Died in 1740

Jan 5 Antonio Lotti an Italian Baroque composer.
Jan 25 Geminiano Giacomelli an Italian composer.
Jan 27 Louis Henri Duke of Bourbon head of the Bourbon-Condé cadet branch of the France's reigning House of Bourbon from 1710 to his death, and served as prime minister to his kinsman Louis XV from 1723 to 1726.
Feb 6 Pope Clement XII Pope from 12 July 1730 to his death in 1740.
Feb 9 Vincent Lübeck a German composer and organist. He was born in Padingbüttel and worked as organist and composer at Stade's Cosmae et Damiani and Hamburg's famous Nikolai , where he played one of the largest contemporary organs. He enjoyed a remarkably high reputation in his lifetime, and had numerous pupils, among which were two of his sons
Feb 11 Tahmasp II one of the last Safavid rulers of Persia.
Feb 29 Pietro Ottoboni (cardinal) an Italian cardinal and grandnephew of Pope Alexander VIII. He is remembered especially as a great patron of music and art. Ottoboni was the last person to hold the curial office of Cardinal-nephew, which was abolished by Alexander VIII's successor, Pope Innocent XII, in 1692. Ottoboni "loved pomp, prodigality and sensual pleasure, but was in the same time kind, ready to serve and charitable"
Apr 21 Thomas Tickell a minor English poet and man of letters.
Apr 28 Baji Rao I a noted general who served as Peshwa to the fourth Maratha Chhatrapati Chhatrapati Shahu Raje Bhonsle from 1720 until Baji Rao's death. He is also known as Thorale Baji Rao. He was also popular with the nickname 'Rau'
May 8 Maria Karolina Sobieska a Polish noble lady, daughter of Jakub Ludwik Sobieski. Known as Marie Charlotte or just Charlotte, she was the Princess of Turenne and later Duchess of Bouillon by marriage. Charlotte was the last surviving member of the House of Sobieski
May 15 Ephraim Chambers primarily known for producing the Cyclopaedia, or a Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences.
May 17 Jean Cavalier born at Mas Roux, a small hamlet in the commune of Ribaute near Anduze.
May 21 Antonio Balestra an Italian painter of the Rococo period.
May 31 Frederick William I of Prussia the King in Prussia and Elector of Brandenburg from 1713 until his death. He was in personal union the sovereign prince of the Principality of Neuchâtel
Jun 1 Samuel Werenfels a Swiss theologian. He was a major figure in the move towards a "reasonable orthodoxy" in Swiss Reformed theology
Jun 7 Alexander Spotswood a Lieutenant-Colonel in the British Army and a noted Lieutenant Governor of Virginia. He is noted in Virginia and American history for a number of his projects as Governor, including his exploring beyond the Blue Ridge Mountains, his establishing what was perhaps the first colonial iron works, and his negotiating the Treaty of Albany with the Iroquois Nations of New York
Jun 17 Sir William Wyndham 3rd Baronet an English Tory statesman, who served as Secretary at War in 1712 and Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1713. He was leader of the Tory opposition in the House of Commons during the reign of King George I and during the early years of King George II
Jul 2 Thomas Baker (antiquarian) an English antiquarian.
Jul 16 Jan Kupecký a Czech and Slovak portrait painter during the baroque. He was active in Hungary, Slovakia, Vienna and Nürnberg. Bernhard Vogel produced a large number of engravings after Kupecký's paintings
Jul 16 Maria Anna of Neuburg Queen of Spain from 1689 to 1700 as the second wife of King Charles II.
Oct 5 Jean-Philippe Baratier a German scholar. A noted child prodigy of the 18th century, he published eleven works and authored a great quantity of unpublished manuscripts
Oct 6 Princess Darejan of Imereti a daughter of Archil, sometime king of king of Imereti and of Kakheti in western and eastern parts of Georgia, respectively, by his wife Ketevan of Kakheti. In the 1680s, Darejan followed her parents and brothers into exile in Russia, where she lived a semi-secluded life, mostly at her family estate of Vsekhsvyatskoye at Moscow, occupied in local charity and benevolence
Oct 11 Princess Magdalena Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst was, by birth, a Princess of Anhalt-Zerbst and, by marriage, a Duchess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg. She was the maternal grandmother of George III of the United Kingdom
Oct 14 Domenico Alberti an Italian singer, harpsichordist, and composer.
Oct 20 Charles VI Holy Roman Emperor succeeded his elder brother, Joseph I, as Holy Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia , King of Hungary and Croatia , and King of Serbia , Archduke of Austria, etc., in 1711. He unsuccessfully claimed the throne of Spain as Charles III following the death of its ruler, and Charles's relative, Charles II of Spain, in 1700. He married Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, by whom he had his two children: Maria Theresa, born 1717, the last Habsburg sovereign, and Maria Anna, born 1718, Governess of the Austrian Netherlands
Oct 28 Anna of Russia reigned as Empress of Russia from 1730 to 1740. Prior to her accession to the Russian throne, she was the regent of the Duchy of Courland from 1711 until 1730
Dec 1 John Abernethy (minister) an Irish Presbyterian church leader, the grandfather of the surgeon John Abernethy.
Dec 13 Benedetto Erba Odescalchi an Italian Cardinal and Archbishop of Milan from 1712 to 1736.
Dec 20 Richard Boyle 2nd Viscount Shannon a British military officer and statesman. After serving as a junior officer at the Battle of the Boyne during the Williamite War in Ireland and at the Battle of Landen during the Nine Years' War, he commanded a brigade of grenadiers during the storming of Vigo during the War of the Spanish Succession. During this engagement the entire French fleet, under the command of the Marquis de Château-Renault, together with the Spanish galleons and transports under Manuel de Velasco, were either been captured or destroyed. He also took part in a successful raid on Barcelona three years later. He went on to serve as Commander-in-Chief, Ireland throughout the 1720s and 1730s