1730 in history

1730 events chronologically

Apr 8 Shearith Israel, the first synagogue in New York City, is dedicated
Jul 8 An estimated magnitude 8.7 earthquake causes a tsunami that damages more than 1,000 km (620 mi) of Chile's coastline
Oct 22 Construction of the Ladoga Canal is completed
Nov 18 The future Frederick II (known as Frederick the Great), King of Prussia, is granted a royal pardon and released from confinement

Top 7 most famous people born in 1730

Apr 16 Henry Clinton (American War of Independence) a British army officer and politician, best known for his service as a general during the American War of Independence. First arriving in Boston in May 1775, from 1778 to 1782 he was the British Commander-in-Chief in North America. In addition to his military service, due to the influence of the 2nd Duke of Newcastle, he was a Member of Parliament for many years. Late in life he was named Governor of Gibraltar, but died before assuming the post
May 13 Charles Watson-Wentworth 2nd Marquess of Rockingham KG, PC , styled The Hon. Charles Watson-Wentworth before 1733, Viscount Higham between 1733 and 1746, Earl of Malton between 1746 and 1750 and The Marquess of Rockingham in 1750, was a British Whig statesman, most notable for his two terms as Prime Minister of Great Britain. He became the patron of many Whigs, known as the Rockingham Whigs, and served as a leading Whig grandee. He served in only two high offices during his lifetime , but was nonetheless very influential during his one and a half years of service
Jun 14 Antonio Sacchini an Italian composer, most famous for his operas.
Jun 26 Charles Messier a French astronomer most notable for publishing an astronomical catalogue consisting of nebulae and star clusters that came to be known as the 110 "Messier objects". The purpose of the catalogue was to help astronomical observers, in particular comet hunters such as himself, distinguish between permanent and transient visually diffuse objects in the sky
Jul 12 Josiah Wedgwood credited with the industrialisation of the manufacture of pottery. A prominent abolitionist, Wedgwood is remembered for his "Am I Not a Man And a Brother?" anti-slavery medallion. He was a member of the Darwin–Wedgwood family. He was the grandfather of Charles Darwin and Emma Darwin
Aug 27 Johann Georg Hamann a German philosopher, whose work was used by his student G. Herder as a main support of the Sturm und Drang movement, and associated by historian of ideas Isaiah Berlin with the Counter-Enlightenment. However, recent scholarship such as that by theologian Oswald Bayer places Hamann into a more nebulous category of theologian and philologist, less the proto-Romantic that Herder presented and more a premodern-postmodern thinker who brought the consequences of Lutheran theology to bear upon the burgeoning Enlightenment and especially in reaction to Kant. Goethe and Kierkegaard were among those who considered him to be the finest mind of his time
Nov 24 Alexander Suvorov the last Generalissimo of the Russian Empire.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1730

Jan 7 Árni Magnússon an Icelandic scholar and collector of manuscripts. He assembled the Arnamagnæan Manuscript Collection
Jan 30 Peter II of Russia the Emperor of Russia from 1727 until his death. He was the only son of Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich, son of Peter I of Russia by his first consort Eudoxia Lopukhina, and Princess Charlotte of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Feb 21 Pope Benedict XIII Pope from 29 May 1724 to his death in 1730.
Mar 23 Charles I Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel the Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel from 1670 to 1730.
May 27 Leonardo Vinci an Italian composer, best known for his operas.
Jul 18 François de Neufville duc de Villeroy a French soldier.
Oct 12 Frederick IV of Denmark the king of Denmark and Norway from 1699 until his death. Frederick was the son of King Christian V of Denmark-Norway and his consort Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel