Died in 1739

Mar 18 Friedrich Wilhelm von Grumbkow a Prussian Generalfeldmarschall and statesman.
Apr 7 Dick Turpin an English highwayman whose exploits were romanticised following his execution in York for horse theft. Turpin may have followed his father's profession as a butcher early in life, but, by the early 1730s, he had joined a gang of deer thieves and, later, became a poacher, burglar, horse thief and killer. He is also known for a fictional 200-mile overnight ride from London to York on his horse Black Bess, a story that was made famous by the Victorian novelist William Harrison Ainsworth almost 100 years after Turpin's death
Apr 19 Nicholas Saunderson an English scientist and mathematician. According to one leading historian of statistics, he may have been the earliest discoverer of Bayes theorem
Apr 23 Andrey Matveyev (painter) a Russian artist. He was one of that nation's earliest modern-style portrait painters and helped to establish the genre
Apr 25 Santiago de Murcia a Spanish guitarist and composer.
May 9 Carlo Ignazio Monza an Italian composer. He was born in Milan and died in Vercelli. Works of his were possibly among the music that formed the basis for the Pulcinella score by Igor Stravinsky. There are recordings of Monza's harpsichord music by Terence Charlston
May 10 Cosmas Damian Asam a German painter and architect during the late Baroque period. Born in Benediktbeuern, he moved to Rome in 1711 to study at the Accademia di San Luca with Carlo Maratta. There, he could see the fresco Ascent of Christ by Melozzo da Forlì in the Basilica Santi Apostoli. Melozzo's innovative techniques of foreshortening influenced Asam's works. In 1713 Asam won the Academy's first prize for his drawing of Miracle of Saint Pio. He worked with his brother Egid Quirin and their joint projects are often attributed to the "Asam Brothers". These include the Asam Church in Munich and Innsbruck Cathedral. Cosmas Damian died in Munich
May 27 Johann Gottfried Bernhard Bach the fourth child of Johann Sebastian Bach and Maria Barbara Bach to reach adulthood. Born in Weimar, he attended the Thomasschule in Leipzig, his father providing for his musical formation. In contrast to his elder brothers Wilhelm Friedemann and Carl Philipp Emanuel he did not get the opportunity to study at the university after finishing school. Instead, he competed for a post as musician
Jun 12 Georg Albrecht of Saxe-Weissenfels Count of Barby a German prince of the House of Wettin and the last count of Barby.
Jun 17 Malcolm Sinclair (Swedish nobleman) a Swedish officer, nobleman and envoy who was murdered by two Russian officers on his way home from the Ottoman Empire. The assassination eventually sparked the Russo–Swedish War of 1741–1743 and also inspired the so-called Sinclairvisan, a song about Sinclair by Anders Odel
Jun 18 Charles Frederick Duke of Holstein-Gottorp the son of Frederick IV of Holstein-Gottorp and his consort, Hedvig Sophia, daughter of King Charles XI of Sweden. He became reigning duke in infancy, upon his father's death in 1702, and all his life was a legitimate claimant to the throne of Sweden, as pro forma heir to Charles XII. Father of Peter III of Russia, he was a patrilineal ancestor of all Russian emperors after Catherine II
Jun 20 Edmond Martène a French Benedictine historian and liturgist.
Jul 16 Charles François de Cisternay du Fay a French chemist and superintendent of the Jardin du Roi.
Jul 24 Benedetto Marcello an Italian composer, writer, advocate, magistrate, and teacher.
Aug 11 François de La Rochefoucauld Marquis de Montandre a British soldier, who arrived in England as a Huguenot refugee. After serving as a junior officer during the Williamite War in Ireland, he was given command of Francis du Cambon's Regiment of Foot and led his regiment in the Low Countries during the Nine Years' War. He also fought at the Siege of Badajoz and at the Battle of Alcantara during the War of the Spanish Succession. He went on to be Master General of the Ordnance in Ireland
Aug 24 Takebe Kenko a Japanese mathematician in the Edo period.
Sep 4 George Lillo an English playwright and tragedian. He was a jeweller in London as well as a dramatist. He produced his first stage work, Silvia, or The Country Burial, in 1730. A year later, he produced his most famous play, The London Merchant. He wrote at least six more plays before his death in 1739, including The Christian Hero , Fatal Curiosity and Marina
Sep 12 Reinhard Keiser a popular German opera composer based in Hamburg. He wrote over a hundred operas. Johann Adolf Scheibe considered him an equal to Johann Kuhnau, George Frideric Handel and Georg Philipp Telemann , but his work was largely forgotten for many decades
Sep 12 Ernest Louis Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1678 to 1739. His parents were Landgrave Louis VI of Hesse-Darmstadt and Elisabeth Dorothea of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Sep 21 Saliha Sultan a consort of Greek descent, to Ottoman sultan Mustafa She was the mother of sultan Mahmud She held the title and position of Valide sultan during her son's reign.
Oct 6 Françoise Charlotte d'Aubigné the wife of Adrien Maurice de Noailles, 3rd Duke of Noailles. She was the niece of Françoise d'Aubigné, Madame de Maintenon, and her heiress
Oct 19 Leonty Magnitsky a Russian mathematician and educator.
Nov 8 Vasily Lukich Dolgorukov a Russian diplomat and minister who was the most powerful man in the country in the later years of Peter II's reign.
Nov 17 Marie Amalie of Brandenburg a princess from the Brandenburg-Schwedt line of the House of Hohenzollern and by marriage a Duchess of Saxe-Zeitz.