Born in 1739

Jan 14 Feliks Oraczewski a Polish writer, educational and political activist.
Jan 19 Joseph Bonomi the Elder an Italian architect and draughtsman notable for his activity in England.
Jan 26 Charles François Dumouriez a French general during the French Revolutionary Wars. He shared the victory at Valmy with General François Christophe Kellermann, but later deserted the Revolutionary Army, became a royalist intriguer during the reign of Napoleon and an adviser to the British government
Feb 15 Charles-Henri Sanson the Royal Executioner of France during the reign of King Louis XVI and High Executioner of the First French Republic. He administered capital punishment in the city of Paris for over forty years, and by his own hand executed nearly 3,000 people, including the King himself
Feb 15 Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart a prominent French architect.
Feb 17 Dositej Obradović a Serbian author, philosopher, linguist, traveler, polyglot and the first minister of education of Serbia. An influential protagonist of the Serbian national and cultural renaissance, he advocated Enlightenment and rationalist ideas while remaining a Serbian patriot and an adherent of the Serbian Orthodox Church. Founder of modern Serbian literature, he is commonly referred to by his mononym, first name alone. He became a monk in the Serb Orthodox monastery of Hopovo, in the Srem region, and acquired the name Dositej. He translated many European classics, including Aesop's Fables, into Serbian
Mar 5 Benjamin Ruggles Woodbridge a colonel in the Massachusetts militia during the American Revolutionary War, and was a commander at the Battle of Bunker Hill. He was also a farmer, and he owned a rum still, a wood lot, a grazing meadow, and a mill, and came to be the wealthiest man in the town. Colonel Woodbridge was a member of the Massachusetts legislature for many years. Woodbridge was unmarried, and raised his nephew Theodore Strong, as his own son. Benjamin Ruggles Woodbridge died in 1819 at the age of 80. He is sometimes referred to as Ruggles Woodbridge or Benjamin Woodbridge
Mar 19 Charles-François Lebrun duc de Plaisance a French statesman.
Mar 24 Christian Friedrich Daniel Schubart a German poet, born at Obersontheim in Swabia.
Mar 30 Maria Josepha of Bavaria Holy Roman Empress, Queen of the Romans, Archduchess of Austria, Grand Duchess of Tuscany etc. by her marriage to Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor. By birth, she was a Princess and Duchess of Bavaria as the daughter of Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor, Elector of Bavaria and Archduchess Maria Amalia of Austria
Apr 2 Count Camillo Marcolini a minister and general director of the fine arts for the Electorate, later Kingdom of Saxony.
Apr 9 Bernardino da Ucria a Sicilian friar and botanist.
Apr 10 Domenico Cirillo an Italian physician, entomologist, botanist and patriot.
Apr 20 Friedrich Freiherr von Hotze a Swiss-born field marshal in the Austrian army during the French Revolutionary Wars, campaigned in the Rhineland during the War of the First Coalition and in Switzerland in the War of the Second Coalition, notably at Battle of Winterthur in late May 1799, and the First Battle of Zürich in early June 1799. He was killed at the Second Battle of Zürich
Apr 22 William Bartram an American naturalist. The son of Ann and John Bartram, William Bartram and his twin sister Elizabeth were born in Kingsessing, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. As a boy, he accompanied his father on many of his travels to the Catskill Mountains, the New Jersey Pine Barrens, New England, and Florida. From his mid-teens, Bartram was noted for the quality of his botanic and ornithological drawings. He also had an increasing role in the maintenance of his father's botanic garden, and added many rare species to it
May 12 Johann Baptist Wanhal an important Czech classical music composer. He was born in Nechanice, Bohemia, and died in Vienna
Jun 2 Jabez Bowen an American shipper and politician. He was a militia colonel during the American Revolutionary War, and served as Deputy Governor of Rhode Island and Chief Justice of the Rhode Island Supreme Court
Jul 26 George Clinton (vice president) an American soldier and statesman, considered one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. He served as Governor of New York from 1777 to 1795, then again from 1801 to 1804, then serving as the fourth Vice President of the United States from 1805 to 1812, serving under Presidents Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. Until the election of Terry Branstad of Iowa in November 2014, he was the longest-serving governor in the history of the United States , and he and John Calhoun are the only persons to have served as Vice President under two different U.S. Presidents
Jul 31 Alois Friedrich von Brühl a Polish-Saxon diplomat, politician, Freemason, soldier, actor and playwright.
Aug 13 Elizaveta Vorontsova a mistress of Emperor Peter III of Russia. During their affair, Peter was rumored to have intentions of divorcing his wife Catherine to marry Vorontsova
Aug 19 Georg Simon Klügel a German mathematician and physicist.
Aug 28 Agostino Accorimboni an Italian composer known mostly for his operas. He composed thirteen operas of which ten premiered in Rome between 1770 and 1785
Sep 13 Jan Krzysztof Kluk a Polish naturalist agronomist and entomologist.
Sep 15 Juan de Villanueva a Spanish architect. Alongside Ventura Rodríguez, Villanueva is the best known architect of Spanish Neoclassicism
Sep 17 John Rutledge an American statesman, lawyer, and judge. He was a delegate to the Stamp Act Congress and the Continental Congress, President and then Governor of South Carolina during the American Revolution, a delegate to the Constitutional Convention of 1787, an Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, and second Chief Justice. He was the elder brother of Edward Rutledge, a signatory of the Declaration of Independence. Like nearly all important men in South Carolina at the time, he was a slaveowner
Sep 18 Jean-Jacques Lagrenée a French history painter and engraver. With his elder brother Louis-Jean-François Lagrenée, he stayed in Russia then at the Académie de Rome
Sep 20 Darya Petrovna Saltykova a Russian lady in waiting, socialite and noble and Dame of the Order of Catherine's first degree. She was the sister of the lady in waiting Princess Nataliya Petrovna Chernysheva, and in 1769 married to Field Marshal Count Ivan Petrovich Saltykov
Sep 27 Francis Russell Marquess of Tavistock a British politician and the eldest son of the 4th Duke of Bedford.
Sep 28 Prince Clemens Wenceslaus of Saxony a German prince from the House of Wettin and the Archbishop-Elector of Trier from 1768 until 1803, the Prince-Bishop of Freising from 1763 until 1768, the Prince-Bishop of Regensburg from 1763 until 1769, and the Prince-Bishop of Augsburg from 1768 until 1812.
Oct 11 Grigory Potemkin a Russian military leader, statesman, nobleman and favorite of Catherine the Great. He died during negotiations over the Treaty of Jassy, which ended a war with the Ottoman Empire that he had overseen
Oct 17 Anne-Pierre marquis de Montesquiou-Fézensac a French general and writer.
Oct 24 Duchess Anna Amalia of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel a German princess and composer. She became the duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, by marriage, and was also regent of the states of Saxe-Weimar and Saxe-Eisenach from 1758 to 1775. She transformed her court and its surrounding into the most influential cultural center of Germany
Nov 2 Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf an Austrian composer, violinist and silvologist.
Nov 5 Hugh Montgomerie 12th Earl of Eglinton a Scottish peer, politician, and composer.
Nov 19 José de Urrutia y de las Casas a Spanish captain general and military engineer.
Nov 19 François Claude Amour marquis de Bouillé a French general. After distinguishing himself in the Seven Years' War, he was appointed governor of Guadeloupe in 1768. His most well-known military exploits took place in the West Indies during the American War of Independence, where he was involved in the French capture of a number of British possessions. Following that war he returned to France, where he held military commands in the country's northeast at the time of the French Revolution. A committed Royalist, he was a leading conspirator involved in the royal family's failed flight in 1791, whose failure forced de Bouillé into exile. He continued to be active in consultative roles to members of the First Coalition, which opposed the forces of Revolutionary France in the early years of the French Revolutionary War. He died in exile in London, and is mentioned as a hated Royalist in the French national anthem, La Marseillaise
Nov 20 Jean-François de La Harpe a French playwright, writer and critic.
Nov 25 Philipp Matthäus Hahn a German pastor and inventor.
Nov 30 Göran Rothman a Swedish naturalist, physician and an apostle of Carl Linnaeus.
Dec 14 Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours a French writer, economist, and government official. During the French Revolution, he, his two sons and their families emigrated to the United States