken and Caroline of Nassau-Saarbrücken
Sep 16 Gabriel Christie (British Army officer) a British Army General from Scotland, who settled in Montreal after the French and Indian War. Following the British Conquest of New France, he invested in land and became one of the largest landowners in the British Province of Quebec
Sep 21 Gisela Agnes of Anhalt-Köthen a princess of Anhalt-Köthen by birth and by marriage Duchess of Anhalt-Dessau.
Sep 27 Samuel Adams an American statesman, political philosopher, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. As a politician in colonial Massachusetts, Adams was a leader of the movement that became the American Revolution, and was one of the architects of the principles of American republicanism that shaped the political culture of the United States. He was a second cousin to President John Adams
Oct 2 Leopold Widhalm an Austrian luthier.
Oct 3 Johann Heinrich Tischbein one of the most respected European painters in the 18th century and an important member of the Tischbein dynasty of German painters, which spanned four generations.
Oct 10 Humphry Marshall an American botanist and plant dealer.
Oct 15 George VI of Imereti a Georgian nobleman and King of Imereti as George VI from 1702 to 1707. He was a member of the prominent Abashidze family
Oct 31 Princess Ulrike Friederike Wilhelmine of Hesse-Kassel a member of the House of Hesse-Kassel by birth, and of the House of Holstein-Gottorp through her marriage to Frederick Augustus I, Duke of Oldenburg. Ulrike was the Duchess consort of Oldenburg from 1774 until her husband's death in 6 July 1785
Nov 5 William Byron 5th Baron Byron the poet George Gordon Byron's great uncle. He was the son of William Byron, 4th Baron Byron and his wife Hon. Frances Berkeley, a descendant of John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton
Nov 11 Nicolas Antoine Boulanger a French philosopher and man of letters during the Age of Enlightenment.
Nov 19 Benjamin Chew a fifth-generation American, a Quaker-born legal scholar, a prominent and successful Philadelphia lawyer, head of the Pennsylvania Judiciary System under both Colony and Commonwealth, and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Province of Pennsylvania. Chew was well known for his precision and brevity in making legal arguments as well as his excellent memory, judgment, and knowledge of statutory law. His primary allegiance was to the supremacy of law and constitution
Nov 19 Leopold Auenbrugger the Austrian physician who invented percussion as a diagnostic technique. On the strength of this discovery, he is considered one of the founders of modern medicine
Nov 22 Marc Antoine René de Voyer a French ambassador to Switzerland, Poland, Venice and to the Holy See; and later Minister of War. He was also a noted bibliophile and collector of art
Nov 25 Heinrich Johann Nepomuk von Crantz a botanist and a physician.
Nov 30 Théodore Gardelle a Swiss painter and enameller.
Dec 3 Gregory Skovoroda a Ukrainian and Russian philosopher, poet, teacher and composer. Skovoroda was of a Cossack background in current day Ukraine, who lived in the Russian Empire and made important contributions to Russian philosophy and culture. He lived and worked in Sloboda Ukraine, which is today partly in modern Ukraine and partly in Russia. Skovoroda was so important for Russian culture and development of Russian philosophical thought, that he has been referred to as the "Russian Socrates."
Dec 7 Anna Vorontsova a Russian lady in waiting, salonist and noble, cousin of the Empress Elizabeth of Russia. She was married to Chancellor Count Mikhail Illarionovich Vorontsov
Dec 20 Paisius Velichkovsky an Eastern Orthodox monk and theologian who helped spread staretsdom or the concept of the spiritual elder to the Slavic world. He is a pivotal figure in Orthodox Church history
Dec 25 Stanisław Lubomirski (1722–1782) a Polish nobleman. He was awarded Knight of the Order of the White Eagle on August 3, 1757 in Warsaw
Dec 28 John Pitcairn a British Marine officer who was stationed in Boston, Massachusetts at the start of the American Revolutionary War.
Dec 30 Charles Yorke Lord Chancellor of Great Britain.