Died in 1729

Jan 14 John William III Duke of Saxe-Eisenach a duke of Saxe-Eisenach.
Jan 19 William Congreve an English playwright and poet.
Jan 31 Jacob Roggeveen a Dutch explorer who was sent to find Terra Australis, but he instead came across Easter Island. Jacob Roggeveen also encountered Bora Bora and Maupiti of the Society Islands, Samoa. He planned the expedition along with his brother Jan Roggeveen, who stayed in the Netherlands
Feb 17 John Ernest IV Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld a duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld.
Feb 24 Ernst Ludwig II Duke of Saxe-Meiningen a duke of Saxe-Meiningen.
Mar 2 Francesco Bianchini an Italian philosopher and scientist. He worked for the curia of three popes, including being camiere d`honore of Clement XI, and secretary of the commission for the reform of the calendar, working on the method to calculate the astronomically correct date for Easter in a given year
Mar 15 Elisabeth Eleonore of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel the eldest daughter of Duke Anthony Ulrich of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and his wife Juliane of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Norburg.
Mar 21 John Law (economist) a Scottish economist who believed that money was only a means of exchange that did not constitute wealth in itself and that national wealth depended on trade. He was appointed Controller General of Finances of France under the Duke of Orleans, Regent for the youthful King Louis XV
Mar 26 Simon de la Loubère a French diplomat, writer, mathematician and poet.
Mar 27 Leopold Duke of Lorraine Duke of Lorraine and Bar from 1690 to his death.
Apr 12 Louis-Guillaume Pécour a French dancer and choreographer. He is most well known for his work with the Académie Royale de Musique
May 4 Louis Antoine de Noailles a French bishop and cardinal.
May 17 Samuel Clarke an English philosopher and Anglican clergyman. He is considered the major British figure in philosophy between John Locke and George Berkeley
Jun 17 Jean Meslier a French Catholic priest who was discovered, upon his death, to have written a book-length philosophical essay promoting atheism. Described by the author as his "testament" to his parishioners, the text denounces all religion
Jun 27 Élisabeth Jacquet de La Guerre a French musician, harpsichordist and composer.
Jul 16 Johann David Heinichen a German Baroque composer and music theorist who brought the musical genius of Venice to the court of Augustus the Strong in Dresden. Heinichen's music lingered in obscurity for a long time
Jul 18 Count Palatine Joseph Charles of Sulzbach the eldest son of Theodore Eustace, Count Palatine of Sulzbach.
Jul 31 Nicola Francesco Haym an Italian opera librettist, composer, theatre manager and performer, and numismatist. He is best remembered for adapting texts into libretti for the London operas of George Frideric Handel and Giovanni Bononcini. Libretti that he provided for Handel included those for Giulio Cesare, Ottone, Flavio, Tamerlano, Rodelinda, and several others; for Bononcini, he produced two, Calfurnia and Astianatte
Aug 5 Thomas Newcomen an English inventor who created the first practical steam engine for pumping water, the Newcomen steam engine. He was an ironmonger by trade and a Baptist lay preacher by calling. He was born in Dartmouth, Devon, England, to a merchant family and baptised at Saviour's Church on 24 February 1664. In those days flooding in coal and tin mines was a major problem, and Newcomen was soon engaged in trying to improve ways to pump out the water from such mines. His ironmonger's business specialised in designing, manufacturing and selling tools for the mining industry
Aug 22 Torii Kiyonobu I renowned for his work on kabuki signboards and related materials. Along with his father Torii Kiyomoto, he is said to have been one of the founders of the Torii school of painting
Sep 1 Richard Steele an Irish writer and politician, remembered as co-founder, with his friend Joseph Addison, of the magazine The Spectator.
Sep 3 Jean Hardouin born at Quimper in Brittany.
Sep 7 William Burnet (colonial administrator) a British civil servant and colonial administrator who served as governor of New York and New Jersey and Massachusetts and New Hampshire. Born into a position of privilege , Burnet was well educated, tutored among others by Isaac Newton
Oct 9 Richard Blackmore remembered primarily as the object of satire and as an example of a dull poet. He was, however, a respected physician and religious writer
Oct 10 Thomas Fairchild (gardener) an English gardener.
Nov 12 Aleksandr Danilovich Menshikov a Russian statesman, whose official titles included Generalissimus, Prince of the Russian Empire and Duke of Izhora , Prince of the Holy Roman Empire, Duke of Cosel. A highly appreciated associate and friend of Tsar Peter the Great, he was the de facto ruler of Russia for two years
Dec 1 Giacomo F. Maraldi a French-Italian astronomer and mathematician. His name is also given as Jacques Philippe Maraldi. Born in Perinaldo he was the nephew of Giovanni Cassini, and worked most of his life at the Paris Observatory. He also is the uncle of Jean-Dominique Maraldi
Dec 13 Anthony Collins an English philosopher, and a proponent of deism.
Dec 25 Christiane Charlotte of Württemberg-Winnental a German princess of the Württemberg-Winnental line. Born in Kirchheim unter Teck, her parents were Frederick Charles, Duke of Württemberg-Winnental, and his wife Eleonore Juliane of Brandenburg-Ansbach, a daughter of Albert II, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach