Born in 1752

Jan 1 Betsy Ross widely credited with making the first American flag purportedly in 1776, according to family tradition, upon a visit from General George Washington, commander-in-chief of the Continental Army, and changing the shape of the stars described on the flag from six-pointed to easier-to-produce five-pointed stars. However, there is no archival evidence or other verbal traditions that this story or "legend" of the first American flag is true and supposedly the story first surfaced in the early 1870s by the description of her descendents, , a century later with no mention being made or documented anywhere in earlier decades
Jan 2 Philip Freneau an American poet, nationalist, polemicist, sea captain and newspaper editor sometimes called the "Poet of the American Revolution".
Jan 3 Johannes von Müller a Swiss historian.
Jan 10 Laurent Jean François Truguet a French admiral.
Jan 18 John Nash (architect) a British architect responsible for much of the layout of Regency London under the patronage of the Prince Regent, and during his reign as George Nash was also a pioneer in the use of the Picturesque in architecture. His best-known buildings are the Royal Pavilion, Brighton, and Buckingham Palace
Jan 18 Alexander Kurakin a Russian statesman and diplomat, a member of the State Council , who was ranked Actual Privy Counsellor 1st Class.
Jan 19 James Morris III a Continental Army officer from Connecticut during the American Revolutionary War and founder of the Morris Academy, a pioneer in coeducation.
Jan 24 Muzio Clementi an Italian-born English composer, pianist, pedagogue, conductor, music publisher, editor, and piano manufacturer. Born in Rome, he spent most of his life in England
Jan 31 Gouverneur Morris an American statesman, a Founding Father of the United States, and a native of New York City who represented Pennsylvania in the Constitutional Convention of 1787. He was a signatory to the Articles of Confederation. Morris was also an author of large sections of the Constitution of the United States and one of its signers. He is widely credited as the author of the document's preamble, and has been called the "Penman of the Constitution." In an era when most Americans thought of themselves as citizens of their respective states, Morris advanced the idea of being a citizen of a single union of states
Feb 12 Dorothea Ackermann a German actress and the oldest daughter of Konrad Ackermann.
Feb 12 Josef Reicha a Czech cellist, composer and conductor. He was the uncle of composer and music theorist Anton Reicha
Feb 17 Friedrich Maximilian Klinger a German dramatist and novelist. His play Sturm und Drang gave name to the Sturm und Drang artistic epoch. He was a childhood friend of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and is often closely associated with Jakob Michael Reinhold Lenz. Klinger worked as a playwright for the Seylersche Schauspiel-Gesellschaft for two years, but eventually left the Kingdom of Prussia to become a General in the Imperial Russian Army
Feb 23 Simon Knéfacz a Hungarian monk and Burgenland Croatian writer.
Feb 25 John Graves Simcoe a British army officer and the first Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada from 1791 to 1796. Then frontier, this was modern-day southern Ontario and the watersheds of Georgian Bay and Lake Superior. His bicameral Legislature founded York and was instrumental in introducing institutions such as the courts, trial by jury, English common law, freehold land tenure, and the abolition of slavery. Slavery was ended in Upper Canada long before it was abolished in the British Empire as a whole; by 1810, there were no slaves in Upper Canada, but the Crown did not abolish slavery throughout the Empire until 1834
Mar 8 Johann David Schoepff a German botanist, zoologist, and physician.
Mar 21 Louis d'Elbée a French Royalist military leader. He was the second commander in chief of the Royal and Catholic Army formed by Royalist forces of the Vendean insurrection against the Republic and the French Revolution
Apr 4 Niccolò Antonio Zingarelli an Italian composer, chiefly of opera.
Apr 5 Sébastien Érard a French instrument maker of German origin who specialised in the production of pianos and harps, developing the capacities of both instruments and pioneering the modern piano.
Apr 19 Friederike Brion a parson's daughter who had a short, but intense love-affair with the young Johann Wolfgang Goethe.
Apr 21 Humphry Repton the last great English landscape designer of the eighteenth century, often regarded as the successor to Capability Brown; he also sowed the seeds of the more intricate and eclectic styles of the 19th century. His first name is often incorrectly rendered "Humphrey"
Apr 21 Pierre-Alexandre-Laurent Forfait a French engineer, hydrographer and politician, and Minister of the Navy.
Apr 28 Matsumura Goshun a Japanese Painter of the Edo Period and founder of the Shijō school of painting. He was a disciple of the painter and poet Yosa Buson , a master of Japanese southern school painting
May 2 Ludwig August Lebrun a German oboist and composer.
May 4 John Brooks (governor) a doctor, military officer, and politician from Massachusetts. He served as the 11th Governor of Massachusetts from 1816 to 1823, and was one of the last Federalist officials elected in the United States
May 9 Johann Anton Leisewitz a German lawyer and dramatic poet, and a central figure of the Sturm und Drang era. He is best known for his play Julius von Tarent , that inspired Friedrich Schiller and is considered the forerunner of Schiller's quintessential Sturm und Drang work The Robbers
May 10 Pierre de Ruel marquis de Beurnonville a French general during the French Revolutionary Wars and later a marshal of France.
