1739 in history

1739 events chronologically

Jan 1 Bouvet Island is discovered by French explorer Jean-Baptiste Charles Bouvet de Lozier
Feb 13 Battle of Karnal: The army of Iranian ruler Nadir Shah defeats the forces of the Mughal emperor of India, Muhammad Shah
Feb 23 Richard Palmer is identified at York Castle, by his former schoolteacher, as the outlaw Dick Turpin
Mar 22 Nadir Shah occupies Delhi in India and sacks the city, stealing the jewels of the Peacock Throne
Sep 9 Stono Rebellion, the largest slave uprising in Britain's mainland North American colonies prior to the American Revolution, erupts near Charleston, South Carolina
Sep 18 The Treaty of Belgrade is signed, ceding Belgrade to the Ottoman Empire
Oct 3 The Treaty of Niš is signed by the Ottoman Empire and Russia at the end of the Russian–Turkish War, 1736–39

Top 7 most famous people born in 1739

Feb 17 Dositej Obradović a Serbian author, philosopher, linguist, traveler, polyglot and the first minister of education of Serbia. An influential protagonist of the Serbian national and cultural renaissance, he advocated Enlightenment and rationalist ideas while remaining a Serbian patriot and an adherent of the Serbian Orthodox Church. Founder of modern Serbian literature, he is commonly referred to by his mononym, first name alone. He became a monk in the Serb Orthodox monastery of Hopovo, in the Srem region, and acquired the name Dositej. He translated many European classics, including Aesop's Fables, into Serbian
Mar 30 Maria Josepha of Bavaria Holy Roman Empress, Queen of the Romans, Archduchess of Austria, Grand Duchess of Tuscany etc. by her marriage to Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor. By birth, she was a Princess and Duchess of Bavaria as the daughter of Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor, Elector of Bavaria and Archduchess Maria Amalia of Austria
Apr 22 William Bartram an American naturalist. The son of Ann and John Bartram, William Bartram and his twin sister Elizabeth were born in Kingsessing, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. As a boy, he accompanied his father on many of his travels to the Catskill Mountains, the New Jersey Pine Barrens, New England, and Florida. From his mid-teens, Bartram was noted for the quality of his botanic and ornithological drawings. He also had an increasing role in the maintenance of his father's botanic garden, and added many rare species to it
Jul 26 George Clinton (vice president) an American soldier and statesman, considered one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. He served as Governor of New York from 1777 to 1795, then again from 1801 to 1804, then serving as the fourth Vice President of the United States from 1805 to 1812, serving under Presidents Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. Until the election of Terry Branstad of Iowa in November 2014, he was the longest-serving governor in the history of the United States , and he and John Calhoun are the only persons to have served as Vice President under two different U.S. Presidents
Sep 17 John Rutledge an American statesman, lawyer, and judge. He was a delegate to the Stamp Act Congress and the Continental Congress, President and then Governor of South Carolina during the American Revolution, a delegate to the Constitutional Convention of 1787, an Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, and second Chief Justice. He was the elder brother of Edward Rutledge, a signatory of the Declaration of Independence. Like nearly all important men in South Carolina at the time, he was a slaveowner
Oct 11 Grigory Potemkin a Russian military leader, statesman, nobleman and favorite of Catherine the Great. He died during negotiations over the Treaty of Jassy, which ended a war with the Ottoman Empire that he had overseen
Nov 2 Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf an Austrian composer, violinist and silvologist.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1739

Apr 7 Dick Turpin an English highwayman whose exploits were romanticised following his execution in York for horse theft. Turpin may have followed his father's profession as a butcher early in life, but, by the early 1730s, he had joined a gang of deer thieves and, later, became a poacher, burglar, horse thief and killer. He is also known for a fictional 200-mile overnight ride from London to York on his horse Black Bess, a story that was made famous by the Victorian novelist William Harrison Ainsworth almost 100 years after Turpin's death
Apr 19 Nicholas Saunderson an English scientist and mathematician. According to one leading historian of statistics, he may have been the earliest discoverer of Bayes theorem
Jun 18 Charles Frederick Duke of Holstein-Gottorp the son of Frederick IV of Holstein-Gottorp and his consort, Hedvig Sophia, daughter of King Charles XI of Sweden. He became reigning duke in infancy, upon his father's death in 1702, and all his life was a legitimate claimant to the throne of Sweden, as pro forma heir to Charles XII. Father of Peter III of Russia, he was a patrilineal ancestor of all Russian emperors after Catherine II
Jul 16 Charles François de Cisternay du Fay a French chemist and superintendent of the Jardin du Roi.
Jul 24 Benedetto Marcello an Italian composer, writer, advocate, magistrate, and teacher.
Sep 12 Reinhard Keiser a popular German opera composer based in Hamburg. He wrote over a hundred operas. Johann Adolf Scheibe considered him an equal to Johann Kuhnau, George Frideric Handel and Georg Philipp Telemann , but his work was largely forgotten for many decades
Sep 12 Ernest Louis Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1678 to 1739. His parents were Landgrave Louis VI of Hesse-Darmstadt and Elisabeth Dorothea of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg