Died in 1726

Jan 2 Domenico Zipoli an Italian Baroque composer who worked and died in Córdoba. He became a Jesuit in order to work in the Reductions of Paraguay where his musical expertise contributed to develop the natural musical talents of the Guaranis. He is remembered as the most accomplished musician among Jesuit missionaries
Jan 25 Guillaume Delisle a French cartographer known for his popular and accurate maps of Europe and the newly explored Americas and Africa.
Feb 18 Adam Mikołaj Sieniawski a Polish noble , military leader.
Feb 18 Jacques Carrey a French painter and draughtsman, now remembered almost exclusively for the series of drawings he made of the Parthenon, Athens, in 1674.
Feb 26 Maximilian II Emanuel Elector of Bavaria a Wittelsbach ruler of Bavaria and a Kurfürst of the Holy Roman Empire. He was also the last governor of the Spanish Netherlands and duke of Luxembourg. An able soldier, his ambition led to conflicts that limited his ultimate dynastic achievements
Feb 28 Konstanty Władysław Sobieski the son of Jan III Sobieski, King of Poland, and his wife, Marie Casimire Louise de la Grange d'Arquien. In 1708 he married Maria Józefa Wessel
Mar 5 Evelyn Pierrepont 1st Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull an English aristocrat.
Mar 20 Isaac Newton English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher
Mar 26 John Vanbrugh an English architect and dramatist, perhaps best known as the designer of Blenheim Palace and Castle Howard. He wrote two argumentative and outspoken Restoration comedies, The Relapse and The Provoked Wife , which have become enduring stage favourites but originally occasioned much controversy. He was knighted in 1714
Apr 13 Antonio Palomino a Spanish painter of the Baroque period, and a writer on art, author of El Museo pictórico y escala óptica, which contains a large amount of important biographical material on Spanish artists.
Apr 24 Christian August of Holstein-Gottorp Prince of Eutin a cadet of the reigning ducal House of Holstein-Gottorp who became prince of Eutin, prince-bishop of Lübeck and regent of the Duchy of Holstein-Gottorp.
Apr 26 Jeremy Collier an English theatre critic, non-juror bishop and theologian.
Apr 28 Thomas Pitt a British merchant involved in trade with India.
May 10 Charles Beauclerk 1st Duke of St Albans an illegitimate son of King Charles II of England by his mistress Nell Gwynne.
Jun 12 Fabrizio Paolucci an Italian cardinal in the Roman Catholic Church, appointed by Pope Innocent XII.
Jun 18 Michel Richard Delalande a French Baroque composer and organist who was in the service of King Louis XIV. He was one of the most important composers of grands motets. He also wrote orchestral suites known as Simphonies pour les Soupers du Roy and ballets. His works foreshadowed the cantatas of JS Bach and the Water Music and oratorios of Handel
Jul 1 Countess Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg the wife of Duke Louis VIII of Hesse-Darmstadt.
Jul 3 Anikita Repnin a prominent Russian general during the Great Northern War who superintended the taking of Riga in 1710 and served as the Governor of Livland from 1719 until his death.
Jul 3 Galeazzo Marescotti an Italian cardinal.
Jul 8 Antonio Maria Bononcini an Italian cellist and composer, the younger brother of the better-known Giovanni Bononcini.
Jul 8 John Ker a Scottish spy during the Jacobite risings.
Jul 12 William Fly an English pirate who raided New England shipping fleets for three months in 1726 until he was captured by the crew of a seized ship. He was hanged in Boston, Massachusetts and his body publicly exhibited as a warning to other pirates. His death is considered by many to mark the end of the Golden Age of Piracy
Jul 20 Henri-Jacques Nompar de Caumont duc de La Force a French nobleman and peer, the son of Jacques-Nompar II de Caumont, duc de La Force and Suzanne de Beringhen. He was a member of the Académie française
Jul 31 Nicolaus II Bernoulli a.k.a. Niklaus Bernoulli, Nikolaus Bernoulli, was a Swiss mathematician as were his father Johann Bernoulli and one of his brothers, Daniel Bernoulli. He was one of the many prominent mathematicians in the Bernoulli family
Aug 30 Eleonore Wilhelmine of Anhalt-Köthen a princess of Anhalt-Köthen by births and by marriage successively Princess of Saxe-Merseburg and Duchess of Saxe-Weimar.
Oct 9 Casimir William of Hesse-Homburg a prince of Hesse-Homburg.
Oct 10 Tommaso Redi (painter) an Italian painter, who was active during the late-Baroque in his native Florence.
Nov 13 Sophia Dorothea of Celle the repudiated wife of George I of Great Britain and mother of George The union with her first cousin was an arranged marriage of state, instigated by the machinations of his mother, Sophia of Hanover. She is best remembered for her alleged affair with Philip Christoph von Königsmarck that led to her being imprisoned in the Castle of Ahlden for the last thirty years of her life
Nov 22 Anton Domenico Gabbiani an Italian painter and active in a late Baroque style.
Dec 2 Samuel Penhallow a Cornish colonist and historian and militia leader in present-day Maine during Queen Anne's War and Father Rale's War. He was the commander at Fort Menaskoux and was attacked during the Northeast Coast Campaign