Died in 1747

Jan 2 Jean-Féry Rebel an innovative French Baroque composer and violinist.
Jan 16 Barthold Heinrich Brockes a German poet.
Jan 18 Antoni Lliteres Carrió a Spanish composer of zarzuelas. As with other national forms of baroque opera, Literes's stage works employ a wide variety of musical forms - arias, ariettas and recitative as well as dance movements and choruses, though here mingled with spoken verse dialogue. His use of the orchestra follows French and Italian practise in including guitars, lutes, and harpsichords amongst the continuo instruments
Jan 26 Willem van Mieris an 18th-century painter from the Northern Netherlands.
Feb 8 Jan van Huysum a Dutch painter.
Feb 9 Carlo Bergonzi (luthier) considered the greatest pupil of Antonio Stradivari.
Feb 26 Johann Nicolaus Mempel a German musician.
Feb 28 Josias Weitbrecht a known German Professor of Medicine and Anatomy in Russia.
Mar 14 Johann Matthias von der Schulenburg a German aristocrat and general of Brandenburg-Prussian descent who served in the Saxon and Venetian armies in the early 18th century and found a second career in retirement in Venice, as a grand collector and patron. His sister was Melusine von der Schulenburg, Duchess of Kendal. His father was Gustavus Adolphus Baron von der Schulenberg
Mar 16 Christian August Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst a German prince of the House of Ascania. He was a ruler of the Principality of Anhalt-Dornburg, then, from 1742, a ruler of the entire Principality of Anhalt-Zerbst. He was also a Prussian Generalfeldmarschall, but is best known for being the father of Catherine the Great of Russia
Mar 19 Catherine Opalińska Queen consort of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth twice and a Duchess consort of Lorraine through her marriage with Stanislaus I of Poland.
Mar 23 Claude Alexandre de Bonneval a French army officer who later went into the service of the Ottoman Empire, eventually converting to Islam and becoming known as Humbaracı Ahmet Paşa.
Apr 2 Johann Jacob Dillenius a German botanist.
Apr 7 Leopold I Prince of Anhalt-Dessau a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Dessau from 1693 to 1747. He was also a Generalfeldmarschall in the Prussian army. Nicknamed "the Old Dessauer" , he possessed good abilities as a field commander, but was mainly remembered a talented drillmaster who modernized the Prussian infantry
Apr 9 Simon Fraser 11th Lord Lovat a Scottish Jacobite and Chief of Clan Fraser of Lovat, who was famous for his violent feuding and his changes of allegiance. In 1715, he had been a supporter of the House of Hanover, but in 1745 he changed sides and supported the Stuart claim on the crown of the United Kingdom. Lovat was among the Highlanders defeated at the Battle of Culloden and convicted of treason against the Crown. He was the last man in Britain to be publicly beheaded, on Tower Hill, London
Apr 25 François Gigot de la Peyronie a French surgeon who was born in Montpellier, France. His name is associated with a condition known as Peyronie's disease
May 3 Francesco Solimena a prolific Italian painter of the Baroque era, one of an established family of painters and draughtsmen.
May 9 John Dalrymple 2nd Earl of Stair a Scottish soldier and diplomat. He served in the Nine Years' War and the War of the Spanish Succession and, after a period as British Ambassador in Paris, became a military commander at the Battle of Dettingen during the War of the Austrian Succession
May 28 Luc de Clapiers marquis de Vauvenargues a minor French writer, a moralist. He died at age 31, in broken health, having published the year prior—anonymously—a collection of essays and aphorisms with the encouragement of Voltaire, his friend. He first received public notice under his own name in 1797, and from 1857 on, his aphorisms became popular. In the history of French literature, his significance lies chiefly in his friendship with Voltaire
May 31 Andrey Osterman a German-born Russian statesman who came to prominence under Tsar Peter I of Russia and served until the accession of the Tsesarevna Elizabeth. His foreign policy was based upon the Austrian alliance. General Admiral
Jun 6 Jean-Baptiste Barrière a French cellist and composer. He was born in Bordeaux and died in Paris, at 40 years of age
Jun 17 Avdotya Chernysheva a Russian noble and lady in waiting. She was the royal mistress of Tsar Peter the Great of Russia. She was the daughter of Prince Ivan Ivanovitj Rzyevskiy and Daria Gavrilovna and in 1710 married to Prince Grigorij Petrovitj Chernyshev
Jun 19 Alessandro Marcello an Italian nobleman and musician.
Jun 19 Nader Shah the founder of the Afsharid dynasty which briefly became one of the most powerful Persian dynasties in Iranian history. Because of his military genius as evidenced in numerous martial encounters throughout the Naderian Wars such as the battles of Herat, Mihmandust, Murche-Khort, Agh-Darband, Baghavard, Kheibar pass, Karnal & Kars, some historians have described him as the Napoleon of Persia or the Second Alexander. Nader Shah was a member of the Turkic Afshar tribe of northern Persia, which had supplied military power to the Safavid state since the time of Shah Ismail I
Jul 9 Giovanni Bononcini an Italian Baroque composer, cellist, singer and teacher, one of a family of string players and composers.
Jul 16 Giuseppe Crespi an Italian late Baroque painter of the Bolognese School. His eclectic output includes religious paintings and portraits, but he is now most famous for his genre paintings
Sep 3 Princess Christine Louise of Oettingen-Oettingen Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg and the maternal grandmother of Empress Maria Theresa, Queen Elisabeth Christine of Prussia, Queen Juliane Marie of Denmark and Tsar Peter II of Russia. She was also the maternal great-grand mother of the Queen of France Marie Antoinette and Emperor Ivan VI of Russia and the great-great-grand mother of Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Oct 10 John Potter (bishop) Archbishop of Canterbury.
Oct 14 Amaro Rodríguez Felipe a famous Spanish pirate.
Oct 22 Raphael Zaborovsky a Russian Orthodox bishop of Pskov and Narva and metropolitan of Kiev.
Nov 17 Alain-René Lesage a French novelist and playwright. Lesage is best known for his comic novel The Devil upon Two Sticks , his comedy Turcaret , and his picaresque novel Gil Blas
Nov 28 Karl Leopold Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin from 1713 to 1747.
Dec 2 Vincent Bourne an English classical scholar and Neo-Latin poet.
Dec 11 Edmund Curll an English bookseller and publisher. His name has become synonymous, through the attacks on him by Alexander Pope, with unscrupulous publication and publicity. Curll rose from poverty to wealth through his publishing, and he did this by approaching book printing in a mercenary and unscrupulous manner. By cashing in on scandals, publishing pornography, offering up patent medicine, using all publicity as good publicity, he managed a small empire of printing houses. He would publish high and low quality writing alike, so long as it sold. He was born in the West Country, and his late and incomplete recollections say that his father was a tradesman. He was an apprentice to a London bookseller in 1698 when he began his career