Died in 1750

Jan 16 Ivan Trubetskoy a Russian Field Marshal, promoted in 1728. He was a member of the inner circle of Tsar Peter I of Russia. Made a boyar in 1692, Trubetskoy commanded part of the Russian fleet during the Azov campaigns in 1696. In 1699, he was named governor of Novgorod. Trubetskoy ordered surrender during the Battle of Narva in 1700. He was captured and held prisoner in Sweden until exchanged in 1718
Jan 22 Franz Xaver Josef von Unertl a Bavarian politician.
Jan 26 Albert Schultens a Dutch philologist.
Feb 1 Prince Bakar of Kartli a Georgian royal prince of the Mukhrani branch of the Bagrationi dynasty and served as regent of the Kingdom of Kartli from September 1716 to August 1719.
Feb 8 Aaron Hill (writer) an English dramatist and miscellaneous writer.
Feb 18 Georg Bernhard Bilfinger born at Cannstatt in the Duchy of Württemberg.
Feb 19 Jan Frans van Bredael the best known of a dynasty of painters, and the son of Alexander van Bredael , who was also an artist.
Feb 22 Pietro Filippo Scarlatti an Italian composer, organist and choirmaster.
Mar 6 Domenico Montagnana an Italian master luthier based in Venice, Italy. He is regarded as one of the world's finest violin and cello makers of his time
Mar 7 Cornelis Troost an 18th-century actor and painter from Amsterdam.
Mar 29 James Jurin an English scientist and physician, particularly remembered for his early work in capillary action and in the epidemiology of smallpox vaccination. He was a staunch proponent of the work of Sir Isaac Newton and often used his gift for satire in Newton's defence
Mar 31 Princess Johanna Charlotte of Anhalt-Dessau a princess of Anhalt-Dessau from the House of Ascania by birth and Margravine of Brandenburg-Schwedt by marriage. From 1729 until her death she was Abbess of Herford Abbey
Apr 12 Georg Wilhelm de Gennin a German-born Russian military officer and engineer who specialized in mining and metallurgy.
Apr 20 Jean Louis Petit a French surgeon, and the inventor of the tourniquet. He was first enthusiastic about anatomy, received a master's certificate in surgery in Paris in 1700. He became a member of the French Royal Academy of Sciences in 1715, and was named director of the French Royal Academy of Surgery by the king when it was created in 1731. He acquired great notoriety because of his skill and experience, thanks to his case reports of hemorrhage, lacrimal fistula, operation on the frenum, for his treatise on bone diseases and especially for his general treatise on surgical operations, on which he worked 12 years and which was finished after his death by François-Dominique Lesne
May 3 John Willison an evangelical minister of the Church of Scotland and a writer of Christian literature.
May 28 Emperor Sakuramachi the 115th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
Jun 2 Valentin Rathgeber a German composer, organist and choirmaster of the Baroque Era.
Jun 28 Conyers Middleton an English clergyman. Mired in controversy and disputes, and with a reputation as an unbeliever, he was also considered one of the best stylists in English of his time
Jul 15 Vasily Tatishchev a prominent Russian statesman, and ethnographer, best remembered as the author of the first full-scale Russian history. Throughout this work, he advocates his favourite idea that autocracy is the perfect form of government for Russia
Jul 28 Johann Sebastian Bach a German composer and musician of the Baroque period. He enriched established German styles through his skill in counterpoint, harmonic and motivic organisation, and the adaptation of rhythms, forms, and textures from abroad, particularly from Italy and France. Bach's compositions include the Brandenburg Concertos, the Goldberg Variations, the Mass in B minor, two Passions, and hundreds of cantatas. His music is revered for its technical command, artistic beauty, and intellectual depth
Jul 31 John V of Portugal a Braganza monarch that ruled as King of Portugal and the Algarves during the first half of the 18th-century. João V raised the prestige of Portugal, which had been in a long decline amongst European courts, to a new and glorious level of prosperity and wealth
Aug 12 Rachel Ruysch a Dutch still life painter who specialized in flowers. She achieved international fame in her lifetime, and was the best documented woman painter of the Dutch Golden Age. Art historians assess Ruysch to be one of the most talented still life artists among both men and women. By her death at age 86 she had produced more than 250 paintings
Sep 4 José de Cañizares a Spanish playwright. Cavalry officer, public official, and author of around one hundred works, he was one of the most important dramatists of the early 18th century
Sep 15 Charles Theodore Pachelbel a German composer, organist and harpsichordist of the late Baroque era. He was the son of the more famous Johann Pachelbel, composer of the popular Canon in He was one of the first European composers to take up residence in the American colonies, and was the most famous musical figure in early Charleston, South Carolina
Sep 15 Jean Terrasson a French priest, author and member of the Académie française.
Oct 3 Georg Matthias Monn an Austrian composer, organist and music teacher whose works were fashioned in the transition from the Baroque to Classical period in music.
Oct 16 Sylvius Leopold Weiss a German composer and lutenist.
Nov 1 Gustaaf Willem van Imhoff a Dutch colonial administrator for the Dutch East India Company. He served as Governor of Ceylon from 1736 to 1740 and as Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies from 1743 until his death in 1750
Nov 11 Apostolo Zeno a Venetian poet, librettist, journalist, and man of letters.
Nov 20 Maurice de Saxe a Saxon soldier in French service who became a Marshal and later also Marshal General of France.
Dec 1 Johann Gabriel Doppelmayr a German mathematician, astronomer, and cartographer.
Dec 21 Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Princess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Holy Roman Empress, German Queen, Queen of Bohemia and Hungary; and Archduchess of Austria by her marriage to Emperor Charles She was renowned for her delicate beauty and also for being the mother of Empress Maria Theresa. She is also the maternal grandmother of Marie-Antoinette, Queen of France, though she died five years before her granddaughter's birth in 1755. She was also the longest serving Holy Roman Empress