Died in 1745

Jan 3 Jean de Bodt a Baroque architect of the 18th century.
Jan 20 Charles VII Holy Roman Emperor Prince-elector of Bavaria from 1726 and Holy Roman Emperor from 24 January 1742 until his death in 1745. A member of the House of Wittelsbach, Charles was notably the first person not born of the House of Habsburg to become emperor in over three centuries
Feb 5 Anna Louise Föhse the daughter of Rudolf Föhse , the court pharmacist in Dessau, and his wife, Agnes Ohme.
Feb 18 Nicola Fago an Italian Baroque composer and teacher. He was the father of Lorenzo Fago
Mar 15 Michel de la Barre a French composer and renowned flautist known as being the first person to publish solo flute music. He played at the Académie Royale de Musique, the Musettes and Hautbois de Poitou and the courts of Louis XIV and Louis XV
Mar 18 Robert Walpole generally regarded as the first Prime Minister of Great Britain. Although the exact dates of his dominance are a matter of scholarly debate, 1721–1742 are often used. He dominated the Walpole–Townshend Ministry and the Ministry and holds the record as the longest serving Prime Minister in British history. Critics called his system the "Robinocracy." Speck says that Walpole's uninterrupted run of 20 years as Prime Minister "is rightly regarded as one of the major feats of British political history.... Explanations are usually offered in terms of his expert handling of the political system after 1720, his unique blending of the surviving powers of the crown with the increasing influence of the Commons
Apr 5 Princess Anne Thérèse of Savoy a Savoyard princess born in Paris, France. She was the second wife of Charles de Rohan, Prince de Soubise, a military leader and friend of Louis XV
Apr 27 Jean-Baptiste Morin (composer) a French composer and the Ordinaire de la Musique to Philippe, Duke of Orléans before and perhaps during his regency. From 1719 to 1731 Morin was Maître de musique of Louise Adélaïde d'Orléans, daughter of the Duke, at the royal abbey of Chelles, near Paris
May 9 Tomaso Antonio Vitali an Italian composer and violinist from Bologna, the eldest son of Giovanni Battista Vitali. He is known mainly for a chaconne in G minor for violin and continuo, which was published from a manuscript in the Sächsische Landesbibliothek in Dresden in Die Hoch Schule des Violinspiels edited by German violinist Ferdinand David. That work's wide-ranging modulations into distant keys have raised speculation that it could not be a genuine baroque work
May 22 François-Marie 1st duc de Broglie a French military leader.
Jun 28 Antoine Forqueray a French composer and virtuoso of the viola da gamba.
Jul 20 Francesco della Penna a Capuchin missionary to Tibet who became prefect of the Tibetan Mission.
Aug 5 Akinfiy Nikitich Demidov a Russian industrialist of the Demidov family.
Aug 13 Ernst Frederick II Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen a duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen.
Aug 24 Oleksa Dovbush a famous Ukrainian outlaw, leader of opryshky, who became a folk hero, often compared to Robin Hood.
Sep 4 Christian Ernest II Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld a duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld.
Sep 14 Martino Altomonte an Italian Baroque painter of Austrian descent who mainly worked in Poland and Austria.
Sep 16 James Butler 2nd Duke of Ormonde an Irish statesman and soldier. He was the third of the Kilcash branch of the family to inherit the earldom of Ormond. Like his grandfather the 1st Duke, he was raised as a Protestant, unlike his extended family who held to Roman Catholicism. He served in the campaign to put down the Monmouth Rebellion, in the Williamite War in Ireland, in the Nine Years' War and in the War of the Spanish Succession but was accused of treason and went into exile after the Jacobite rising of 1715
Oct 19 Jonathan Swift an Anglo-Irish satirist, essayist, political pamphleteer , poet and cleric who became Dean of St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin.
Nov 16 Johann Lukas von Hildebrandt an Austrian baroque architect and military engineer who designed stately buildings and churches and whose work had a profound influence on the architecture of the Habsburg Empire in the eighteenth century. After studying in Rome under Carlo Fontana, he constructed fortresses for Prince Eugene of Savoy during his Italian campaigns, becoming his favorite architect. In 1700 he became court engineer in Vienna, and in 1711 was named head of the court department of building. He became court architect in 1723. His designs for palaces, estates, gardens, churches, chapels, and villas were widely imitated, and his architectural principles spread throughout central and southeast Europe. Among his more important works are Palais Schwarzenberg, Peter's Church, and Belvedere in Vienna, Savoy Castle in Ráckeve, Schönborn Palace in Göllersdorf, and Schloss Hof
Nov 30 Johann Bessler a German entrepreneur who claimed to have built several perpetual motion machines. Those claims generated considerable interest and controversy among some of the leading natural philosophers of the day, including Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Johann Bernoulli, John Theophilus Desaguliers, and Willem 's Gravesande. The modern scientific consensus is that Bessler perpetrated a deliberate fraud
Dec 8 Étienne Fourmont a French scholar and Orientalist who served as professor of Arabic at the Collège de France and published grammars on the Arabic, Hebrew, and Chinese languages.
Dec 16 Pierre Desfontaines a French journalist, translator and popular historian.
Dec 19 Jean-Baptiste van Loo a French subject and portrait painter.
Dec 23 Jan Dismas Zelenka a Czech composer and musician of the Baroque period. His music is admired for its harmonic inventiveness and counterpoint