1742 in history

1742 events chronologically

Jan 24 Charles VII Albert becomes Holy Roman Emperor
Feb 16 Spencer Compton, Earl of Wilmington, becomes British Prime Minister
Apr 13 George Frideric Handel's oratorio Messiah makes its world-premiere in Dublin, Ireland

Top 7 most famous people born in 1742

May 13 Maria Christina Duchess of Teschen the fourth daughter and fifth child of Maria Theresa of Austria and Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor. She was Governor of the Austrian Netherlands from 1781 until 1793. She was an older sister of Marie Antoinette
Jul 1 Georg Christoph Lichtenberg a German scientist, satirist, and Anglophile. As a scientist, he was the first to hold a professorship explicitly dedicated to experimental physics in Germany. Today, he is remembered for his posthumously published notebooks, which he himself called Sudelbücher, a description modeled on the English bookkeeping term "scrapbooks", and for his discovery of the strange tree-like patterns now called Lichtenberg figures
Aug 7 Nathanael Greene a major general of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War, known for his successful command in the Southern Campaign, forcing British general Charles Cornwallis to abandon the Carolinas and head for Virginia. When the war began, Greene was a militia private, the lowest rank possible; he emerged from the war with a reputation as George Washington's most gifted and dependable officer. Many places in the United States are named for him. Greene suffered financial difficulties in the post-war years and died suddenly of sunstroke in 1786
Aug 14 Pope Pius VII born Barnaba Niccolò Maria Luigi Chiaramonti, reigned from 14 March 1800 to his death in 1823. Chiaramonti was also a monk, theologian, and bishop throughout his life. When he joined his religious order in 1756 he took the name of Gregorio
Sep 14 James Wilson one of the Founding Fathers of the United States and a signatory of the United States Declaration of Independence. Wilson was elected twice to the Continental Congress, where he represented Pennsylvania, and was a major force in drafting the United States Constitution. A leading legal theorist, he was one of the six original justices appointed by George Washington to the Supreme Court of the United States
Dec 9 Carl Wilhelm Scheele a Swedish Pomeranian pharmaceutical chemist. Isaac Asimov called him "hard-luck Scheele" because he made a number of chemical discoveries before others who are generally given the credit. For example, Scheele discovered oxygen , and identified molybdenum, tungsten, barium, hydrogen, and chlorine before Humphry Davy, among others. Scheele discovered organic acids tartaric, oxalic, uric, lactic, and citric, as well as hydrofluoric, hydrocyanic, and arsenic acids. He preferred speaking German to Swedish his whole life, and German was commonly spoken among Swedish pharmacists
Dec 16 Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher a Prussian Generalfeldmarschall who led his army against Napoleon I at the Battle of the Nations at Leipzig in 1813 and the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. He was made an honorary citizen of Berlin, Hamburg and Rostock, and was nicknamed "German: Marschall Vorwärts" by the soldiers he commanded because of his aggressive approach in warfare

Top 7 most famous people died in 1742

Jan 14 Edmond Halley best known for computing the orbit of the eponymous Halley's Comet. He was the second Astronomer Royal in Britain, succeeding John Flamsteed
Apr 10 Wilhelmine Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg Holy Roman Empress, Queen of the Germans, Queen of Hungary, Queen of Bohemia, Archduchess consort of Austria etc. as the spouse of Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor.
Jun 16 Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans Queen consort of Spain as the wife of King Louis I.
Jul 12 Evaristo Felice Dall'Abaco an Italian composer and cellist.
Jul 14 Richard Bentley an English classical scholar, critic, and theologian. He was Master of Trinity College, Cambridge
Aug 25 Carlos Seixas a Portuguese composer, the son of the cathedral organist, Francisco Vaz and Marcelina Nunes.
Nov 12 Friedrich Hoffmann a German physician and chemist.