Born in 1751

Jan 12 Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies the King of the Two Sicilies from 1816, after his restoration following victory in the Napoleonic Wars. Before that he had been, since 1759, Ferdinand IV of the Kingdom of Naples and Ferdinand III of the Kingdom of Sicily. He was deposed twice from the throne of Naples: once by the revolutionary Parthenopean Republic for six months in 1799 and again by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1805
Jan 14 Corona Schröter a German musician best known as a singer. She also composed songs, setting texts by Friedrich Schiller and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe to music
Jan 18 Ferdinand Kauer an Austrian composer and pianist.
Jan 20 Ferdinand Duke of Parma the Duke of Parma, Plasencia and Guastalla from his father's death on 18 July 1765 until he ceded the duchy to France by the Treaty of Aranjuez on 20 March 1801. He was a member of the Spanish House of Bourbon
Jan 21 Manuel Benito de Castro a Neogranadine politician. He became President of the State of Cundinamarca in 1812 in place of Antonio Nariño
Jan 23 Jakob Michael Reinhold Lenz a Baltic German writer of the Sturm und Drang movement.
Feb 9 Antoine Bullant a Czech musician and opera composer that worked first in France but primarily in Imperial Russia.
Feb 15 Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Tischbein a German painter. He was a descendant of the Tischbein family of painters, and a pupil of his uncle Johann Jacob Tischbein
Feb 20 Johann Heinrich Voss a German classicist and poet, known mostly for his translation of Homer's Odyssey and Iliad into German.
Mar 3 Pierre Prévost a Genevan philosopher and physicist. In 1791 he showed that all bodies radiate heat, no matter how hot or cold they are
Mar 5 Gérard de Lally-Tollendal a French politician.
Mar 5 Jan Křtitel Kuchař a Czech organist, mandolinist, harpsichordist, music composer, operatic conductor, and teacher.
Mar 16 James Madison an American statesman, political theorist and the fourth President of the United States. He is hailed as the "Father of the Constitution" for being instrumental in the drafting of the United States Constitution and as the key champion and author of the United States Bill of Rights. He served as a politician much of his adult life
Mar 17 Anders Dahl a Swedish botanist and student of Carolus Linnaeus. The dahlia flower is named after him
Mar 19 Archduchess Maria Josepha of Austria She was the daughter of Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria Theresa of Austria, Holy Roman Empress. She died of smallpox at the age of 16 and was buried in the Imperial Crypt, Vienna, Austria
Mar 24 Benoît de Boigne a military adventurer from the Duchy of Savoy, who made his fortune and name in India with the Marathas. He was also named president of the general council of the French département of Mont-Blanc by Napoleon I
Mar 25 Pietro Gonzaga an Italian theatre set designer who worked in Italy and, since 1792, in the Russian Empire.
Mar 29 Supply Belcher an American composer, singer, and compiler of tune books. He was one of the members of the so-called First New England School, a group of mostly self-taught composers who created sacred vocal music for local choirs. He was active first in Lexington, Massachusetts, then eventually moved to Farmington, Maine. Like most of his colleagues, Belcher could not make music his main occupation, and worked as tax assessor, schoolmaster, town clerk, and so on; nevertheless he was considerably well known for his musical activities, and even dubbed 'the Handell of Maine' by a local newspaper. Most of his works survive in The Harmony of Maine, a collection Belcher published himself in Boston in 1794
Apr 23 Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound 1st Earl of Minto a Scottish politician diplomat. He was viceroy of the short-lived Anglo-Corsican Kingdom from 1793 to 1796 and went on to become Governor-General of India between 1807 and 1813
May 1 Judith Sargent Murray an early American advocate for women's rights, an essayist, playwright, poet, and letter writer. She was one of the first American proponents of the idea of equality of the sexes—that women, like men, had the capability of intellectual accomplishment and should be able to achieve economic independence. Among many other influential pieces, her landmark essay "On the Equality of the Sexes" paved the way for new thoughts and ideas proposed by other feminist writers of the century
May 9 Jacob Friedrich von Abel a German philosopher. His main interest was the human soul and in trying to find a proof for its immortality
May 24 Charles Emmanuel IV of Sardinia King of Sardinia from 1796 to 1802. He abdicated in favour of his brother Victor Emmanuel I
May 25 Nathaniel Brassey Halhed an English Orientalist and philologist. Halhed was born at Westminster. He was educated at Harrow, where he began his intimacy with Richard Brinsley Sheridan, which continued after he entered Christ Church, Oxford. At Oxford he also made the acquaintance of William Jones, the famous Orientalist, who induced him to study Arabic. Accepting a writership in the service of the East India Company, Halhed went out to India, and here, at the suggestion of Warren Hastings, by whose orders it had been compiled, translated the Hindu legal code from a Persian version of the original Sanskrit. This translation was published in 1776 under the title A Code of Gentoo Laws.In 1778 he published a Bengali grammar, to print which he set up, at Hugli, the first Bengali press in India. It is claimed that he was the first writer to call attention to the philological connection of Sanskrit with Persian, Arabic, Greek and Latin.In 1785 he returned to England, and from 1790–1795 was Member of Parliament for Lymington, Hants. For some time he was a disciple of Richard Brothers, and his unwise speech in parliament in defence of Brothers made it impossible for him to remain in the House of Commons, from which he resigned in 1795. He subsequently obtained a home appointment under the East India Company. He died in London on 18 February 1830. His collection of Oriental manuscripts was purchased by the British Museum, and there is an unfinished translation by him of the Mahabharata in the library of the Asiatic Society of Bengal
Jun 1 John Abbot (entomologist) an American entomologist and ornithologist. He was born on 31 May or 1 June 1751 in London and died on December 1840 or January 1841 in Bulloch County in Georgia
Jun 28 Nikolai Sheremetev a Russian count, the son of Petr Borisovich Sheremetev, notable grandee of the epoch of empresses Anna Ivanovna, Elizabeth Petrovna, and Catherine He was also the grandson of Boris Petrovich Sheremetev.
