Born in 1732

Jan 2 František Brixi a Czech classical composer of the 18th century. His first name is sometimes given, by reference works, in its Germanic form: Franz
Jan 6 Matija Antun Relković a Croatian writer. Born in the village of Davor in Slavonia as a son of a Military Frontier officer, Relković too enlisted in the Austrian army at the age of 16. He fought in the Seven Years' War until he was captured by Prussians in Wrocław , and spent a few years of rather "relaxed" imprisonment at Frankfurt. Relković's prison years became his Lehrjahre, his educational period: a voracious but unsystematic reader, he studied many works by leading Enlightenment writers , as well as Polish poet Jan Kochanowski's didactic epic Satir- which became the model for his most famous work. After the release, Relković spent a few more years on war campaigns , but eventually sated and bored with military life, he asked and got pension from Austrian emperor Joseph II in the rank of captain, as well as the title of hereditary noble. Having spent the rest of his life as a writer and social reformer, Relković died in Vinkovci, Croatia
Jan 11 Peter Forsskål a Swedish explorer, orientalist, naturalist and an apostle of Carl Linnaeus.
Jan 15 Jean-Baptiste-Antoine Suard a French journalist, translator and man of letters during the Age of Enlightenment. He was born in Besançon and died in Paris
Jan 17 Stanisław August Poniatowski the last King and Grand Duke of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. He remains a controversial figure in Polish history. Recognized as a great patron of the arts and sciences and a supporter of progressive reforms, he is also remembered as the last king of the Commonwealth whose election was marred by serious irregularities, and the one who failed to prevent Poland's destruction
Jan 19 Shuja-ud-Daula the Subedar Nawab of Oudh from 5 October 1754 to 26 January 1775.
Jan 20 Richard Henry Lee an American statesman from Virginia best known for the motion in the Second Continental Congress calling for the colonies' independence from Great Britain. He was a signatory to the Articles of Confederation and his famous resolution of June 1776 led to the United States Declaration of Independence, which Lee signed. He also served a one-year term as the President of the Continental Congress, and was a United States Senator from Virginia from 1789 to 1792, serving during part of that time as one of the first Presidents pro tempore
Jan 21 Frederick II Eugene Duke of Württemberg the fourth son of Duke Karl Alexander and Princess Maria Augusta of Thurn and Taxis.
Jan 24 Pierre Beaumarchais a French playwright, watchmaker, inventor, musician, diplomat, fugitive, spy, publisher, horticulturalist, arms dealer, satirist, financier, and revolutionary.
Jan 27 Antoni Barnaba Jabłonowski a Polish noble and political activist.
Feb 5 Charles Lee (general) served as a General of the Continental Army during the American War of Independence. Lee also served earlier in the British Army during the Seven Years War. After the war he sold his commission and served for a time in the Polish army of King Stanislaus In 1773 Lee, who had Whig views, moved to America and bought an estate in Virginia. When the fighting broke out in the American War of Independence in 1775 he volunteered to serve with rebel forces. Lee's ambitions to become Commander in Chief of the Continental Army were thwarted by the appointment of George Washington
Feb 18 Johann Christian Kittel a German organist, composer, and teacher. He was one of the last students of Johann Sebastian Bach. His students included Michael Gotthard Fischer, Karl Gottlieb Umbreit, Johann Wilhelm Hässler and Christian Heinrich Rinck
Feb 19 Richard Cumberland (dramatist) See also Cumberland , Cumberland.
Feb 21 William Falconer a Scottish poet.
Feb 22 George Washington the first President of the United States , the Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. He presided over the convention that drafted the United States Constitution, which replaced the Articles of Confederation and remains the supreme law of the land
Mar 1 William Cushing an early Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court, from its inception to his death. He was the longest-serving of the Court's original members, sitting on the bench for 21 years. Had he accepted George Washington's appointment, he would have become the third Chief Justice of the United States
Mar 5 William Amherst (British Army officer) a British military commander. In 1762 during the Seven Years' War he led British forces that defeated a French expedition to Newfoundland at the Battle of Signal Hill
Mar 12 Joseph Gaertner a German botanist, best known for his work on seeds, De Fructibus et Seminibus Plantarum.
