Born in 1736

Jan 19 James Watt a Scottish inventor and mechanical engineer whose improvements to the Newcomen steam engine were fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution in both his native Great Britain and the rest of the world.
Jan 25 Joseph-Louis Lagrange an Italian Enlightenment Era mathematician and astronomer. He made significant contributions to the fields of analysis, number theory, and both classical and celestial mechanics
Jan 29 Domenico Cotugno an Italian physician.
Feb 3 Johann Georg Albrechtsberger an Austrian musician.
Feb 6 Franz Xaver Messerschmidt a German-Austrian sculptor most famous for his "character heads", a collection of busts with faces contorted in extreme facial expressions.
Feb 29 Ann Lee the leader of the United Society of Believers in Christ’s Second Appearing, or Shakers.
Mar 21 Claude Nicolas Ledoux one of the earliest exponents of French Neoclassical architecture. He used his knowledge of architectural theory to design not only in domestic architecture but town planning; as a consequence of his visionary plan for the Ideal City of Chaux, he became known as a utopian. His greatest works were funded by the French monarchy and came to be perceived as symbols of the Ancien Régime rather than Utopia. The French Revolution hampered his career; much of his work was destroyed in the nineteenth century. In 1804, he published a collection of his designs under the title "Architecture considered in relation to art, morals, and legislation." In this book he took the opportunity of revising his earlier designs, making them more rigorously neoclassical and up to date. This revision has distorted an accurate assessment of his role in the evolution of Neoclassical architecture. His most ambitious work was the uncompleted Royal Saltworks at Arc-et-Senans, an idealistic and visionary town showing many examples of architecture parlante. Conversely his works and commissions also included the more mundane and everyday architecture such as approximately sixty elaborate toll gates in the Wall of the Farmers-General around Paris
May 18 Friedrich Wilhelm von Erdmannsdorff a German architect and architectural theoretician, and one of the most significant representatives of early German Neoclassicism. His work included Wörlitz House in Wörlitzer Park near Dessau, one of the earliest classical houses on the European continent. His most well-known student was Friedrich Gilly, the teacher of Karl Friedrich Schinkel
May 21 Elżbieta Czartoryska (1736–1816) a Polish noblewoman.
May 24 Johann Amadeus Francis de Paula Baron of Thugut an Austrian diplomat.
May 28 Timothy Matlack a brewer and beer bottler who emerged as a popular revolutionary leader and powerful official in the War of Independence. Secretary of Pennsylvania during the war, and a delegate to the Second Continental Congress in 1780, he became one of Pennsylvania's most provocative and influential political figures. Removed from office by his political enemies at the end of the war, he returned to power in the Jeffersonian era
May 29 Patrick Henry an American attorney, planter and politician who became known as an orator during the movement for independence in Virginia in the 1770s. A Founding Father, he served as the first and sixth post-colonial Governor of Virginia, from 1776 to 1779 and from 1784 to 1786
Jun 3 Ignaz Fränzl a German violinist, composer and representative of the second generation of the so-called Mannheim School. Mozart who heard him at a concert in November 1777 wrote of him in a letter to his father: He may not be a sorcerer, but he is a very solid violinist indeed. Fränzl carried the Mannheim violin technique, established by Johann Stamitz, one step further to real virtuosity. Mozart, quite a good violinist himself and thoroughly acquainted with the instrument, praised Fränzl's double trill and said he had never heard a better one
Jun 3 Sir John Acton 6th Baronet commander of the naval forces of Grand Duchy of Tuscany and prime minister of Naples under Ferdinand IV.
Jun 7 Frederick Charles Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt a German Natural History collector, and from 1790 until his death the reigning Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt.
