Died in 1741

Feb 13 Johann Joseph Fux an Austrian composer, music theorist and pedagogue of the late Baroque era. He is most famous as the author of Gradus ad Parnassum, a treatise on counterpoint, which has become the single most influential book on the Palestrinian style of Renaissance polyphony. Almost all modern courses on Renaissance counterpoint, a mainstay of college music curricula, are indebted in some degree to this work by Fux
Feb 15 Georg Rafael Donner one of the most prolific Austrian sculptors of the 18th century. His style was baroque with some pseudo-ancient additions. He educated many German sculptors of his era, including his son Matthäus Donner
Feb 21 Jethro Tull (agriculturist) an English agricultural pioneer from Berkshire who helped bring about the British Agricultural Revolution. He perfected a horse-drawn seed drill in 1701 that economically sowed the seeds in neat rows. He later developed a horse-drawn hoe. Tull's methods were adopted by many great land owners and helped to provide the basis for modern agriculture. This revolutionized the future of agricultural success
Mar 16 Eleonora Luisa Gonzaga the Duchess of Rovere and Montefeltro as the wife of Francesco Maria de' Medici. She was the only child of Vincenzo Gonzaga, Duke of Guastalla and Sabbioneta and his second wife, Maria Vittoria Gonzaga. She did not bear any children
Mar 17 Jean-Baptiste Rousseau a French dramatist and poet, particularly noted for his short cynical epigrams.
Mar 18 Thomas Gordon (Royal Scots Navy officer) a commodore of the Royal Scots Navy and Admiral of the Imperial Russian Navy.
Mar 31 Pieter Burman the Elder a Dutch classical scholar.
Apr 28 Magnus Julius De la Gardie a Swedish general and statesman, member of the Swedish Hats Party.
May 25 Daniel Ernst Jablonski German theologian and reformer of Czech origin, known for his efforts to bring about a union between Lutheran and Calvinist Protestants.
Jun 18 François Pourfour du Petit a French anatomist, ophthalmologist and surgeon who was a native of Paris.
Jun 21 Joseph-Hector Fiocco a Belgian composer and violinist of the high and late Baroque period.
Jul 3 Elisabeth Therese of Lorraine born a Princess of Lorraine and was the last queen consort of Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia. The sister of Francis Stephan, Duke of Lorraine, she died as a result of giving birth to Benedetto of Savoy
Jul 26 Wilhelm Heinrich Duke of Saxe-Eisenach a duke of Saxe-Eisenach.
Jul 28 Antonio Vivaldi an Italian Baroque composer, virtuoso violinist, teacher and cleric. Born in Venice, he was recognized as one of the greatest Baroque composers, and his influence during his lifetime was widespread across Europe. He is known mainly for composing many instrumental concertos, for the violin and a variety of other instruments, as well as sacred choral works and more than forty operas. His best-known work is a series of violin concertos known as The Four Seasons
Jul 30 Count Wirich Philipp von Daun an Austrian Field Marshal in the War of Spanish Succession, and father of the better known Leopold Josef Graf Daun. In 1710 he was created Prince of Teano
Aug 4 Andrew Hamilton (lawyer) a Scottish lawyer in the Thirteen Colonies, where he finally settled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was best known for his legal victory on behalf of the printer and newspaper publisher John Peter Zenger. This 1735 decision in New York helped to establish that truth is a defense to an accusation of libel. His eloquent defense concluded with saying that the press has "a liberty both of exposing and opposing tyrannical power by speaking and writing truth."
Aug 26 Archduchess Maria Elisabeth of Austria (governor) the governor of the Austrian Netherlands between 1725 and 1741.
Aug 31 Johann Gottlieb Heineccius a German jurist from Eisenberg, Thuringia.
Aug 31 Kazimierz Czartoryski a Polish nobleman, Duke of Klewań and Żuków.
Sep 7 Blas de Lezo a Spanish admiral and one of the greatest commanders and strategists in the history of the Spanish Navy. He is best remembered for his defensive tactics at the Battle of Cartagena de Indias in modern-day Colombia, where Spanish forces won a decisive victory against the British navy commanded by admiral Vernon
Oct 15 Anna Maria Franziska of Saxe-Lauenburg the legal Duchess of Saxe-Lauenburg in the eyes of the Holy Roman Emperor, the overlord of Saxe-Lauenburg, from 1689 until 1728; however, because her distant cousin George William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, conquered the duchy by force in 1689, she exercised no control over the territory, instead living in her manors in Bohemia.
Nov 24 Ulrika Eleonora Queen of Sweden queen regnant of Sweden from 5 December 1718 to 29 February 1720, and then queen consort until her death.
Dec 8 Vitus Bering a Danish explorer and officer in the Russian Navy. He is known for his two explorations of the north-eastern coast of the Asian continent and from there the western coast on the North American continent. The Bering Strait, the Bering Sea, Bering Island, the Bering Glacier and the Bering Land Bridge have since all been named in his honour
Dec 14 Charles Rollin a French historian and educator. He was born in Paris
Dec 14 Johann Amman a Swiss-Russian botanist, a member of the Royal Society and professor of botany at the Russian Academy of Sciences at St Petersburg. He is best known for his "Stirpium Rariorum in Imperio Rutheno Sponte Provenientium Icones et Descriptiones" published in 1739 with descriptions of some 285 plants from Eastern Europe and Ruthenia. The plates are unsigned, though an engraving on the dedicatory leaf of the work is signed "Philipp Georg Mattarnovy", a Swiss-Italian engraver, Filippo Giorgio Mattarnovi , who worked at the Petersburg Academy
Dec 21 Bernard de Montfaucon a French Benedictine monk, and a scholar who founded the discipline of palaeography, as well as being an editor of works of the Fathers of the Church. He is also regarded to be one of the founders of modern archaeology