1746 in history

1746 events chronologically

Jan 8 Second Jacobite Rising: Bonnie Prince Charlie occupies Stirling
Apr 16 The Battle of Culloden is fought between the French-supported Jacobites and the British Hanoverian forces commanded by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, in Scotland. After the battle many highland traditions were banned and the Highlands of Scotland were cleared of inhabitants
Jun 16 War of Austrian Succession: Austria and Sardinia defeat a Franco-Spanish army at the Battle of Piacenza
Oct 22 The College of New Jersey (later renamed Princeton University) receives its charter

Top 7 most famous people born in 1746

Jan 4 Benjamin Rush a Founding Father of the United States. Rush was a civic leader in Philadelphia, where he was a physician, politician, social reformer, educator and humanitarian, as well as the founder of Dickinson College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania
Jan 12 Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi a Swiss pedagogue and educational reformer who exemplified Romanticism in his approach.
Jan 24 Gustav III of Sweden King of Sweden from 1771 until his death.
Mar 30 Francisco Goya a Spanish romantic painter and printmaker regarded both as the last of the Old Masters and the first of the moderns. Goya was court painter to the Spanish Crown; throughout the Peninsular War he remained in Madrid, where he painted the portrait of Joseph Bonaparte, pretender to the Spanish throne, and documented the war in the masterpiece of studied ambiguity known as the Desastres de la Guerra. Through his works he was both a commentator on and chronicler of his era. The subversive imaginative element in his art, as well as his bold handling of paint, provided a model for the work of artists of later generations, notably Édouard Manet, Pablo Picasso and Francis Bacon
May 9 Gaspard Monge a French mathematician, the inventor of descriptive geometry , and the father of differential geometry. During the French Revolution he served as the Minister of the Marine, and was involved in the reform of the French educational system, helping to found the École Polytechnique
Jul 3 Sophia Magdalena of Denmark Queen of Sweden as the spouse of King Gustav III.
Jul 16 Giuseppe Piazzi an Italian Catholic priest of the Theatine order, mathematician, and astronomer. He was born in Ponte in Valtellina, and died in Naples. He established an observatory at Palermo, now the Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo – Giuseppe Vaiana. Perhaps his most famous discovery was the first asteroid, Ceres

Top 7 most famous people died in 1746

Mar 19 Grand Duchess Anna Leopoldovna of Russia also known as Anna Karlovna , regent of Russia for a few months during the minority of her baby son Ivan. She was the daughter of Tsarevna Catherine of Russia and of Charles Leopold, the Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and born as Elisabeth Katharina Christine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Mar 20 Nicolas de Largillière a painter born in Paris, France.
Jun 14 Colin Maclaurin a Scottish mathematician who made important contributions to geometry and algebra. The Maclaurin series, a special case of the Taylor series, is named after him
Jul 9 Philip V of Spain King of Spain from 1 November 1700 to 15 January 1724, when he abdicated in favour of his son Louis, and from 6 September 1724, when he assumed the throne again upon his son's death, to his own death.
Jul 22 Infanta Maria Teresa Rafaela of Spain an Infanta of Spain by birth and was later the wife of Louis, Dauphin of France, son of Louis XV of France. She died aged 20, while giving birth to a daughter who died in 1748
Jul 28 John Peter Zenger a German American printer, publisher, editor, and journalist in New York City. Zenger printed The New York Weekly Journal. He was a defendant in a landmark legal case in American jurisprudence, known as The Zenger Trial. His lawyers, Andrew Hamilton and William Smith, Sr., successfully argued that truth is a defense against charges of libel
Aug 6 Christian VI of Denmark the King of Denmark and Norway from 1730 to 1746. The eldest surviving son of King Frederick IV of Denmark and Norway and Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow, he is considered one of Denmark's more anonymous kings, but he was a skilled politician, best known for his authoritarian regime. He was the first king of the Oldenburg dynasty to refrain from entering in any war. He married Sophia Magdalene of Brandenburg-Kulmbach and fathered Frederick V