Born in 1727

Jan 2 James Wolfe a British Army officer, known for his training reforms but remembered chiefly for his victory over the French at the Battle of Quebec in Canada in 1759. The son of a distinguished general, Lieutenant-General Edward Wolfe, he had received his first commission at a young age and saw extensive service in Europe where he fought during the War of the Austrian Succession. His service in Flanders and in Scotland, where he took part in the suppression of the Jacobite Rebellion, brought him to the attention of his superiors. The advancement of his career was halted by the Peace Treaty of 1748 and he spent much of the next eight years on garrison duty in the Scottish Highlands. Already a brigade major at the age of eighteen, he was a lieutenant-colonel by the age of twenty-three
Feb 8 Jean-André Deluc a Swiss geologist and meteorologist. He also devised measuring instruments
Feb 16 Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin a scientist who studied medicine, chemistry and botany.
Feb 25 Armand-Louis Couperin a French composer, organist, and harpsichordist of the late Baroque and early Classical periods. He was a member of the Couperin family of musicians, of which the most notable were his great uncle Louis and his cousin François
Mar 3 Christen Friis Rottbøll a Danish physician and botanist and pupil of Carolus Linnaeus.
Mar 7 André Morellet a French economist writer and contributor to the Encyclopédie ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers. He was one of the last of the philosophes, and in this character he figures in many memoirs, such as those of Madame de Rémusat
Mar 9 Johann Gottlieb Preller a German cantor, composer, and land surveyor.
Mar 14 Johann Gottlieb Goldberg a German virtuoso harpsichordist, organist, and composer of the late Baroque and early Classical period. He is best known for lending his name, as the probable original performer, to the renowned Goldberg Variations of J.S. Bach
Mar 28 Maximilian III Joseph Elector of Bavaria Prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire and Duke of Bavaria from 1745 to 1777.
Mar 30 Tommaso Traetta an Italian composer.
Apr 5 Pasquale Anfossi an Italian opera composer. Born in Taggia, Liguria, he studied with Niccolò Piccinni and Antonio Sacchini, and worked mainly in London, Venice and Rome
Apr 7 Michel Adanson a French naturalist of Scottish descent.
Apr 10 Samuel Heinicke born in Nautschutz, Germany.
Apr 26 Charles Jenkinson 1st Earl of Liverpool a British statesman. He was the father of Prime Minister Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool
Apr 29 Jean-Georges Noverre generally considered the creator of ballet d'action, a precursor of the narrative ballets of the 19th century. His birthday is now observed as International Dance Day
May 10 Anne-Robert-Jacques Turgot Baron de Laune a French economist and statesman. Originally considered a physiocrat, he is today best remembered as an early advocate for economic liberalism
May 14 Thomas Gainsborough an English portrait and landscape painter.
Jun 10 Ernest Frederick III Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen a duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen.
Jul 1 Francesco Giuseppe Casanova an Italian painter and a younger brother of Giacomo Casanova.
Jul 13 Johann Christoph Gatterer a German historian who was a native of Lichtenau. He was the father of cameralist Christoph Wilhelm Jacob Gatterer and poet Magdalena Philippine Engelhard
Jul 26 Horatio Gates a retired British soldier who served as an American general during the Revolutionary War. He took credit for the American victory in the Battles of Saratoga — a matter of contemporary and historical controversy — and was blamed for the defeat at the Battle of Camden. Gates has been described as "one of the Revolution's most controversial military figures" because of his role in the Conway Cabal, which attempted to discredit and replace George Washington; the battle at Saratoga; and his actions during and after his defeat at Camden
Aug 10 Prince Karl Anton August of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck the son of Peter August, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck and Princess Sophie of Hesse-Philippsthal.
Aug 14 Louise Élisabeth of France the eldest daughter of King Louis XV of France and his Queen consort, Maria Leszczyńska, and the elder twin sister of Anne Henriette de France. As the daughter of the king, she was a Daughter of France. She married Infante Philip, younger son of Philip V of Spain, and later became Duchess of Parma. In secondary sources she is referred also as "Louise Élisabeth of France"
Aug 14 Princess Henriette of France the twin sister of Louise Élisabeth de France, the eldest child of King Louis XV of France and of his queen consort Marie Leszczyńska.
Aug 30 Giovanni Domenico Tiepolo an Italian painter and printmaker in etching. He was the son of artist Giovanni Battista Tiepolo and elder brother of Lorenzo Baldissera Tiepolo
Sep 1 Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Gobel a French Roman Catholic cleric and politician of the Revolution. He was executed during the Reign of Terror
Sep 21 Francesco Bartolozzi an Italian engraver, whose most productive period was spent in London.
Oct 2 Ignaz Schiffermüller an Austrian naturalist mainly interested in Lepidoptera.
Oct 9 Étienne Charles de Loménie de Brienne a French churchman, politician and finance minister of Louis XVI.
Oct 23 Cäcilia Weber the mother of Constanze Weber and the mother-in-law of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
Nov 1 Ivan Shuvalov called the Maecenas of the Russian Enlightenment and the first Russian Minister of Education. Russia's first theatre, university, and academy of arts were instituted with his active participation
Nov 17 Pierre-Laurent Buirette de Belloy a French dramatist and actor.
Nov 18 Philibert Commerson a French naturalist, best known for accompanying Louis Antoine de Bougainville on his voyage of circumnavigation in 1766–1769.
Nov 26 Artemas Ward an American major general in the American Revolutionary War and a Congressman from Massachusetts. President John Adams described him as "...universally esteemed, beloved and confided in by his army and his country." He was considered an effective political leader
Dec 6 Johann Gottfried Zinn a German anatomist and botanist member of the Berlin Academy.
Dec 14 François-Hubert Drouais a French painter and the father of Jean-Germain Drouais.