Died in 1744

Jan 11 Scroop Egerton 1st Duke of Bridgewater a British peer and courtier. Originally the 4th Earl of Bridgewater he was created Duke of Bridgewater in 1720 with the subsidiary title Marquess of Brackley
Jan 14 Charles-Hubert Gervais a French composer of the Baroque era. The son of a valet to King Louis XIV's brother, Monsieur, Gervais was born at the Palais Royal in Paris and probably educated by Monsieur's musical intendants, Jean Granouillet de Sablières and Charles Lalouette. He worked as a musician for the Duc de Chartres, the future regent of France. In 1701, he married Françoise du Vivier. In 1721 he was named sous-maître de musique at the Chapelle royale along with André Campra, Nicolas Bernier and Michel Richard Delalande. Gervais composed sacred music and operas, including two tragédies en musique
Jan 23 Giambattista Vico an Italian political philosopher, rhetorician, historian, and jurist. He criticized the expansion and development of modern rationalism and was an apologist of classical antiquity. Vico is best known for his magnum opus, the Scienza Nuova of 1725, often published in English as New Science
Jan 25 Domenico Sarro an Italian composer.
Feb 11 Hedvig Taube a Swedish noble and salonist, official royal mistress to King Frederick I of Sweden. She is generally considered to have been the only official royal mistress in Swedish history, and she did have some political significance
Feb 14 John Hadley an English mathematician, inventor of the octant, a precursor to the sextant, around 1730.
Feb 15 František Václav Míča a Czech conductor and composer.
Feb 29 John Theophilus Desaguliers a French-born British natural philosopher, clergyman, engineer and freemason who was elected to the Royal Society in 1714 as experimental assistant to Isaac Newton. He had studied at Oxford and later popularized Newtonian theories and their practical applications in public lectures. Desaguliers’s most important patron was James Brydges, 1st Duke of Chandos. As a Freemason, Desaguliers was instrumental in the establishment of the first Grand Lodge formed in London in 1717 and served as their third Grand Master
Mar 3 Jean Barbeyrac a French jurist.
Mar 4 John Anstis an English officer of arms and antiquarian. He rose to the highest heraldic office in England and became Garter King of Arms in 1718 after years of political manoeuvring
Mar 31 Antiochus Kantemir a Moldavian-born Russian Enlightenment man of letters and diplomat.
Apr 25 Anders Celsius a Swedish astronomer, physicist and mathematician. He was professor of astronomy at Uppsala University from 1730 to 1744, but traveled from 1732 to 1735 visiting notable observatories in Germany, Italy and France. He founded the Uppsala Astronomical Observatory in 1741, and in 1742 proposed the Celsius temperature scale which bears his name
May 30 Alexander Pope an 18th-century English poet, best known for his satirical verse and for his translation of Homer. Famous for his use of the heroic couplet, he is the third-most frequently quoted writer in The Oxford Dictionary of Quotations, after Shakespeare and Tennyson
Jun 29 André Campra a French composer and conductor.
Jul 9 Kasper Niesiecki a Polish heraldist, Jesuit, lexicographer, writer, theologian and preacher.
Jul 17 Charles d'Orléans de Rothelin a French churchman, writer, scholar, numismatist and theologian.
Aug 9 James Brydges 1st Duke of Chandos the first of fourteen children of Sir James Brydges, 3rd Baronet of Wilton Castle, Sheriff of Herefordshire, 8th Baron Chandos; and Elizabeth Barnard. Three days after his father's death on 16 October 1714, when he became 9th Baron Chandos, he was created 1st Viscount Wilton and 1st Earl of Carnarvon; he became 1st Duke of Chandos and 1st Marquess of Carnarvon in 1719. He was a member of parliament for Hereford from 1698 to 1714
Aug 13 John Cruger an immigrant to colonial New York with an uncertain place of birth, but his family was originally Danish. In New York from at least 1696, he became a prosperous merchant and established a successful family as well. He served as an alderman for twenty-two years and as 38th Mayor of New York City from 1739 until his death in 1744
Sep 1 Frederick Anton Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt the ruling Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt from 1718 until his death.
Oct 10 Johann Heinrich Schulze a German professor and polymath from Colbitz in the Duchy of Magdeburg.
Oct 17 Giuseppe Guarneri an Italian luthier from the Guarneri family of Cremona. He rivals Antonio Stradivari with regard to the respect and reverence accorded his instruments, and he has been called the finest violin maker of the Amati line. Instruments made by Guarneri are often referred to as Josephs or del Gesùs
Oct 18 Sarah Churchill Duchess of Marlborough Duchess of Marlborough rose to be one of the most influential women of her time through her close friendship with Queen Anne of Great Britain. Sarah's friendship and influence with Princess Anne was widely known, and leading public figures often turned their attentions to her in the hope that she would influence Anne to comply with requests. As a result, by the time Anne became queen, Sarah’s knowledge of government, and intimacy with the Queen, had made her a powerful friend and a dangerous enemy
Oct 31 Leonardo Leo a Neapolitan Baroque composer.
Nov 18 Carlo Bartolomeo Rastrelli an Italian sculptor and architect. Born in Italy, he moved in 1716 to Russia, where he worked until his death. His most famous works include the Monument to Peter I and a wax figure and several busts of Peter the Great. His son Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli became a prominent architect in Russia
Nov 23 Bogusław Korwin Gosiewski de armis Ślepowron – Bishop of Smolensk on 29 January 1725, Lithuanian Great Quartermaster in 1720, Preceptor and Curator of Vilnius Cathedral, Vicar of Onikszty. He was son of the Lithuanian Field Commander Wincenty Korwin Gosiewski and Magdalena Konopacka. During the Lithuanian Civil War he supported the opponents to almighty Sapieha family. In 1722 became Auxiliary Bishop of Vilnius and Titular Bishop of Achantus. In 1723, the chapter elected him as ruler of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vilnius, and in 1725, became Bishop of Smolensk. In 1729, as one of the leaders of the opposition in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania against Augustus II the Strong, which was organizing by the French Ambassador in Poland, Antoine-Felix Marquis of Monti, who promoted to the throne Stanisław Leszczyński. Under the agreement, France would pay 60 thousand pounds for each subsequent rupture of the Parliament for the life of Augustus At the same time, together with Lithuanian opponents to the Wettin king, seek the Russian support against the absolutist aspirations of Augustus Gosiewski, embittered by the lack of nominations for the Diocese of Vilnius, was the protagonist of a scandal in custom, when in 1730, at a banquet, at which were present the entire chapter he threw glass and bottle to the new bishop of Vilnius, Michael Zienkowicz. In 1730, the Marquis of Monti broke the parliament in Grodno. In 1732, in the same way Gosiewski broke the parliament in Warsaw, getting the sum of money from the French Embassy. For the same reasons the Russian ambassador Friedrich Casimir Count von Löwenwolde paid him and Antoni Kazimierz Sapieha 1000 gold coins. Gosiewski himself also got 4 couples of zibeline martens and 100 gold coins
Nov 26 Ludwig Andreas von Khevenhüller originally from Franconia and had settled in Carinthia.
Dec 8 Marie Anne de Mailly the youngest of the five famous de Nesle sisters, four of whom would become the mistress of King Louis XV of France.
Dec 16 Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria (governor) an Archduchess of Austria and a Princess of Lorraine, the younger sister of Empress Maria Theresa.
Dec 23 Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans a French petite-fille de France and by marriage to Leopold, Duke of Lorraine, duchess and later regent of Lorraine and Bar. She was also suo jure Princess of Commercy. Among her children was Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, a co-founder of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine