1755 in history

1755 events chronologically

Jan 25 Moscow University is established on Tatiana Day
Apr 2 Commodore William James captures the Maratha fortress of Suvarnadurg on west coast of India
Apr 15 Samuel Johnson's A Dictionary of the English Language is published in London
May 15 Laredo, Texas is established by the Spaniards
Jun 16 French and Indian War: the French surrender Fort Beauséjour to the British, leading to the expulsion of the Acadians
Jul 9 French and Indian War: Braddock Expedition – British troops and colonial militiamen are ambushed and suffer a devastating defeat by French and Native American forces
Jul 25 British governor Charles Lawrence and the Nova Scotia Council order the deportation of the Acadians. Thousands of Acadians are sent to the British Colonies in America, France and England. Some later move to Louisiana, while others resettle in New Brunswick

Top 7 most famous people born in 1755

Jan 11 Alexander Hamilton a founding father of the United States, chief staff aide to General George Washington, one of the most influential interpreters and promoters of the U.S. Constitution, the founder of the nation's financial system, and the founder of the first political party
Apr 10 Samuel Hahnemann a German physician, best known for creating a system of alternative medicine called homeopathy.
Apr 16 Louise Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun recognized as the most important female painter of the 18th century.
Sep 4 Axel von Fersen the Younger a Swedish count, Marshal of the Realm of Sweden, a Lieutenant General in the Royal Swedish Army, one of the Lords of the Realm, aide-de-camp to Rochambeau in the American Revolutionary War, diplomat and statesman. He is famous in history as the friend of Queen Marie Antoinette of France, and because of his death at the hands of a Stockholm lynch mob
Sep 24 John Marshall the fourth Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. His court opinions helped lay the basis for United States constitutional law and made the Supreme Court of the United States a coequal branch of government along with the legislative and executive branches. Previously, Marshall had been a leader of the Federalist Party in Virginia and served in the United States House of Representatives from 1799 to 1800. He was Secretary of State under President John Adams from 1800 to 1801
Nov 2 Marie Antoinette Dauphine of France from 1770 to 1774 and Queen of France and Navarre from 1774 to 1792. She was the fifteenth and penultimate child of Holy Roman Empress Maria Theresa and Emperor Francis I
Nov 17 Louis XVIII of France a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France and Navarre from 1814 to 1824 except for a period in 1815 known as the Hundred Days. Louis XVIII spent twenty-three years in exile, from 1791 to 1814, during the French Revolution and the First French Empire, and again in 1815, during the period of the Hundred Days, upon the return of Napoleon I from Elba

Top 7 most famous people died in 1755

Feb 10 Montesquieu a French lawyer, man of letters, and political philosopher who lived during the Age of Enlightenment. He is famous for his articulation of the theory of separation of powers, which is implemented in many constitutions throughout the world. He did more than any other author to secure the place of the word despotism in the political lexicon, and may have been partly responsible for the popularization of the terms feudalism and Byzantine Empire
Mar 2 Louis de Rouvroy duc de Saint-Simon a French soldier, diplomat and writer of memoirs, was born in Paris. The dukedom-peerage granted to his father, Claude de Rouvroy , is a central fact in his history
Mar 8 Stepan Krasheninnikov a Russian explorer of Siberia, naturalist and geographer who gave the first full description of Kamchatka in the early 18th century. He was elected to the Russian Academy of Sciences in 1745. The Krasheninnikov Volcano on Kamchatka is named in his honour
May 20 Johann Georg Gmelin a German naturalist, botanist and geographer.
Jul 13 Edward Braddock also known in Europe as the Seven Years' War. He is generally best remembered for his command of a disastrous expedition against the French-occupied Ohio Country then in western Virginia or Pennsylvania in 1755, in which he lost his life
Sep 30 Francesco Durante a Neapolitan composer.
Dec 1 Maurice Greene (composer) an English composer and organist.