Mar 18 John Walker (lexicographer) an English stage actor, philologist and lexicographer. Early in life he became an actor, his theatrical engagements including one with David Garrick at Drury Lane, and a long season in Dublin, Ireland. In 1768 he left the stage. After some experiences in conducting a school at Kensington he commenced to teach elocution, and in this found his principal employment for the rest of his life. In 1775 he published his Rhyming Dictionary, which achieved a great success and has been repeatedly reprinted, and in 1791 his Critical Pronouncing Dictionary, which achieved an even greater reputation, and has run into some forty editions. He was the friend of the leading literary men of his time, including Samuel Johnson and Edmund Burke
Mar 23 Princess Marie Adélaïde of France the fourth daughter and sixth child of King Louis XV of France and his consort, Marie Leszczyńska. As the daughter of the king, she was a Fille de France. She was referred to as Madame Adélaïde from 1737 to 1755 and from 1759 to her death, and simply as Madame from 1755 to 1759
Mar 24 Gian Francesco de Majo an Italian composer. He is chiefly known for his more than 20 operas. He also composed a considerable amount of sacred works, including oratorios, cantatas, and masses
Mar 31 Joseph Haydn a prominent and prolific composer of the Classical period. He was instrumental in the development of chamber music such as the piano trio and his contributions to musical form have earned him the epithets "Father of the Symphony" and "Father of the String Quartet"
Apr 5 Jean-Honoré Fragonard a French painter and printmaker whose late Rococo manner was distinguished by remarkable facility, exuberance, and hedonism. One of the most prolific artists active in the last decades of the Ancien Régime, Fragonard produced more than 550 paintings , of which only five are dated. Among his most popular works are genre paintings conveying an atmosphere of intimacy and veiled eroticism
Apr 6 José Celestino Mutis a Spanish priest, botanist and mathematician.
Apr 8 David Rittenhouse a renowned American astronomer, inventor, clockmaker, mathematician, surveyor, scientific instrument craftsman and public official. Rittenhouse was a member of the American Philosophical Society and the first director of the United States Mint
Apr 13 Frederick North Lord North Prime Minister of Great Britain from 1770 to 1782. He led Great Britain through most of the American War of Independence. He also held a number of other cabinet posts, including Home Secretary and Chancellor of the Exchequer
May 17 Francesco Pasquale Ricci an Italian composer and violinist.
May 31 Count Hieronymus von Colloredo Prince-Bishop of Gurk from 1761 to 1772 and Prince-Archbishop of Salzburg from 1771 until 1803, when the prince-archbishopric was secularized. After secularization, Colloredo continued until his death in 1812 as archbishop of Salzburg, but bereft of temporal power
Jun 9 Giuseppe Demachi a composer born in Alessandria, Italy. He served as a leading violinist in the city of his birth and later in the city of Geneva with the Concerto di Ginevra of the Societé de Musique. He also served in the employ of one Count Sannazzaro in the 1760s and 1770s at Casale Monferrato. Not much is known about his life or death. Other than the records of his birth in 1732, his next known appearance in history is in 1763 when he was listed as playing in Alessandria's orchestra. After 1777 he again falls into obscurity until his last verifiable appearance during some concerts in London in 1791. The date of his death is not known, but is believed to have been shortly after his performances in London
Jul 11 Jérôme Lalande a French astronomer and writer.
Aug 8 Johann Christoph Adelung a German grammarian and philologist.
Aug 24 Peter Ernst Wilde a Baltic German physician and Enlightenment era Estophile.
Sep 6 Johan Wilcke a Swedish physicist.
Sep 25 Angelo Fabroni an Italian biographer and historian.
Sep 30 Jacques Necker a French statesman of Swiss birth and finance minister of Louis XVI, a post he held in the lead-up to the French Revolution in 1789.
Oct 1 Antoine Léonard Thomas a French poet and literary critic, best known in his time for his great eloquence. He was born in Clermont-Ferrand and died, aged 52, in Oullins
Oct 6 Nevil Maskelyne the fifth English Astronomer Royal. He held the office from 1765 to 1811
Oct 6 Joseph Leutgeb an outstanding horn player of the classical era, a friend and musical inspiration for Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
Oct 6 John Broadwood the Scottish founder of the piano manufacturer Broadwood and Sons.
Oct 11 Raphaël Bienvenu Sabatier a French anatomist and surgeon born in Paris.
Nov 9 Jeanne Julie Éléonore de Lespinasse owned a prominent salon in France.
Dec 6 Warren Hastings the first Governor-General of Bengal from 1772 and the first Governor-General of India 1773 to 1785. He was accused of corruption and impeached in 1787, but after a long trial he was acquitted in 1795. He was made a Privy Counsellor in 1814
Dec 15 Carl Gotthard Langhans a Prussian builder and architect. His works are among the earliest buildings in the German classicism movement. His best-known work is the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin
Dec 23 Richard Arkwright an inventor and a leading entrepreneur during the early Industrial Revolution. Although the patents were eventually overturned, he is credited with inventing the spinning frame, which, following the transition to water power, was renamed the water frame. He also patented a rotary carding engine that transformed raw cotton into cotton lap
Dec 28 Constantine II of Kakheti a king of Kakheti in eastern Georgia of the Bagrationi Dynasty from 1722 to 1732.