Born in 1735

Jan 1 Paul Revere an American silversmith, engraver, early industrialist, and a patriot in the American Revolution. He is most famous for alerting the Colonial militia to the approach of British forces before the battles of Lexington and Concord, as dramatized in Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's poem, "Paul Revere's Ride"
Jan 5 Claude Martin an officer in the French, and later the British, army in India. He rose to the position of Major General in the British East India Company's Bengal Army. Martin was born in Lyon, France, into a humble background, and was a self-made man who has left a substantial lasting legacy in the form of his writings, buildings and the educational institutions he founded posthumously. There are seven schools named after him, two in Lucknow, two in Calcutta and three in Lyon. The small village of Martin Purwa in India was also named after him
Jan 8 John Carroll (bishop) the first Roman Catholic bishop and archbishop in the United States, serving as the ordinary of the Archdiocese of Baltimore. He is also known as the founder of Georgetown University, , and of John the Evangelist Parish of Rock Creek, , the first secular parish in the country
Jan 9 John Jervis 1st Earl of St Vincent an admiral in the Royal Navy and Member of Parliament in the United Kingdom. Jervis served throughout the latter half of the 18th century and into the 19th, and was an active commander during the Seven Years' War, American War of Independence, French Revolutionary War and the Napoleonic Wars. He is best known for his victory at the 1797 Battle of Cape Saint Vincent, from which he earned his titles, and as a patron of Horatio Nelson
Jan 21 Johann Gottfried Eckard a German pianist and composer.
Jan 27 Étienne Clavière a Swiss-born French financier and politician of the French Revolution.
Feb 1 József Alvinczi a soldier in the Habsburg Army and a Field Marshal of the Austrian Empire.
Feb 3 Ignacy Krasicki Poland's leading Enlightenment poet , a critic of the clergy, Poland's La Fontaine, author of the first Polish novel, playwright, journalist, encyclopedist, and translator from French and Greek.
Feb 5 Paul Kray a soldier, and general in Habsburg service during the Seven Years War, the War of Bavarian Succession, the Austro–Turkish War , and the French Revolutionary Wars. He was born in Késmárk, Upper Hungary
Feb 15 Princess Maria Christina of Saxony (1735–1782) a Princess of Saxony and later Abbess of Remiremont.
Feb 22 Charles Lennox 3rd Duke of Richmond a British politician and British Army officer. He associated with the Rockingham Whigs and rose to hold the post of Southern Secretary for a brief period. He was noteworthy for his support for the colonists during the American Revolutionary War, his support for a policy of concession in Ireland and his advanced views on the issue of parliamentary reform. He went on to be a reforming Master-General of the Ordnance first in the Rockingham ministry and then in the ministry of William Pitt
Feb 25 René de Girardin Jean-Jacques Rousseau's last pupil. He created the first French landscape garden at Ermenonville. It was inspired by Rousseau's ideas. De Girardin was the author of De la composition des paysages , which strongly influenced the style of the modern French landscape garden
Feb 28 Alexandre-Théophile Vandermonde now principally associated with determinant theory in mathematics. He was born in Paris, and died there
Mar 12 François-Emmanuel Guignard comte de Saint-Priest a French politician and diplomat during the Ancien Régime and French Revolution.
Mar 20 Torbern Bergman a Swedish chemist and mineralogist noted for his 1775 Dissertation on Elective Attractions, containing the largest chemical affinity tables ever published. Bergman was the first chemist to use the A, B, C, etc., system of notation for chemical species
Mar 29 Johann Karl August Musäus a popular German author and one of the first collectors of German folk stories, most celebrated for his Volksmärchen der Deutschen , a collection of German fairy tales retold as satires.
Apr 13 Isaac Low an American merchant in New York City.
Apr 21 Ivan Kulibin a Russian mechanic and inventor. He was born in Nizhny Novgorod in the family of a trader. From childhood, Kulibin displayed an interest in constructing mechanical tools. Soon, clock mechanisms became a special interest of his. His realizations as well as his prolific imagination inspired the work of many
Apr 30 Karl Gustav von Löwenwolde a Russian diplomat and military commander.
May 1 Jan Hendrik van Kinsbergen a Dutch naval officer. Having had a good scientific education, Van Kinsbergen was a proponent of fleet modernization and wrote many books about naval organization, discipline and tactics
May 8 Nathaniel Dance-Holland a notable English portrait painter and later a politician.
