Born in 1730

Jan 6 Thomas Chittenden an important figure in the founding of Vermont, as the President of the Vermont Republic and the first Governor of the state of Vermont.
Jan 14 William Whipple a signatory of the United States Declaration of Independence as a representative of New Hampshire.
Feb 6 Januarius Zick a painter and architect. He is considered to be one of the main masters of the Late-Baroque
Feb 17 Richard Pulteney an English physician and botanist. He was a promoter of Linnaean taxonomy, and authored the first English language biography of Carl Linnaeus, entitled A General View of the Writings of Linnaeus. He was educated at Loughborough Grammar School, and a school house was named after him
Feb 22 Domenico Merlini an Italian-Polish architect whose work was mostly in the classical style.
Mar 7 Louis Auguste Le Tonnelier de Breteuil a French aristocrat, diplomat, statesman and politician. He was the last Prime Minister of the Bourbon Monarchy, appointed by King Louis XVI only one hundred hours before the storming of the Bastille
Mar 11 Otto Friedrich Müller a Danish naturalist.
Mar 19 Princess Maria Felicita of Savoy a princess of the house of Savoy, the third daughter of Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia and his second wife Polyxena of Hesse-Rotenburg. A religious woman, she died unmarried
Mar 27 Thomas Tyrwhitt an English classical scholar and critic.
Mar 31 Étienne Bézout a French mathematician who was born in Nemours, Seine-et-Marne, France, and died in Avon , France.
Apr 1 Salomon Gessner a Swiss painter and poet. His writing suited the taste of his time, though by some more recent standards it is “insipidly sweet and monotonously melodious.” As a painter, he represented the conventional classical landscape
Apr 15 Moses Harris an English entomologist and engraver.
Apr 16 Henry Clinton (American War of Independence) a British army officer and politician, best known for his service as a general during the American War of Independence. First arriving in Boston in May 1775, from 1778 to 1782 he was the British Commander-in-Chief in North America. In addition to his military service, due to the influence of the 2nd Duke of Newcastle, he was a Member of Parliament for many years. Late in life he was named Governor of Gibraltar, but died before assuming the post
Apr 21 Antonín Kammel a composer and violinist. His best-known composition is String Quartet 2
Apr 25 Fedele Fenaroli an Italian composer and teacher. Fenaroli entered the Conservatorio di Santa Maria di Loreto, one of the Music conservatories of Naples, becoming a pupil of Francesco Durante. In 1762 he was appointed Maestro di Cappella. Among his students were many celebrated Italian composers, such as Domenico Cimarosa, Nicola Antonio Zingarelli, and Saverio Mercadante. Giuseppe Verdi was a second-generation student, as his teacher, Vincenzo Lavigna, was a student of Fenaroli. Fenaroli wrote several treatises on music, which were widely used during the nineteenth century. As a composer, he wrote mainly sacred music
Apr 26 John Moore (archbishop of Canterbury) Archbishop of Canterbury in the Church of England.
May 13 Charles Watson-Wentworth 2nd Marquess of Rockingham KG, PC , styled The Hon. Charles Watson-Wentworth before 1733, Viscount Higham between 1733 and 1746, Earl of Malton between 1746 and 1750 and The Marquess of Rockingham in 1750, was a British Whig statesman, most notable for his two terms as Prime Minister of Great Britain. He became the patron of many Whigs, known as the Rockingham Whigs, and served as a leading Whig grandee. He served in only two high offices during his lifetime , but was nonetheless very influential during his one and a half years of service
May 23 Prince Augustus Ferdinand of Prussia a Prussian Prince and general, and Herrenmeister of the Bailiwick of Brandenburg of the Order of Saint John. He belonged to the House of Hohenzollern, and was the youngest son of Frederick William I of Prussia by his wife Queen Sophia Dorothea
May 29 Jackson of Exeter an English organist and composer.
Jun 14 Antonio Sacchini an Italian composer, most famous for his operas.
Jun 20 Teodoro de Croix a Spanish soldier and colonial official in New Spain and Peru. From April 6, 1784 to March 25, 1790 he was viceroy of Peru
Jun 21 Motoori Norinaga a Japanese scholar of Kokugaku active during the Edo period. He is probably the best known and most prominent of all scholars in this tradition
Jun 26 Charles Messier a French astronomer most notable for publishing an astronomical catalogue consisting of nebulae and star clusters that came to be known as the 110 "Messier objects". The purpose of the catalogue was to help astronomical observers, in particular comet hunters such as himself, distinguish between permanent and transient visually diffuse objects in the sky
Jun 29 Charles Moore 1st Marquess of Drogheda a British peer and military officer. He bore the colours of his regiment at the Battle of Culloden in April 1746 during the Jacobite risings and later commanded the 18th Light Dragoons during operations against the Whiteboys in Ireland. He also sat as Member of Parliament in the Irish House of Commons and, having served as Chief Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, he went on to become Master-General of the Irish Ordnance
Jul 10 Jean-Baptiste Willermoz a French Freemason and Martinist who played an important role in the establishment of various systems of Masonic high-degrees in his time in both France and Germany.