May 11 Johann Friedrich Blumenbach a German physician, naturalist, physiologist, and anthropologist. He was one of the first to explore the study of mankind as an aspect of natural history. His teachings in comparative anatomy were applied to the classification of what he called human races, of which he determined there to be five
May 14 Timothy Dwight IV an American academic and educator, a Congregationalist minister, theologian, and author. He was the eighth president of Yale College
May 14 Albrecht Thaer a renowned German agronomist and an avid supporter of the humus theory for plant nutrition.
May 22 Louis Legendre a French politician of the Revolution period.
May 29 Charles Whitworth 1st Earl Whitworth a British diplomat and politician.
Jun 11 Christian Graf von Haugwitz a German statesman, best known for serving as Foreign Minister of Prussia during the Napoleonic Wars.
Jun 13 Frances Burney an English novelist, diarist and playwright. She was born in Lynn Regis, now King's Lynn, England, on 13 June 1752, to musical historian Dr Charles Burney and Esther Sleepe Burney. The third of six children, she was self-educated and began writing what she called her "scribblings" at the age of ten. In 1793, aged 42, she married a French exile, General Alexandre D'Arblay. Their only son, Alexander, was born in 1794. After a lengthy writing career, and travels that took her to France for more than ten years, she settled in Bath, England, where she died on 6 January 1840
Jun 28 Karl von Eckartshausen a German Catholic mystic, author, and philosopher.
Jul 1 Thomas Pelham-Clinton 3rd Duke of Newcastle a British soldier and politician.
Jul 7 Joseph Marie Jacquard a French weaver and merchant. He played an important role in the development of the earliest programmable loom , which in turn played an important role in the development of other programmable machines, such as computers
Jul 9 Evan Nepean a British politician and colonial administrator. He was the first of the Nepean Baronets
Jul 23 Marc-Auguste Pictet a physicist, chemist, meteorologist and astronomer from Geneva, Switzerland.
Jul 27 Samuel Smith (Maryland) a United States Senator and Representative from Maryland, a mayor of Baltimore, Maryland, and a general in the Maryland militia. He was the brother of cabinet secretary Robert Smith
Aug 6 Princess Louise of Saxe-Meiningen a Duchess of Saxe-Meiningen by birth and by marriage Landgravine of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld.
Aug 11 Alexander Tormasov a Russian cavalry general prominent during the Napoleonic Wars.
Aug 13 Maria Carolina of Austria Queen of Naples and Sicily as the wife of King Ferdinand IV & III. As de facto ruler of her husband's kingdoms, Maria Carolina oversaw the promulgation of many reforms, including the revocation of the ban on Freemasonry, the enlargement of the navy under her favourite, John Acton, 6th Baronet, and the expulsion of Spanish influence. She was a proponent of enlightened absolutism until the advent of the French Revolution, when, in order to prevent its ideas gaining currency, she made Naples a police state
Aug 20 Landgravine Friederike of Hesse-Darmstadt a member of the House of Hesse and by marriage a Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.
Aug 21 Jacques Roux a radical Roman Catholic priest that took an active role in the revolutionary politics during the French Revolution. He skillfully expounded the ideals of popular democracy and classless society to crowds of Parisian sans-culottes, working class wage earners and shopkeepers, radicalizing them into a dangerous revolutionary force. He became a leader of a popular far-left political faction known as the Enragés , and in 1791 he was elected to the Paris Commune
Aug 25 Karl Mack von Leiberich an Austrian soldier. He is best remembered as the commander of the Austrian forces that capitulated to Napoleon's Grande Armée in the Battle of Ulm in 1805. Mack makes a brief appearance as a character in book two of Tolstoy's War and Peace
Sep 8 Carl Stenborg a Swedish opera singer, actor, composer and theatre director. He is considered the first great male opera singer in Sweden and one of the pioneers of the Royal Swedish Opera
Sep 18 Adrien-Marie Legendre a French mathematician. Legendre made numerous contributions to mathematics. Well-known and important concepts such as the Legendre polynomials and Legendre transformation are named after him
Sep 27 Marie-Gabriel-Florent-Auguste de Choiseul-Gouffier a member of the Académie française and the Choiseul-Gouffier family, French ambassador to the Ottoman Empire from 1784 until the fall of the French monarchy and a scholar of ancient Greece.
Sep 30 Justin Heinrich Knecht a German composer, organist, and music theorist.
Oct 6 Jeanne-Louise-Henriette Campan a French educator, writer and lady-in-waiting. In the service of Marie Antoinette before and during the French Revolution, she was afterwards headmistress of the first "Maison d'éducation de la Légion d'honneur", as appointed by Napoleon in 1807