Jun 14 Charles-Augustin de Coulomb a French physicist. He was best known for developing Coulomb's law, the definition of the electrostatic force of attraction and repulsion, but also did important work on friction. The SI unit of electric charge, the coulomb, was named after him
Jun 21 Enoch Poor a brigadier general in the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War. He was a ship builder and merchant from Exeter, New Hampshire
Jul 6 Daniel Morgan an American pioneer, soldier, and United States Representative from Virginia. One of the most gifted battlefield tacticians of the American Revolutionary War, he later commanded troops during the suppression of the Whiskey Rebellion
Jul 10 Maria Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh a member of the British Royal Family, the wife of Prince William Henry, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh. Her marriage to the Duke without the knowledge of King George III led to the passing of the Royal Marriages Act 1772
Jul 17 Marc-Guillaume Alexis Vadier a French politician of the French Revolution.
Aug 9 Louis Joseph Prince of Condé Prince of Condé from 1740 to his death. A member of the House of Bourbon, he held the prestigious rank of Prince du Sang
Aug 15 Johann Christoph Kellner a German organist and composer. He was the son of Johann Peter Kellner
Aug 16 Valentin Rose the Elder a German pharmacist and chemist born in Neuruppin. He is remembered for creation of a fusible alloy known as Rose metal, which is composed of lead, bismuth and tin
Aug 24 Stanisław Małachowski the first Prime Minister of Poland, a member of the Polish government's Permanent Council , Marshal of the Crown Courts of Justice from 1774, Crown Grand Referendary and Marshal of the Four-Year Sejm.
Aug 26 Jean-Baptiste L. Romé de l'Isle a French mineralogist, considered one of the creators of modern crystallography.
Sep 12 Hsinbyushin king of the Konbaung dynasty of Burma from 1763 to 1776. The second son of the dynasty founder Alaungpaya is best known for his wars with China and Siam, and is considered the most militaristic king of the dynasty. His successful defense against four Chinese invasions preserved Burmese independence. His invasion of Siam ended Siam's Ayutthaya Dynasty. The near simultaneous victories over China and Siam has been referred to as testimony "to a truly astonishing elan unmatched since Bayinnaung." He also raised the Shwedagon Pagoda to its current height in April 1775
Sep 14 Robert Raikes an English philanthropist and Anglican layman, noted for his promotion of Sunday schools. Pre-dating state schooling and by 1831 schooling 1,250,000 children, they are seen as the first schools of the English state school system
Sep 15 Jean Sylvain Bailly a French astronomer, mathematician, freemason, and political leader of the early part of the French Revolution. He presided over the Tennis Court Oath, served as the mayor of Paris from 1789 to 1791, and was ultimately guillotined during the Reign of Terror
Sep 16 Johannes Nikolaus Tetens a German-Danish philosopher, statistician and scientist.
Oct 10 Michał Jerzy Poniatowski a Polish nobleman, abbot of Tyniec and Czerwińsk, Bishop of Płock and Coadjutor Bishop of Kraków from 1773, and Archbishop of Gniezno and Primate of Poland from 1784. He was made a knight of the Order of the White Eagle on November 25, 1764. Nine days later, he was made a prince by his brother, the last king of Poland, Stanisław August Poniatowski
Oct 27 James Macpherson a Scottish writer, poet, literary collector and politician, known as the "translator" of the Ossian cycle of poems.
Oct 31 Nikolay Saltykov a Russian Field Marshal and imperial courtier.
Nov 13 Józef Mikołaj Radziwiłł a Polish-Lithuanian noble.
Nov 18 Anton Graff an eminent Swiss portrait artist. Among his famous subjects were Friedrich Schiller, Christoph Willibald Gluck, Heinrich von Kleist, Frederick the Great, Friederike Sophie Seyler, Johann Gottfried Herder, Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, Moses Mendelssohn and Christian Felix Weisse. His pupils included Emma Körner, Philipp Otto Runge and Karl Ludwig Kaaz
Nov 18 Carl Friedrich Christian Fasch a German composer and harpsichordist.
Nov 30 Jean-Jacques de Boissieu a French draughtsman, etcher and engraver.
Nov 30 Samuel Greig known in Russia - Scottish-born Russian admiral who distinguished himself in the Battle of Chesma and the Battle of Hogland. His son Alexey Greig also made a spectacular career in the Imperial Russian Navy
Dec 18 Margravine Friederike of Brandenburg-Schwedt Duchess of Württemberg and ancestor to many European royals of the 19th and 20th century.