Jul 12 Josiah Wedgwood credited with the industrialisation of the manufacture of pottery. A prominent abolitionist, Wedgwood is remembered for his "Am I Not a Man And a Brother?" anti-slavery medallion. He was a member of the Darwin–Wedgwood family. He was the grandfather of Charles Darwin and Emma Darwin
Aug 11 Princess Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Philippsthal Duchess and regent from 1763 to 1782 of Saxe-Meiningen.
Aug 11 Charles Bossut a French mathematician and confrère of the Encyclopaedists. He was born at Tartaras, Loire, and died in Paris
Aug 12 Edme-Louis Daubenton a French naturalist.
Aug 15 Karl George Lebrecht Prince of Anhalt-Köthen a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Köthen.
Aug 20 Paul Henri Mallet a Swiss writer.
Aug 25 Prince Francis Xavier of Saxony a German prince and member of the House of Wettin.
Aug 27 Johann Georg Hamann a German philosopher, whose work was used by his student G. Herder as a main support of the Sturm und Drang movement, and associated by historian of ideas Isaiah Berlin with the Counter-Enlightenment. However, recent scholarship such as that by theologian Oswald Bayer places Hamann into a more nebulous category of theologian and philologist, less the proto-Romantic that Herder presented and more a premodern-postmodern thinker who brought the consequences of Lutheran theology to bear upon the burgeoning Enlightenment and especially in reaction to Kant. Goethe and Kierkegaard were among those who considered him to be the finest mind of his time
Sep 17 Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben a Prussian-born military officer. He served as inspector general and Major General of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. He is credited with being one of the fathers of the Continental Army in teaching them the essentials of military drills, tactics, and disciplines. He wrote Regulations for the Order and Discipline of the Troops of the United States, the book that served as the standard United States drill manual until the War of 1812. He served as General George Washington's chief of staff in the final years of the war
Sep 19 Augustin Pajou a French sculptor, born in Paris. At eighteen he won the Prix de Rome, and at thirty exhibited his Pluton tenant Cerbère enchaîné
Oct 1 Richard Stockton (Continental Congressman) an American lawyer, jurist, legislator, and a signer of the Declaration of Independence.
Oct 14 Jean-Joseph Rodolphe an Alsatian horn player, violinist and composer.
Nov 2 Giovanni Battista Casanova an Italian painter and printmaker of the Neoclassic period. He was a brother of Giacomo Casanova and Francesco Giuseppe Casanova and was born at Venice. He studied painting under Israel Silvestre and Dietrich at Dresden, and went in 1752 to Rome, where, under the tuition of Anton Raphael Mengs, he became an accomplished artist in pencil and crayon. Among other works he designed the plates to Winckelmann's Monumenti antichi. He was appointed professor in the Academy at Dresden in 1764
Nov 3 Darya Nikolayevna Saltykova a Russian murderer and noble from Moscow who became notorious for torturing and killing over 100 of her serfs, mostly women and girls.
Nov 6 Leonardo Antonelli an Italian Cardinal in the Roman Catholic Church.
Nov 9 Charles de Wailly a French architect and urbanist, and furniture designer, one of the principals in the Neoclassical revival of the Antique. His major work was the Théâtre de l'Odéon for the Comédie-Française. In his designs, de Wailly showed a predilection for the perfect figure, the circle
Nov 24 Alexander Suvorov the last Generalissimo of the Russian Empire.
Dec 5 José Nicolás de Azara a Spanish diplomat.
Dec 6 Sophie von La Roche a German novelist. She was born in Kaufbeuren and died in Offenbach am Main
Dec 8 Johann Hedwig a German botanist notable for his studies of mosses , in particular the observation of sexual reproduction in the cryptogams.
Dec 8 Jan Ingenhousz a Dutch physiologist, biologist and chemist. He is best known for showing that light is essential to photosynthesis and thus having discovered photosynthesis. He also discovered that plants, like animals, have cellular respiration. In his lifetime he was best known for successfully inoculating the members of the Habsburg family in Vienna against smallpox in 1768 and subsequently being the private counsellor and personal physician to the Austrian Empress Maria Theresa
Dec 14 James Bruce a Scottish traveller and travel writer who spent more than a dozen years in North Africa and Ethiopia, where he traced the origins of the Blue Nile.
Dec 14 Capel Bond an English organist and composer.
Dec 25 Noël Martin Joseph de Necker a Belgian physician, and botanist.
Dec 25 Philip Mazzei an Italian physician. A close friend of Thomas Jefferson, Mazzei acted as an agent to purchase arms for Virginia during the American Revolutionary War