Died in 1754

Jan 10 Edward Cave an English printer, editor and publisher. In The Gentleman's Magazine he created the first general-interest "magazine" in the modern sense
Jan 28 Ludvig Holberg a writer, essayist, philosopher, historian and playwright born in Bergen, Norway, during the time of the Dano-Norwegian double monarchy, who spent most of his adult life in Denmark. He was influenced by Humanism, the Enlightenment and the Baroque. Holberg is considered the founder of modern Danish and Norwegian literature, and is best known for the comedies he wrote in 1722–1723 for the Lille Grønnegade Theatre in Copenhagen. Holberg's works about natural and common law were widely read by many Danish law students over two hundred years, from 1736 to 1936
Feb 5 Nicolaas Kruik a Dutch land surveyor, cartographer, astronomer and weatherman. He is remembered most today for the Museum De Cruquius bearing his name
Feb 16 Richard Mead an English physician. His work, A Short Discourse concerning Pestilential Contagion, and the Method to be used to prevent it , was of historic importance in the understanding of transmissible diseases
Mar 6 Henry Pelham a British Whig statesman, who served as Prime Minister of Great Britain from 27 August 1743 until his death. He was the younger brother of Thomas Pelham-Holles, the Duke of Newcastle, who succeeded Henry as Prime Minister
Mar 19 Germain Boffrand a French architect. A pupil of Jules Hardouin-Mansart, Germain Boffrand was one of the main creators of the precursor to Rococo called the style Régence, and in his interiors, of the Rococo itself. In his exteriors he held to a monumental Late Baroque classicism with some innovations in spatial planning that were exceptional in France His major commissions, culminating in his interiors at the Hôtel de Soubise, were memorialised in his treatise Livre d'architecture, published in 1745, which served to disseminate the French "Louis XV" style throughout Europe
Mar 23 Johann Jakob Wettstein a Swiss theologian, best known as a New Testament critic.
Apr 2 Thomas Carte an English historian.
Apr 9 Christian Wolff (philosopher) a German philosopher. The mountain Mons Wolff on the Moon got its name in his honor
Apr 15 Jacopo Riccati an Italian mathematician, born in Venice. He is now remembered for the Riccati equation. He died in Treviso in 1754
Apr 28 Giovanni Battista Piazzetta an Italian Rococo painter of religious subjects and genre scenes.
Apr 30 Maria Teresa Felicitas d'Este born a princess of Modena and was by marriage the Duchess of Penthièvre. She was the mother-in-law of Philippe Égalité and thus the grandmother to the future Louis-Philippe of France
May 14 Pierre-Claude Nivelle de La Chaussée a French dramatist who blurred the lines between comedy and tragedy with his comédie larmoyante.
May 16 Giovanni Carlo Maria Clari an Italian musical composer and maestro di cappella at Pistoia. He was born at Pisa. He gained his initial grounding in musical education from his father, a violinist originally from Rome who was employed in the service of the church of the Cavalieri di Stefano in Pisa
May 23 John Wood the Elder an English architect, working mainly in Bath.
Jun 2 Ebenezer Erskine a Scottish minister whose actions led to the establishment of the Secession Church.
Jun 25 Alexandrine Le Normant d'Étiolles born during the "Scenes of Metz", in which the public was scandalised to learn of the adultery of her stepfather-to-be, Louis XV of France.
Jun 28 Martin Folkes PRS , English antiquary, numismatist mathematician, and astronomer.
Jul 4 Philippe Néricault Destouches a French playwright who wrote 22 plays.
Aug 14 Maria Anna of Austria an Archduchess of Austria and Queen consort of Portugal. She was also Regent of Portugal from 1742 until 1750 during the illness of her husband King John V of Portugal
Oct 6 Adam Falckenhagen a German lutenist and composer of the Baroque period.
Oct 7 Tanacharison an American Indian leader who played a pivotal role in the beginning of the French and Indian War. He was known to European-Americans as the Half King, a title also used to describe several other historically important American Indian leaders. His name has been spelled in a variety of ways
Oct 8 Henry Fielding an English novelist and dramatist known for his rich earthy humour and satirical prowess, and as the author of the novel Tom Jones.
Oct 28 Friedrich von Hagedorn born at Hamburg, where his father, a man of scientific and literary taste, was Danish ambassador.
Nov 12 Jacob de Wit a Dutch artist and interior decorator who painted many religious scenes.
Nov 27 Abraham de Moivre a French mathematician known for de Moivre's formula, one of those that link complex numbers and trigonometry, and for his work on the normal distribution and probability theory. He was a friend of Isaac Newton, Edmond Halley, and James Stirling. Among his fellow Huguenot exiles in England, he was a colleague of the editor and translator Pierre des Maizeaux
Dec 10 Joasaph of Belgorod an 18th-century holy hierarch, bishop of Belgorod from 1748 until his death.
Dec 13 Mahmud I the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1730 to 1754.