Died in 1746

Jan 23 Peter Zorn a German librarian and philologist and Protestant theologian.
Feb 4 Robert Blair (poet) a Scottish poet. His fame rests upon his poem The Grave, which, in a later printing was illustrated by William Blake
Feb 11 Vasily Vladimirovich Dolgorukov a Russian commander and politician, promoted Field Marshal in 1728. His life and fortune had swing like a weathercock during his life, following complex plots and the troubled time that followed Peter the Great's death
Feb 22 Guillaume Coustou the Elder a French sculptor and academician. Coustou was the younger brother of French sculptor Nicolas Coustou and the pupil of his mother's brother, Antoine Coysevox. Like his brother, he was employed by Louis XIV and Louis XV
Feb 28 Hermann von der Hardt a German historian and orientalist.
Mar 10 Friedrich Wilhelm Duke of Saxe-Meiningen a duke of Saxe-Meiningen.
Mar 19 Grand Duchess Anna Leopoldovna of Russia also known as Anna Karlovna , regent of Russia for a few months during the minority of her baby son Ivan. She was the daughter of Tsarevna Catherine of Russia and of Charles Leopold, the Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and born as Elisabeth Katharina Christine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Mar 20 Nicolas de Largillière a painter born in Paris, France.
Mar 30 Jean-Joseph Fiocco a Flemish composer of the high and late Baroque period.
Apr 14 Ernest Ferdinand Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg a titular Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg. He was Prince of Brunswick-Bevern and founder of the younger Brunswick-Bevern line
May 16 Johann Adolf II Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels the last duke of Saxe-Weissenfels-Querfurt and a member of the House of Wettin. He was also a commander in the Saxon army
May 26 Thomas Southerne an Irish dramatist.
Jun 8 Frederick III Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg a Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg.
Jun 14 Colin Maclaurin a Scottish mathematician who made important contributions to geometry and algebra. The Maclaurin series, a special case of the Taylor series, is named after him
Jul 3 Joseph-François Lafitau a French Jesuit missionary, ethnologist, and naturalist. He is best known for his use of the comparative method in the field of scientific anthropology, the discovery of ginseng, and his writings on the Iroquois. Lafitau was the first of the Jesuit missionaries in Canada to have a scientific point of view. Francis Parkman praises Lafitau, stating, “none of the old writers are so satisfactory as Lafitau.”
Jul 9 Philip V of Spain King of Spain from 1 November 1700 to 15 January 1724, when he abdicated in favour of his son Louis, and from 6 September 1724, when he assumed the throne again upon his son's death, to his own death.
Jul 22 Infanta Maria Teresa Rafaela of Spain an Infanta of Spain by birth and was later the wife of Louis, Dauphin of France, son of Louis XV of France. She died aged 20, while giving birth to a daughter who died in 1748
Jul 28 John Peter Zenger a German American printer, publisher, editor, and journalist in New York City. Zenger printed The New York Weekly Journal. He was a defendant in a landmark legal case in American jurisprudence, known as The Zenger Trial. His lawyers, Andrew Hamilton and William Smith, Sr., successfully argued that truth is a defense against charges of libel
Aug 6 Christian VI of Denmark the King of Denmark and Norway from 1730 to 1746. The eldest surviving son of King Frederick IV of Denmark and Norway and Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow, he is considered one of Denmark's more anonymous kings, but he was a skilled politician, best known for his authoritarian regime. He was the first king of the Oldenburg dynasty to refrain from entering in any war. He married Sophia Magdalene of Brandenburg-Kulmbach and fathered Frederick V
Sep 2 Jean-Baptiste Colbert marquis de Torcy a French diplomat, who negotiated some of the most important treaties towards the end of Louis XIV's reign, notably the treaty that occasioned the War of the Spanish Succession , in which the dying Charles II of Spain named Louis XIV's grandson, Philippe, duc d'Anjou, heir to the Spanish throne, eventually founding the line of Spanish Bourbons.
Oct 12 Augustin Friedrich Walther a German anatomist, botanist and physician who was a native of Wittenberg. He was the son of theologian Michael Walther the Younger
Nov 5 John Louis II Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Dornburg. After 1742 he became ruler over the principality of Anhalt-Zerbst
Nov 14 Georg Wilhelm Steller German botanist, zoologist, physician, and explorer
Dec 6 Lady Grizel Baillie a Scottish songwriter.
Dec 8 Charles Radclyffe titular 5th Earl of Derwentwater, who claimed the title Fifth Earl of Derwentwater. He was the youngest son of Edward Radclyffe, 2nd Earl of Derwentwater and Lady Mary Tudor
Dec 9 Carl Gyllenborg a Swedish statesman and author.
Dec 17 José Antonio de Mendoza 3rd Marquis of Villagarcía a Spanish colonial administrator in the Americas. From February 4, 1736 to December 15, 1745 he was Viceroy of Peru
Dec 17 Richard Lestock an officer in the Royal Navy, eventually rising to the rank of Admiral. He fought in a number of battles, and was a controversial figure, most remembered for his part in the defeat at the Battle of Toulon, and the subsequent court-martial