1741 in history

1741 events chronologically

Mar 18 New York governor George Clarke's complex at Fort George is burned in an arson attack, starting the New York Conspiracy of 1741
Apr 10 War of the Austrian Succession: Prussia defeats Austria at the Battle of Mollwitz
Jun 25 Maria Theresa of Austria is crowned Queen of Hungary
Jul 15 Aleksei Chirikov sights land in Southeast Alaska. He sends men ashore in a longboat, making them the first Europeans to visit Alaska
Jul 31 Charles Albert of Bavaria invades Upper Austria and Bohemia
Sep 14 George Frideric Handel completes his oratorio Messiah

Top 7 most famous people born in 1741

Jan 6 Sarah Trimmer a writer and critic of 18th-century British children's literature, as well as an educational reformer. Her periodical, The Guardian of Education, helped to define the emerging genre by seriously reviewing children's literature for the first time; it also provided the first history of children's literature, establishing a canon of the early landmarks of the genre that scholars still use today. Trimmer's most popular children's book, Fabulous Histories, inspired numerous children's animal stories and remained in print for over a century
Jan 14 Benedict Arnold a general during the American Revolutionary War who originally fought for the American Continental Army but defected to the British Army. While a general on the American side, he obtained command of the fortifications at West Point, New York , overlooking the cliffs at the Hudson River , and planned to surrender it to the British forces. After the plan was exposed in September 1780, he was commissioned into the British Army as a brigadier general
Mar 13 Joseph II Holy Roman Emperor Holy Roman Emperor from 1765 to 1790 and ruler of the Habsburg lands from 1780 to 1790. He was the eldest son of Empress Maria Theresa and her husband, Francis I, and was the brother of Marie Antoinette. He was thus the first ruler in the Austrian dominions of the House of Lorraine, styled Habsburg-Lorraine. Joseph was a proponent of enlightened absolutism; however, his commitment to modernizing reforms subsequently engendered significant opposition, which eventually culminated in an ultimate failure to fully implement his programmes. He has been ranked, with Catherine II of Russia and Frederick II of Prussia, as one of the three great Enlightenment monarchs. His policies are now known as Josephinism. He died with no sons and was succeeded by his younger brother, Leopold
Aug 23 Jean-François de Galaup comte de Lapérouse a French Navy officer and explorer whose expedition vanished in Oceania.
Sep 22 Peter Simon Pallas a German zoologist and botanist who worked in Russia.
Oct 18 Pierre Choderlos de Laclos a French novelist, official and army general, best known for writing the epistolary novel Les Liaisons Dangereuses.
Oct 30 Angelica Kauffman a Swiss-born Austrian Neoclassical painter who had a successful career in London and Rome. Though born as "Kauffmann", Kauffman is the preferred spelling of her name in English; it is the form she herself used most in signing her correspondence, documents and paintings

Top 7 most famous people died in 1741

Feb 13 Johann Joseph Fux an Austrian composer, music theorist and pedagogue of the late Baroque era. He is most famous as the author of Gradus ad Parnassum, a treatise on counterpoint, which has become the single most influential book on the Palestrinian style of Renaissance polyphony. Almost all modern courses on Renaissance counterpoint, a mainstay of college music curricula, are indebted in some degree to this work by Fux
Feb 21 Jethro Tull (agriculturist) an English agricultural pioneer from Berkshire who helped bring about the British Agricultural Revolution. He perfected a horse-drawn seed drill in 1701 that economically sowed the seeds in neat rows. He later developed a horse-drawn hoe. Tull's methods were adopted by many great land owners and helped to provide the basis for modern agriculture. This revolutionized the future of agricultural success
Jul 28 Antonio Vivaldi an Italian Baroque composer, virtuoso violinist, teacher and cleric. Born in Venice, he was recognized as one of the greatest Baroque composers, and his influence during his lifetime was widespread across Europe. He is known mainly for composing many instrumental concertos, for the violin and a variety of other instruments, as well as sacred choral works and more than forty operas. His best-known work is a series of violin concertos known as The Four Seasons
Sep 7 Blas de Lezo a Spanish admiral and one of the greatest commanders and strategists in the history of the Spanish Navy. He is best remembered for his defensive tactics at the Battle of Cartagena de Indias in modern-day Colombia, where Spanish forces won a decisive victory against the British navy commanded by admiral Vernon
Nov 24 Ulrika Eleonora Queen of Sweden queen regnant of Sweden from 5 December 1718 to 29 February 1720, and then queen consort until her death.
Dec 8 Vitus Bering a Danish explorer and officer in the Russian Navy. He is known for his two explorations of the north-eastern coast of the Asian continent and from there the western coast on the North American continent. The Bering Strait, the Bering Sea, Bering Island, the Bering Glacier and the Bering Land Bridge have since all been named in his honour
Dec 21 Bernard de Montfaucon a French Benedictine monk, and a scholar who founded the discipline of palaeography, as well as being an editor of works of the Fathers of the Church. He is also regarded to be one of the founders of modern archaeology