Died in 1737

Jan 1 Pier Antonio Micheli a Catholic priest and noted Italian botanist, professor of botany in Pisa, curator of the Orto Botanico di Firenze, author of Nova plantarum genera iuxta Tournefortii methodum disposita. He discovered the spores of mushrooms, was a leading authority on cryptogams, and coined several important genera of microfungi including Aspergillus and Botrytis
Jan 21 Ignjat Đurđević a baroque poet and translator, best known for his long poem Uzdasi Mandaljene pokornice. Đurđević was born in Republic of Ragusa. His mother is of the Zlatarić family
Jan 24 William Wake a priest in the Church of England and Archbishop of Canterbury from 1716 until his death in 1737.
Jan 29 George Hamilton 1st Earl of Orkney a British soldier and Scottish nobleman and the first British Army officer to be promoted to the rank of field marshal. After commanding a regiment for the cause of William of Orange during the Williamite War in Ireland, he commanded a regiment in the Low Countries during the Nine Years' War. He then led the final assault at the Battle of Blenheim attacking the village churchyard with eight battalions of men and then receiving the surrender of its French defenders during the War of the Spanish Succession. He also led the charge of fifteen infantry battalions in an extremely bloody assault on the French entrenchments at the Battle of Malplaquet. In later life he became a Lord of the Bedchamber to George I and was installed as Governor of Edinburgh Castle
Feb 3 Tommaso Ceva an Italian Jesuit mathematician from Milan. He was the brother of Giovanni Ceva
Feb 12 Benjamin Schmolck a German Lutheran composer of hymns.
Feb 14 Charles Talbot 1st Baron Talbot a British lawyer and politician. He was Lord Chancellor of Great Britain from 1733 to 1737
Mar 7 Guido Starhemberg an Austrian military officer.
Mar 12 Charles Alexander Duke of Württemberg a Württemberg noble from 1698 who governed the Kingdom of Serbia as regent from 1720 until 1733, when he assumed the position of Duke of Württemberg, which he had held until his death.
Mar 16 Benjamin Wadsworth an early American clergyman and educator. He was trained at Harvard College. He served as minister of the First Church in Boston; and as president of Harvard from 1725 until his death
Mar 26 Vakhtang VI of Kartli a Georgian monarch of the royal Bagrationi dynasty. He ruled the East Georgian Kingdom of Kartli in the time of kingdom's vassalage at the hands of Persia from 1716 to 1724. One of the most important and extraordinary statesman of the early 18th Georgia, he is known as a notable legislator, scholar, critic, translator and poet. His reign was terminated by the Ottoman invasion, which forced Vakhtang into exile to the Russian Empire. With Russia still short of reaching its Imperial zenith, Vakhtang was unable to get the tsar’s support for his kingdom and instead had to permanently stay with his northern neighbors for his own safety. On his way to a diplomatic mission sanctioned by Empress Anna, he fell ill and died in southern Russia in 1737, never reaching Georgia
May 4 Eustace Budgell an English writer and politician.
May 4 Ferdinand Kettler Duke of Courland and Semigallia from 1730 to 1737. Ferdinand was the son of Jacob Kettler and Louise Charlotte of Brandenburg. Married in 1730 to Johanna Magdalene of Saxe-Weissenfels
May 7 Giovanni Domenico Santorini an Italian anatomist. He was a native of Venice, earning his medical doctorate from Pisa in 1701. He is remembered for conducting anatomical dissections of the human body
May 10 Emperor Nakamikado the 114th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
May 17 Claude Buffier born in Poland of French parents, who returned to France and settled at Rouen soon after his birth.
Jun 4 François Lemoyne a French rococo painter.
Jun 21 Matthieu Marais a French jurist and writer. Legal advocate at the Parlement of Paris, he was one of the luminaries of the bar during his times
Jul 9 Gian Gastone de' Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany the seventh and last Medicean Grand Duke of Tuscany. He was the second son of Grand Duke Cosimo III and Marguerite Louise d'Orléans. His sister, Electress Palatine Anna Maria Luisa, arranged his marriage to the wealthy and widowed Anna Maria Franziska of Saxe-Lauenburg in 1697. The couple despised each other and had no children. As Grand Prince Ferdinando, Gian Gastone's elder brother, predeceased Cosimo III, Gian Gastone succeeded his father in 1723
Aug 8 Antoine Anselme a widely noted French preacher.
Sep 14 Jan Kanty Moszyński a Polish-Lithuanian nobleman and politician, Treasurer of the Crown Court from 1729. He came from a poor noble family but married the daughter of Augustus II the Strong. His grandfather was Andrzej Ludwik Moszyński. His father, Aleksander Michał, lived in a small village in Podlasie and served as its treasurer. He was awarded the Order of White Eagle on February 18, 1730. Moszyński and more so his son Frederyk August Moszyński built a notable museum collection
Sep 22 Michel Pignolet de Montéclair a French composer of the baroque period.
Sep 27 Hubert Gautier a French engineer. He was born in Nîmes, France
Sep 27 John Sidney 6th Earl of Leicester a Privy Councillor during the Georgian era.
Oct 12 François Catrou a French historian, translator, and Jesuit priest.
Oct 26 Rinaldo d'Este (1655–1737) Duke of Modena and Reggio from 1695 until his death. He was succeeded by his son
Nov 20 Caroline of Ansbach queen of Great Britain as the wife of King George II.
Dec 1 Louis Alexandre Count of Toulouse the son of Louis XIV and of his mistress Françoise-Athénaïs, marquise de Montespan. At the age of five, he became grand admiral of France
Dec 11 John Strype an English clergyman, historian and biographer.
Dec 16 William Gustav of Anhalt-Dessau a German prince of the House of Ascania and heir to the principality of Anhalt-Dessau.
Dec 18 Antonio Stradivari an Italian luthier and a crafter of string instruments such as violins, cellos, guitars, violas, and harps. Stradivari is generally considered the most significant and greatest artisan in this field. The Latinized form of his surname, Stradivarius, as well as the colloquial, "Strad", is often used to refer to his instruments. It is estimated that he made 1,000 to 1,100 instruments and that around 650 of these instruments survive, including 450 to 512 violins
Dec 19 James Louis Sobieski the son of King John III of Poland and Marie Casimire Louise de La Grange d'Arquien.
Dec 27 Victor-Marie d'Estrées a Marshal of France.
Dec 27 William Bowyer (1663–1737) apprenticed to a Miles Flesher in 1679, made a liveryman of The Stationers' and Newspaper Makers' Company in 1700, and nominated as one of the twenty printers allowed by the Star Chamber.
Dec 29 Joseph Saurin a French mathematician and a converted Protestant minister. He was the first to show how the tangents at the multiple points of curves could be determined by mathematical analysis. He was accused in 1712 by Jean-Baptiste Rousseau of being the actual author of defamatory verses that gossip had attributed to Rousseau