Jun 29 William Roxburgh a Scottish surgeon and botanist. He has been called the Father of Indian Botany
Jul 4 Antoine-François-Claude Ferrand born in Paris, and became a member of the parlement of Paris at eighteen.
Jul 11 Caroline Matilda of Great Britain Queen of Denmark and Norway from 1766 to 1775 as the wife of King Christian VII.
Jul 12 Julie Billiart a French religious leader who founded, and was the first Superior General of, the Congregation of the Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur.
Jul 30 Maria Anna Mozart a musician, the older sister of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and daughter of Leopold and Anna Maria Mozart.
Aug 2 Jan Pieter van Suchtelen born in the Netherlands, and was a general in the Russian army during the Russo-Swedish War. In 1812 Suchtelen was the plenipotentiary for Russian Emperor Alexander I in Orebro where he negotiated and signed the Treaty of Orebro which brought to an end the Anglo–Russian War. In that treaty his titles included "general of engineers, quarter-master general, member of the council of state"
Aug 6 Matvei Platov a Russian general who commanded the Don Cossacks in the Napoleonic wars and founded Novocherkassk as the new capital of the Don Host Province.
Aug 7 Wilhelmina of Prussia Princess of Orange the consort of William V of Orange and the de facto leader of the dynastic party and ounter-revolution in the Netherlands. She was the daughter of Prince Augustus William of Prussia and Luise of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. Wilhelmina was the longest serving Princess consort of Orange
Aug 23 Nikolaus Simrock a German horn player at the court of the Elector of Cologne in Bonn and a music publisher. He was a friend of Ludwig van Beethoven and founder of the Simrock music publishing house. "Highly esteemed as a man and a musician", he remained in contact with Beethoven throughout the 1790s and is a regarded as a "reliable witness" to Beethoven's years in Bonn
Sep 1 Emanuel Schikaneder a German impresario, dramatist, actor, singer and composer. He was the librettist of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's opera The Magic Flute and the builder of the Theater an der Wien. Branscombe called him "one of the most talented theatre men of his era"
Sep 5 François Joseph Westermann a French general of the Revolutionary Wars and political figure of the French Revolution.
Sep 11 Princess Charlotte of Saxe-Meiningen a member of the House of Saxe-Meiningen and a Princess of Saxe-Meiningen by birth and a member of the House of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg and Duchess consort of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg through her marriage to Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.
Sep 13 Hendrik Kobell an 18th-century landscape and marine painter, etcher, draftsman and watercolorist from the Northern Netherlands.
Sep 17 Yury Neledinsky-Meletsky a soldier, senator and secretary of state of the Russian Empire and a Russian poet.
Oct 5 John Shore 1st Baron Teignmouth a British official of the East India Company who served as Governor-General of India from 1793 to 1797. In 1798 he was created Baron Teignmouth in the Peerage of Ireland
Oct 9 Pierre Louis de Lacretelle a French lawyer, politician and writer.
Oct 16 Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt Queen consort of Prussia as the second wife of King Frederick William II.
Oct 17 Johann Michael Sailer a German Jesuit professor of theology and Bishop of Ratisbon.
Oct 21 Giovanni Maria Angioy considered to be a national hero by Sardinian nationalists. Although best known for his political activities, Angioy was a university lecturer, a judge for the Reale Udienza, an entrepreneur and a banker
Oct 22 Nathanael Gottfried Leske a German natural scientist and geologist.
Oct 28 Dmitry Bortniansky a Russian composer and conductor of Ukrainian origin.
Oct 30 Richard Brinsley Sheridan an Irish playwright and poet and long-term owner of the London Theatre Royal, Drury Lane. He is known for his plays such as The Rivals, The School for Scandal and A Trip to Scarborough. For thirty-two years he was also a Whig Member of the British House of Commons for Stafford , Westminster and Ilchester. He was buried at Poets' Corner in Westminster Abbey
Nov 11 Giuseppe Doria Pamphili an Italian Cardinal who served as Cardinal Secretary of State.
Nov 14 Capel Lofft an English lawyer, minor political figure and miscellaneous writer.
Dec 1 Johan Henric Kellgren a Swedish poet and critic.