Died in 1751

Jan 4 Robert Maynard a lieutenant and later captain in the Royal Navy. He served as first lieutenant of HMS Pearl, most famous for his part in the defeat of the infamous English pirate Blackbeard in battle. Robert Maynard was made a lieutenant on 14 January 1707. From 1709 he was third lieutenant on HMS Bedford. He became first lieutenant of HMS Pearl in 1716. He was promoted to commander in 1739, and to captain in 1740
Jan 17 Tomaso Albinoni an Italian Baroque composer. While famous in his day as an opera composer, he is mainly remembered today for his instrumental music, such as the concertos, some of which are regularly recorded
Jan 20 John Hervey 1st Earl of Bristol an English politician.
Jan 29 Martin Knutzen a German philosopher, a disciple of Alexander Baumgarten and teacher of Immanuel Kant, to whom he introduced the physics of Newton.
Jan 29 Jacob van Schuppen an Austrian Baroque painter.
Feb 1 Michel-Étienne Turgot prévôt des marchands de Paris from 1729 to 1740. His name is associated to one of the most famous maps of Paris, the "Plan de Turgot" , a detailed bird-eye view of Paris realized by Louis Bretez from 1734 to 1739
Feb 5 Henri François d'Aguesseau Chancellor of France three times between 1717 and 1750 and pronounced by Voltaire to be "the most learned magistrate France every possessed".
Feb 7 Frederick IV Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg.
Feb 18 Giuseppe Matteo Alberti an Italian Baroque composer and violinist.
Mar 21 Johann Heinrich Zedler a bookseller and publisher. His most important achievement was the creation of a German encyclopedia, the Grosses Universal-Lexicon , the largest and most comprehensive German-language encyclopedia developed in the 18th century
Mar 24 János Pálffy a Hungarian noble, Imperial Field marshal and Palatine of Hungary.
Mar 25 Frederick I of Sweden a prince consort of Sweden from 1718 to 1720, and a King of Sweden from 1720 until his death and also Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel from 1730. He ascended the throne following the death of his brother-in-law, absolutist Charles XII in the Great Northern War, as his sister and heir Ulrika Eleonora preferred to abdicate from her position as queen regnant after relinquishing most powers to the Riksdag of the Estates. His powerless reign saw his family's elimination from the line of succession after the parliamentary government dominated by pro-revanchist Hat Party politicians ventured into a war with Russia, which ended in defeat and the Russian tsarina Elizabeth demanding Adolph Frederick of Holstein-Gottorp to be instated following the death of the king
Mar 29 Thomas Coram a philanthropist who created the London Foundling Hospital to look after unwanted children in Lamb's Conduit Fields, Bloomsbury. It is said to be the world's first incorporated charity
Mar 31 Frederick Prince of Wales heir apparent to the British throne from 1727 until his death. He was the eldest but estranged son of King George II and Caroline of Ansbach, as well as the father of King George III
Apr 20 Gisela Agnes of Anhalt-Köthen a princess of Anhalt-Köthen by birth and by marriage Duchess of Anhalt-Dessau.
Apr 23 Jacques I Prince of Monaco count of Thorigny, Prince of Monaco as Jacques I and the fourth Duke of Valentinois from 1731 until 1733.
May 11 Peter Lacy known in Russia , was one of the most successful Russian imperial commanders before Rumyantsev and Suvorov. During a military career that spanned half a century, he professed to have been present at a total of 31 campaigns, 18 battles, and 18 sieges. He died at Riga, of which he for many years served as governor
May 19 Józef Potocki a Polish nobleman , magnate, Great Hetman of the Crown.
Jul 12 Tokugawa Yoshimune the eighth shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan, ruling from 1716 until his abdication in 1745. He was the son of Tokugawa Mitsusada, the grandson of Tokugawa Yorinobu, and the great-grandson of Tokugawa Ieyasu
Jul 29 Peter Warren (Royal Navy officer) a British naval officer from Ireland who commanded the naval forces in the attack on the French fortress of Louisbourg, Nova Scotia in 1745. He later sat as MP for Westminster
Aug 18 Samuel von Schmettau a Prussian field marshal.
Aug 30 Christopher Polhem a Swedish scientist, inventor and industrialist. He made significant contributions to the economic and industrial development of Sweden, particularly mining
Oct 2 Pierre Dumage a French Baroque organist and composer. His first music teacher was most likely his father, organist of the Beauvais Cathedral. At some point during his youth Dumage moved to Paris and studied under Louis Marchand. He also befriended Nicolas Lebègue, who in 1703 procured for Dumage a position of organist of the Saint-Quentin collegiate church. In 1710 Dumage was appointed titular organist of the Laon Cathedral. Due to strained relations with his superiors in the cathedral chapter, Dumage left on 30 March 1719, at the age of 45, and became a civil servant. He apparently neither played nor composed music professionally until his death, 32 years later
Oct 22 William IV Prince of Orange the first hereditary stadtholder of the Netherlands.
Oct 26 Philip Doddridge an English Nonconformist leader, educator, and hymnwriter.
Nov 11 Julien Offray de La Mettrie a French physician and philosopher, and one of the earliest of the French materialists of the Enlightenment. He is best known for his work L'homme machine "Machine man". or "The Human Mechanism"
Dec 8 Dominik von Königsegg-Rothenfels an imperial Fieldmarshal.
Dec 12 Henry St John 1st Viscount Bolingbroke an English politician, government official and political philosopher. He was a leader of the Tories, and supported the Church of England politically despite his antireligious views and opposition to theology. In 1715 he supported the Jacobite rebellion of 1715 which sought to overthrow the new king George Escaping to France he became foreign minister for the Pretender. He was attainted for treason, but reversed course and was allowed to return to England in 1723. He is best known as the philosopher of the Country Party
Dec 16 Leopold II Prince of Anhalt-Dessau a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Dessau from 1747 to 1751; he also was a Prussian general.
Dec 18 Kilian Ignaz Dientzenhofer a Bohemian architect of the Baroque era. He was the fifth son of the German architect Christoph Dientzenhofer and a Bohemian mother and a member of the well known Dientzenhofer family of architects. As an architect he co-operated with his father and with Jan Santini Aichel
Dec 19 Louise of Great Britain Queen of Denmark and Norway from 1746 until her death, as the first wife of King Frederick She was the youngest surviving daughter of George II of Great Britain and Caroline of Ansbach.