May 13 Horace Coignet a French amateur violinist, singer and composer. He was active in Lyons as a pattern-designer and dealer in embroidered goods, as an official clerk and as musical director of the city from 1794. He became the music instructor to the Duchesse d'Aumont in Paris , and later returned to Lyons where he served on the directorial board of the conservatory. He was known as a gifted violinist, and composed harpsichord pieces, romances, a set of Trois duos concertants de violon et fugues, a revolutionary hymn for the Rousseau celebration at Lyons and some theatrical music His most notable work the music for Jean-Jacques Rousseau's 1762 short play Pygmalion, first performed in Lyon in 1770 was a success and soon became known throughout Europe
May 23 Charles-Joseph 7th Prince of Ligne Lamoral, 7th Prince de Ligne in French; in German Karl-Joseph Lamoral 7. Fürst von Ligne : was a Field marshal and writer, and member of the princely family of Ligne
May 28 François Christophe de Kellermann a French military commander, later the Général d'Armée, and a Marshal of France. Marshal Kellermann served in varying roles throughout the entirety of two epochal conflicts, the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars
Jun 5 Ivan Gannibal a Russian military leader and eminent Russian of African and Russian descent. He was the son of military commander and politician Abram Petrovich Gannibal, as well as the great-uncle of Russia's most famous poet, Alexander Pushkin
Jun 6 Anton Schweitzer a German composer of operas, who was affiliated with Abel Seyler's theatrical company.
Jun 12 Claude-Carloman de Rulhière a French poet and historian.
Jul 5 August Ludwig von Schlözer a German historian who laid foundations for the critical study of Russian history.
Jul 8 Domenico Vandelli an Italian naturalist, who did most of his scientific work in Portugal.
Jul 10 Ulrika Pasch a Swedish painter and miniaturist. She was one of few female artists known in Scandinavia before the 19th century. Pasch was a self-supporting professional artist and the first female member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Arts. She was made a member in 1773, the year the academy was founded
Jul 16 Andrzej Poniatowski a Polish nobleman , General and Field Marshal.
Aug 15 Frederick Albert Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg a German prince of the House of Ascania and Reigning prince of the principality of Anhalt-Bernburg from 1765 to 1796.
Aug 21 Tobias Furneaux an English navigator and Royal Navy officer, who accompanied James Cook on his second voyage of exploration. He was the first man to circumnavigate the world in both directions, and later commanded a British vessel during the American Revolutionary War
Aug 28 Andreas Peter Bernstorff a Danish statesman and politician. He was a Danish minister, father of Christian Günther von Bernstorff, and a guardian of civil and political liberty
Sep 5 Johann Christian Bach a composer of the Classical era, the eleventh surviving child and youngest son of Johann Sebastian Bach. He is sometimes referred to as "the London Bach" or "the English Bach", due to his time spent living in the British capital, where he came to be known as John Bach. He is noted for influencing the concerto style of Mozart
Sep 23 Clas Bjerkander a Swedish meteorologist, botanist, and entomologist.
Sep 28 Augustus FitzRoy 3rd Duke of Grafton a British Whig statesman of the Georgian era. He is one of a handful of dukes who have served as Prime Minister
Oct 6 Jesse Ramsden an English mathematician, astronomical and scientific instrument maker.
Oct 9 Charles William Ferdinand Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel a sovereign prince of the Holy Roman Empire, and a professional soldier who served as a Generalfeldmarschall of the Kingdom of Prussia. Born in Wolfenbüttel, Germany, he was duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel from 1780 until his death. He is a recognized master of the modern warfare of the mid-18th century, a cultured and benevolent despot in the model of Frederick the Great, and was married to Princess Augusta, a sister of George III of Great Britain. The botanical genus Brunsvigia was named in his honour
Oct 30 John Adams the second president of the United States , having earlier served as the first vice president of the United States. An American Founding Father, Adams was a statesman, diplomat, and a leading advocate of American independence from Great Britain. Well educated, he was an Enlightenment political theorist who promoted republicanism, as well as a strong central government, and wrote prolifically about his often seminal ideas—both in published works and in letters to his wife and key adviser Abigail Adams. Adams was opposed to slavery, and never owned a slave. After the Boston Massacre, with anti-British feelings in Boston at a boiling point, he provided a principled, controversial, and successful legal defense of the accused British soldiers, because he believed in the right to counsel and the "protect of innocence"
Nov 10 Granville Sharp one of the first English campaigners for the abolition of the slave trade. He also involved himself in trying to correct other social injustices. Sharp formulated the plan to settle blacks in Sierra Leone, and founded the George's Bay Company, a forerunner of the Sierra Leone Company. His efforts led to both the founding of the Province of Freedom, and later on Freetown, Sierra Leone, and so he is considered to be one of the founding fathers of Sierra Leone. He was also a biblical scholar and classicist, and a talented musician
Nov 25 Grzegorz Piramowicz a Polish Catholic priest, educator, writer, and philosopher. He was a member of the Commission of National Education and Society for Elementary Books, and one of the founders of the Society of Friends of the Constitution
Dec 4 Josephus Nicolaus Laurenti an Austrian naturalist of Italian origin.
Dec 9 John Lightfoot (biologist) an English parson-naturalist, spending much of his free time as a conchologist and botanist. He was a systematic and effective curator of the private museum of Margaret Bentinck, Duchess of Portland. He is best known for his Flora Scotica which pioneered the scientific study of the plants and fungi of Scotland. He became a Fellow of the Royal Society for his scientific work
Dec 20 Friedrich August Brand an Austrian painter.
Dec 21 Tomasz Adam Ostrowski a Polish nobleman , politician, spokesman, statesman and Count since 1798.
Dec 22 Thomas Astle an English antiquary and palaeographer.