Died in 1728

Jan 30 Countess Palatine Elisabeth Auguste Sofie of Neuburg the only surviving child of Charles III Philip, Elector Palatine. The Palatinate-Neuburg line went extinct with her father and was succeeded by the Palatinate-Sulzbach line. Her sons with Count Palatine Joseph Charles of Sulzbach would have been the indisputable heirs to the Electorate of the Palatinate, but they all died in infancy. She was the Hereditary Princess of Sulzbach by marriage
Feb 12 Agostino Steffani an Italian ecclesiastic, diplomat and composer.
Feb 13 Cotton Mather a socially and politically influential New England Puritan minister, prolific author and pamphleteer. Noted for fostering the Salem witch trials, Cotton Mather also has a scientific legacy due to his hybridization experiments and his promotion of inoculation for disease prevention
Feb 16 Heinrich of Saxe-Weissenfels Count of Barby a German prince of the House of Wettin and count of Barby.
Feb 16 Maria Aurora von Königsmarck a Swedish noblewoman of Brandenburg extraction and mistress of Augustus the Strong, Elector of Saxony and King of Poland.
Feb 28 Ogyū Sorai a Japanese Confucian philosopher. He has been described as the most influential such scholar during the Tokugawa period. His primary area of study was in applying the teachings of Confucianism to government and social order. He responded to contemporary economic and political failings in Japan, as well as the culture of mercantilism and the dominance of old institutions that had become weak with extravagance. Sorai rejected the moralism of Song Confucianism and instead looked to the ancient works. He argued that allowing emotions to be expressed was important and nurtured Chinese literature in Japan for this reason. Sorai attracted a large following with his teachings and created the Sorai school, which would become an influential force in further Confucian scholarship in Japan
Mar 4 Grand Duchess Anna Petrovna of Russia the elder daughter of Emperor Peter I of Russia and Empress Catherine I of Russia. Her sister, Elizabeth of Russia, ruled as Empress between 1741 and 1762. Her son Peter ruled as Emperor in 1762 as Elizabeth's heir. She was the Duchess of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp by marriage
Mar 7 Frederick Louis Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck a Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck and field marshal of the Prussian Army. He was the son of August Philipp, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck and Countess Marie Sibylle of Nassau-Saarbrücken
Mar 8 Giovanni Mario Crescimbeni an Italian critic and poet. Crescimbeni was born in Macerata, which was then part of the Papal States
Mar 20 Camille d'Hostun duc de Tallard a French noble, diplomat and military commander, who became Marshal of France.
Apr 3 James Anderson (lawyer) born at Edinburgh.
Apr 10 Nicodemus Tessin the Younger a Swedish Baroque architect, city planner, and administrator.
Apr 30 Jacob Heinrich von Flemming a Saxon count, military officer and politician. He was born in Hoff, Prussian Province of Pomerania to a noble family. He completed his law studies in 1688, after which he entered service with Brandenburg. He attained the rank of general in 1705 and Generalfeldmarschall in 1711
Jun 23 Gabriel Daniel born in Rouen.
Aug 2 Stanisław Ernest Denhoff a Polish noble , Grand Master of the Hunt of Lithuania , Grand Chorąży of the Crown , voivode of Połock , politician and a military commander.
Aug 11 William Sherard an English botanist. Next to John Ray, he was considered to be one of the outstanding English botanists of his day
Aug 14 Ernest Augustus Duke of York and Albany the younger brother of George I of Great Britain. Ernest was a soldier, and served with some distinction under Emperor Leopold I during the Nine Years' War and the War of Spanish Succession. In 1715 he became Prince-Bishop of Osnabrück
Aug 15 Marin Marais a French composer and viol player. He studied composition with Jean-Baptiste Lully, often conducting his operas, and with master of the bass viol Monsieur de Sainte-Colombe for six months. He was hired as a musician in 1676 to the royal court of Versailles. He did quite well as court musician, and in 1679 was appointed ordinaire de la chambre du roy pour la viole, a title he kept until 1725
Aug 26 William Ernest Duke of Saxe-Weimar a duke of Saxe-Weimar.
Aug 26 Anne Marie d'Orléans the first Queen consort of Sardinia and the maternal grandmother of Louis XV of France. She is also an important figure in British history
Sep 7 Henry Clinton 7th Earl of Lincoln the son of Francis Clinton, 6th Earl of Lincoln and his second wife Susan Penniston, daughter of Anthony Penniston. Upon his father's death in 1693, he became the 7th Earl of Lincoln, a peerage he held until his death in 1728
Sep 23 Christian Thomasius a German jurist and philosopher.
Nov 4 Stanisław Mateusz Rzewuski a Polish nobleman.
Nov 10 Fyodor Apraksin one of the first Russian admirals, governed Estonia and Karelia from 1712 to 1723, was made general admiral , presided over the Russian Admiralty from 1718 and commanded the Baltic Fleet from 1723.
Nov 19 Leopold Prince of Anhalt-Köthen a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Köthen. Today, he is probably best remembered for employing Johann Sebastian Bach as his Kapellmeister between 1717 and 1723
Nov 22 Grand Duchess Natalya Alexeyevna of Russia (1714–1728) a Russian Grand Duchess.
Dec 28 Anna Sophie of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg a princess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg and Duchess in Saxony by birth, and by marriage a Princess of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt.