Died in 1724

Feb 12 Elkanah Settle an English poet and playwright.
Mar 4 Eleonore Juliane of Brandenburg-Ansbach a princess of Brandenburg-Ansbach and through her marriage duchess of Württemberg-Winnental.
Mar 7 Pope Innocent XIII born as Michelangelo dei Conti and was Pope from 8 May 1721 to his death in 1724. He is the last pope to date to take the pontifical name of "Innocent" upon his election
Mar 9 Ernest Frederick I Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen a duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen.
Mar 10 Urban Hjärne a Swedish chemist, geologist, physician and writer.
Mar 15 Marie Jeanne Baptiste of Savoy-Nemours born a Princess of Savoy and was later the Duchess of Savoy. Married by proxy to Charles of Lorraine in 1662, Lorraine soon refused to recognise the union. Despite this, she married Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy in 1665 who was her second cousin once removed. The mother of the future Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia who saw the elevation of the House of Savoy to kings, she styled herself as Madama Reale or Madame Royale and acted as Regent of Savoy from 1675 in the name of her son Victor Amadeus II who was his successor. Her regency officially ended in 1680 but she maintained power for four years until her son banished her from further influence in the state. She left a considerable architectural legacy in Turin and was responsible for the remodelling of the Palazzo Madama which was her private residence. At the time of her death she was the mother of the King of Sardinia as well as great grandmother of the King of Spain and King of France
Mar 31 Sophia of Saxe-Weissenfels Princess of Anhalt-Zerbst a member of the Albertine branch of the House of Wettin, and a princess of Saxe-Weissenfels and Querfurt by birth and by marriage Duchess of Anhalt-Zerbst.
May 3 John Leverett the Younger an early American lawyer, politician, educator, and President of Harvard College.
May 21 Robert Harley 1st Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer a British politician and statesman of the late Stuart and early Georgian periods. He began his career as a Whig, before defecting to a new Tory Ministry. Between 1711 and 1714 he served as Lord High Treasurer, effectively Queen Anne's chief minister. He has been called a Prime Minister, though it is generally accepted that the position was first held by Sir Robert Walpole in 1721
May 21 Antonio Salvi an Italian physician, court poet and librettist. He was in the service of the ducal court in Florence and the favourite librettist of Prince Ferdinando de' Medici. Salvi was one of the developers of the opera seria
Jun 15 Henry Sacheverell an English High Church clergyman and politician.
Jun 17 Benedetto Luti an Italian painter.
Jun 24 Johann Theile a German composer of the Baroque era, famous for the opera Adam und Eva, Der erschaffene, gefallene und aufgerichtete Mensch, first performed in Hamburg on 2 January 1678.
Aug 31 Louis I of Spain King of Spain from 15 January 1724 until his death in August the same year. His reign is one of the shortest in history, lasting for just over seven months
Sep 6 Jonathan Singletary Dunham a prominent early American settler of Woodbridge Township, New Jersey, who built the first gristmill in New Jersey. He is U.S. President Barack Obama’s eighth great-grandfather and the first of Obama’s Dunham ancestors to be born in North America
Oct 2 François-Timoléon de Choisy a French author.
Nov 11 Joseph Blake (criminal) an 18th-century English highwayman and felon.
Nov 16 Jack Sheppard a notorious English thief and gaol-breaker of early 18th-century London. Born into a poor family, he was apprenticed as a carpenter but took to theft and burglary in 1723, with little more than a year of his training to complete. He was arrested and imprisoned five times in 1724 but escaped four times from prison, making him a notorious public figure, and wildly popular with the poorer classes. Ultimately, he was caught, convicted, and hanged at Tyburn, ending his brief criminal career after less than two years. The inability of the notorious "Thief-Taker General" Jonathan Wild to control Sheppard, and injuries suffered by Wild at the hands of Sheppard's colleague, Joseph "Blueskin" Blake, led to Wild's downfall
Nov 18 Bartolomeu de Gusmão a Brazilian priest and naturalist, noted for his early work on lighter-than-air airship design.
Nov 24 Ernst Ludwig I Duke of Saxe-Meiningen a German nobleman.
Dec 29 Pavlo Polubotok a Cossack political and military leader and Acting Hetman of the Left-bank Ukraine between 1722 and 1724.